• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways were the lives of people at home affected by the First World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction Assignment 1: In what ways were the lives of people at home affected by the First World War? Historical Content: The initial impact of War; the losses of men and material; conscription; conscientious objectors; propaganda; employment; the role of women; politicians and generals; the role of Lloyd George; War poets and authors; the armistice. Recruitment and Conscription during World War One When the First World War started in August 1914, Britain had 247,432 regular troops. Of these, 12,000 were British Expeditionary Troops and the rest were abroad. However, it was clear that more troops were going to be needed to defeat the German Army. On the 7th August, Lord Kitchener, Secretary of War started a recruitment campaign asking for men between the age of 19 to 30 to join the British Army. This was very successful with an average of 33,000 men signing up every day. After three weeks of men joining, he raised the age limit to 35 and by the middle of September, the number of men signed up was 500,000. Obviously recruitment was very popular for me to fight the "noble war" for King and Country but they didn't know the nightmare of the War. The recruits of the British Army expected the War to be over by Christmas, but what they didn't know was that the War was going to last four years. At the beginning of the War, the Army had very specific guidelines for people signing up. Men joining had to be 5ft 6in tall and have a chest at least 35 inches. However, these guidelines were stopping a lot of men from joining the Army. In March 1915, Kitchener restricted the specifications to 5ft 3in and the age limit was raised to 40. There were still men who were too short who were eager to join, so the Army formed the "Bantam" Battalions for men 5ft to 5ft 3in in height. ...read more.

Middle

Emancipation is very difficult to define when discussing the role of women during the war, I will narrow it down to women getting the vote in 1918 and the state of women being employees in the post-war period. Firstly, we have to understand the role of women before WW1, before they were called upon to replace men in doing jobs. Arthur Marwick, writer of "The Deluge-British Society and the First World War (5th Edition)" written in 1979 argues that before the War, women were perceived as "industrial drudges of society". I do not believe that such a comment could be made to any relevance of the role of women at the time because, even though Marwick was a historian, he could not be completely accurate with this. Even though, through own knowledge, they were earning a third of the wage of men. However, when War broke out this struck a devastating blow to the women's campaign. It brought an abrupt end to the suffragette campaign but also took their campaign off the Political Agenda. The Government called upon the suffragette movement to support the War effort and "show their patriotism". The women's movement did exactly that. They promoted anti-German behaviour within their community and handed white feathers to men who would not don an uniform. Not only did they help on their fronts of home, but women started to undertake men's jobs in an effort to keep the War effort going. Neville Chamberlain quoted, "among the changes in our social fabric which have been brought about by the war...none is more remarkable than the development of women's activities". I can support this source because it was quoted by Neville Chamberlain, who was a significant figure in Parliament at the time and so was able to get a good perspective of the new role of women. This shocked the British male society because previously women were self-restricted to feminine activities. ...read more.

Conclusion

could save money for food and fuel. Conclusion My conclusion is that War affected the Home Front in many different ways, some of them which I have mentioned in this essay. I will sum up the areas mentioned with a brief description: Recruitment and Conscription When the War first started, men were very eager to join the 'noble war' for King and country. In September, over 500,000 men had signed up. However, this was not enough. Army regulations were being lessened and lessened until the final solution was put in place - conscription. However, some people refused to fight because of their religion or refusal to fight. They were imprisoned or sent to the Front Line unarmed. Politics and the War Effort It is possible to say that the Labour Party avoided the blame for the pre-war peace talks and so allowed the Liberal Party to lose popularity. They took initiative from this and took their rise to power. In a way, that was the start for the Government party. The War Effort became stronger, and now with renewed hopes, the population started to support the war more. The Role of Women Women were generally looked down upon before the War, trying to gain equality with men but never quite being able to. People who ran the Suffragette Movement tried to do this but when the War broke out, their plans were put on hold. Now able to vote, the women took over men's jobs. However, when the men came back the women would not give up their jobs. Thus started the woman's professional jobs. Changing Standards, Beliefs and Attitudes There were five main parts in this section: Newspapers and Media; the Balance of Power in Government; Economic Outlook and the Rich part of Society; Beliefs and the Chapel; How people survived after the War. Each one covers the section title "Changing Standards, Beliefs and Attitudes" but not all of them good. However, this has most changes because it covers more of a broad look on people's lives during and after the War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In what ways were the lives of people at home affected by the Second ...

    3 star(s)

    However, the source indicates the effects of blackouts, but it doesn't describe them, and the source doesn't tell us anything about how effective the blackout times were. Another major effect ofWorld War II was air raids. Many bombs were dropped during World War II, and to protect people, air raid shelters were made.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the First World War affect the people of Britain in so many ...

    3 star(s)

    When they refused an officer's order they wee court-martialled and were either shot or sent home in disgrace. Other 'conchies' were affected, as they had to serve willingly in the war, accepting the same risks as troops. Soldiers and Tommies were also affected.

  1. The Battle of the Somme 1916

    This also meant that friendly fire could take place if the generals didn't know that their own soldiers were there. Source H, the trip, gave us a good idea of why communication was such a problem. We could see that it would have been risky to carry all that equipment across the bumpy terrain and uphill.

  2. The long and the short and the tall

    as he pleads, 'You can't kill him...that man's a prisoner of war!' Willis Hall shows how Macleish's morality as a conscripted soldier contrasts to a trained soldier with war ethics in difficult scenarios. We see here how Macliesh goes against Mitchem's authority to stand for his civilian idealism.

  1. Compare and contrast the ways in which the changing relationship between those on the ...

    It is evident that the purpose of the novel was to provide a generation impact of war, but not of the horror which the soldiers had suffered. Nevertheless, in Jon Silkin's anthology, The Penguin Book of First World War Poetry, this is more personal as Silkin describes this as, "what I thought was excellent".

  2. Using the information in the sources and your own knowledge, in what ways were ...

    Men are finally appreciating the hard work that women are doing; they have shown themselves to be capable and responsible under the strains of the war. Because of this approximately 9 million women gained the right to vote. Another big change for women was their social lives.

  1. The impact of bombing during WWII

    It is also useful as we have an incite of how people as a group managed to keep strong and continue their allotted jobs despite the terribleness of the situation. This is suggested in 'unless we kept a very firm grip on ourselves nausea was inevitable'.

  2. The Battle of the Somme 1916 - source related study.

    One example of this was with the creeping, where the soldiers were supposed to walk across no-man's land and shells were supposed to be dropped in front of them. Unfortunately, the shells often fell short causing immense casualties. The inaccurate information which caused this was likely to be due to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work