• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'In Memoriam' by F. A. Mackintosh, 'Death Bed' by Siegfried Sassoon and 'Dulce et Decorum est'by Wilfred Owen.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

First World War Poem Essay In this essay I am comparing and discussing three poems from the Great War, each by a different author. These poems are 'In Memoriam' by F. A. Mackintosh, 'Death Bed' by Siegfried Sassoon and 'Dulce et Decorum est' by Wilfred Owen. First I shall discuss 'In Memoriam' by F. A. Mackintosh. The title starts by telling you that the memory of someone who has died is probably involved as the word memoriam is usually used in epitaphs. This can be linked to a memorial which is a monument in memoriam of a lot of people which shows that this not about one person. The first stanza starts by saying 'So you were David's father,', and from this you know this is someone who is talking to the father of someone he knew. Also the use of the word 'were' in the past tense means that David is no longer his son and, at a guess, I'd say David was dead. The next line says 'And he was your only son,' notice the use of the past tense again in the form of the word of, as this says that he no longer has a son. Also it says his 'only son', which implies a tighter bond between the father and son than there would be in a family with two or sons in it and/or daughters, which means that the grief may be amplified. ...read more.

Middle

In this last stanza he is again referring to the fact that is men's fathers only see their sons in their prime and that he, their officer, saw them and held them in their last weak moments. He also no longer compares himself to their fathers but says 'For they were only you fathers, But I was you officer', therefore he implies it takes more to be their officer than to be their father. Now I shall discuss 'Dulce et Decorum est' by Wilfred Owen. The title is the beginning of a Latin phrase which is 'Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori' which means 'It is a sweet and fitting thing to die for ones country'. This is sort of misleading as this gives the feeling, provided one knows what the complete phrase is and means, of someone who thought that the war was a glorious one. This is not actually so as he turns that phrase around by saying it is a lie and says: 'My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie : Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori.' The first stanza describes the soldiers' actions and their condition. To do this he uses similes and metaphors. For example, 'Drunk with fatigue' and 'Bent double, like beggars under sacks'. The first is a metaphor and the second is a slimily. The stanza is basically a description and when the stanza is read it goes along in a slow steady rhythm so that ...read more.

Conclusion

Mackintosh uses the thoughts of a man for his soldiers. One difference between all the three poems is the prominent emotion in each. Owen's is full of hate for the war, F. A. Mackintosh's is full of grief for the loss of his men and in Sassoon's there is no way I can really pin a main feeling on it except the feeling of waste that the war produced which is apparent in each. Although I say this about Sassoon's poem the feeling of hate is made available for seeing in the lines 'He's young; he hated War; how should he die when cruel old campaigners win safe through? ', and in this you also see the grief and loss for this man as he was young. They also all have main themes. In Owen's there is the theme of death and pain as there is in Sassoon's although both are different in that Owens is more graphic in this respect. As for F. A. Mackintosh the theme is one of comparison between the officer and the fathers of his men, so much so in fact that the poem is almost a simile in itself. In conclusion I would say that each of the poems contains the feeling of terrible loss of life in the war and that fundamental feeling links all of the three poems. This means that for all the differences in style all the writers are trying to get the same message across. All three poets I would say were anti-war, although in F. A. Mackintosh's poem he does not directly show as the other two authors do. Ben Phoenix Page 4 of 4 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

*** 3 STARS

Essay shows knowledge and understanding of all three poems. Some accurate use of terminology and statements are well supported by quotes throughout. In places closer analysis of language ( such as rhyme and repetition) is needed and at times analysis of poems lacks depth.

Marked by teacher Katie Dixon 24/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss the use of symbolism in the novel Fly Away Peter

    4 star(s)

    "It was comforting to see the familiar creatures / and to see they were hardly touched by the activity around them." (Pg. 62 - Chpt. 9) Also describes the symbolism of the birds being a continuation of life within the harsh times of war.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Wilfred Owen's Anthem for Doomed Youth and Siegfried Sassoon's Attack - Explore the ways ...

    4 star(s)

    time to stop hoping that this will stop the war: 'O Jesu, make it stop!' The idea of the second half of this poem is that it had become nearly impossible to stop these innocent solders from dying. He suggests this in line 9: 'Lines of grey, muttering faces, masked with fear'.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    'Who for the Game' By Jesse Pope, 'Dulce Et Decorum Est' By Wilfred Owen, ...

    4 star(s)

    Owen's main message is war isn't a game or fun, you should be prepared to face thing like this. This person went to war for all the wrong reasons and didn't look at the reality side of things. The last poem I am going to analyse is'Who For the Game'

  2. Marked by a teacher

    A Comparison of "Who's for the Game" and "Dulce et Decorum est".

    3 star(s)

    Young men would usually join up in friendship groups. For someone that did not want to join the war the other s would tell he'll be out of the fun and would tease him, tell him he is not a real man.

  1. A Comparison Between Dulce Et Decorum Est and Pro Patria

    before), the description of the soldiers as "beggars" shows a stark contrast to Seaman's proud and noble warrior sons. In structure the poems are quite similar, Dulce et Decorum est seeming to be almost a parody of the older Pro Patria.

  2. Analysis of "An Irish Airman foresees his Death" by W.B. Yeats

    Some would say that the 'impulse of delight' is the feeling he experiences when flying, and his reason for fighting is the 'joy' of flying; others may interpret the line differently. Personally, I think that if you read on in the poem, and look at the last four lines, the meaning becomes clearer.

  1. "'Lions led by donkeys.' How valid is this interpretation of the conduct of British ...

    Source D3 also supports this view. Written by the well-known A.J.P Taylor, source D3 comments on the soldier's morale and how the war leaders influenced this. Source D2 contrasts from source D1. The source is a comment on the opinion of another historian, who believed the war was fought as well as it could have been.

  2. The Theme of the Pity of War in "Dulce Et Decorum Est" and "Anthem ...

    The change of pace in ?Gas! Gas! Quick, boys!? is a stark contrast to the slow, laborious pace of the march as reflected in the long sentences of the first verse. The punchy one syllable words encapsulates the panic and urgency felt by the men, and the exclamation marks mirror

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work