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In what ways were the lives of people at home affected by the First World War?

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Introduction

In what ways were the lives of people at home affected by the First World War? The people at home lives were affected in a wide variety of ways during the First World War. Some people's lives were altered for the good, where as some were altered for the bad. During the First World War, a lot of people were needed in the army. This meant that volunteers were required by their many hundreds. To influence this, propaganda was used in the forms of pamphlets, posters, newspapers and by word of mouth. The source A1 (i) was a poster used for propaganda to make men volunteer for the army. About 54 million similar posters were created, but this was one of the most famous. It shows Lord Kitchener, who was an upper class member of the government and was renowned for being a brave war hero. They used this picture of him because he was respected by so many across the country and so it shows deference because at least 2 million signed up to the army by 1916. Source A1 (ii) also shows a picture from a newspaper and was used as a form of recruitment. This source shows how many men were signing up for the army. Although it looks phoney, it isn't. ...read more.

Middle

Also during the war, the lives and roles of women changed considerably. Women started to do war work, like the work men would do in the factories. Propaganda was used to encourage people to join up for work in munitions factories. This propaganda worked because 900,000 women were recruited into the factories to replace the men who had joined up to the army. The men did not really agree to this because they believed that women belonged at home, looking after the children and doing the cooking. Source C3 shows a women working at a munitions factory. It was used as a form of recruitment, but is a very false poster for many reasons. The factory she is in is very clean, which is unlikely for a munitions factory. Also the woman is wearing a skirt and heels which are not at all appropriate for a factory. As well as that, the woman's hand and the army soldier's hand (in the background) connect. This is used for symbolic reasons showing that they are both proud to be doing something to help their country during the war. It also symbolises that this man does not have a problem with her working, unlike some men. Moreover, during the war, women won the right to vote. Although the Suffragettes wanted this and believed they had won the vote for women, they hadn't really. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand, it is not usual for a soldier to say these things. Most men would have been proud that they fought for their country, but Sassoon was not. This could be part of the reason that he spent time in a mental facility and was named "Mad Jack". Controversially, source D5 says that war was not all bad and that it brought positive changes to the country and the people. This historian is allowed to say things like this for two reasons; it was written over 50 years after the war, so the man would have done accurate research. Also, because it was written so many years after the war, the relatives of people who died in the war are not alive any more to argue that it was a bad thing because their families died etc. In a way, the First World War did have positive changes because, as shown in source D3, women were allowed to vote and ergo lead a more respected life. There were a lot less people in domestic services because they knew that better wages could be earned in other jobs. The person who wrote this was probably a working-class person as they speak about the working-class in a nice manner. Although these changes happened and people were proud of their men that had fought this war, the celebration and change did not last forever. The Second World War had a deeper and longer term effect on the people. ?? ?? ?? ?? Carly Benville 11R ...read more.

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