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In what ways were the lives of peopleAt home affected by the First World War?

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Introduction

In what ways were the lives of people At home affected by the First World War? World War I broke out by accident. No European government wanted a war, but most of the European powers preferred to fight rather than back down in the face of diplomatic provocation from their rivals. The spark which provided the excuse to set the armies marching was the assassination of the heir to the Austrian throne. Austria immediately accused Serbia of instigating the murderers and issued an ultimatum, whereupon Russia declared her support of Serbia. Once the Russians ordered general mobilization Austrian, French, and German orders followed in quick succession, each triggered by the other. Mobilization plans quickly changed into war plans, because to halt part way through the deployment of military forces would simply create chaos; and chaos invited enemy attack - exactly what mobilization was supposed to prevent! Civilian leadership was displaced by the military, and rival armies plunged across European frontiers. By using the different sources provided I will be focusing on life at home and the different effects it had on the women and the men. In 1914 the government issued a poster which was very successful in getting people to volunteer to join the army. ...read more.

Middle

This source proves that the government were willing to change the status of the women, due to their efforts during the war. The home front had many positive aspects to the war, many sources back this up like Source C2 talks about the Suffragettes marching through London, campaigning that they wanted to help the war effort, their leader Mrs Emily Pankhurst, demanded a fair minimum wage and fair working conditions for women. I believe that this was fair as women were doing the men's jobs yet they were getting paid a lot lower than what the men would have. Source C3 shows employment figures for women shot up between July 1914-July 1918. The reasons for this was due to so many men were leaving the country to fight the war. Many jobs were left empty, so to earn the money what men used to provide the women worked in these jobs. This helped to prove that women could also do the job as many thought that they couldn't as in this period it saw women as the house wife type. Although this was a good leap for women it put more of a strain on the household chores. ...read more.

Conclusion

The government back in 1914-1918 would have tried their hardest to get those men either sent to prison or maybe even killed. In this essay I conclude that society dramatically changed during the period of the First World War. This is due to the amount of men lost during this period this is because of conscription. Women's part in society changed as it gave them a better lifestyle more rights and they could also vote they were also seen to be more independent My essay also shows that a resistance was put up due to the incoming of conscription, but the group were imprisoned due to their views on the situation. This shows that free speech was not accepted by society and government during this period of time. I believe that the general attitude at home was both positive and negative. The positives were mainly about the women as the laws were changed so that they could vote and also have a fair minimum wage the same as the men. The negative affected all the criteria's at home as the men wanted to stay to support their families which then forced on conscription. Robyn Williams ...read more.

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