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James Joyce wrote "The Dubliners", a collection of short stories. One in particular called "Eveline" influenced the narrative seen in "Far From Home"

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Introduction

James Joyce wrote "The Dubliners", a collection of short stories. One in particular called "Eveline" influenced the narrative seen in "Far From Home" "Far From Home" is written in the third person and is a character driven story. Free indirect discourse has been used to make the reader relate to the character. This technique allows the audience to gain insight into the character's thoughts feelings and dilemmas without using the first person narrative. Examples of when Joyce uses free indirect discourse can be seen in the third person narratives such as, "Eveline", "The Two Gallants" and "The Dead". In "Eveline" the main characters ambivalence is revealed at the beginning of the story: "She tried to weigh each side of the question." The reader becomes aware of what Eveline is thinking and feeling about leaving home. This line describes almost entirely what the story is about - the confusion and thoughtfulness Eveline is putting into leaving home. The protagonist in "Far From Home" is described using a third person's perspective. When the protagonists in Joyce's stories are young or adolescent he uses first person narrative to direct the story. The stories "Araby", "An Encounter" and "The Sisters" are written in this narrative. In order to identify the first person narratives pronouns such as "I" "My" or "Me" are used. When Joyce's main character is an adult he writes in the third person narrative. ...read more.

Middle

Penny's cynical side is revealed by the way she patronises Sarah: "Sarah was too dependent and weak in her eyes." and calls the children, "screaming bundles of hate", "Far From Home" relates to the paralytic and cynical attitude Joyce's characters are all ready in. In "Far From Home" grammar is occasionally used to create a dramatic effect. When Penny leaves her home and begins to make her way to the fields, "Left down Morrison Street towards what looked like a dead end", a fragmented sentence emphasises the 'dead end' at the end of the sentence. This is to subtly elaborate the paralysis in the story. To emphasise the situation at the beginning of "Far From Home" intentionally complex grammatical construction is used. Compound and simple sentences are regularly used for effect in James Joyce's stories. He ties these techniques with a combination of many abstract sentences to create abstract ideas. "Far From Home" begins with an abstract idea for dramatic effect. "The sound slowly emerging from the street, the raw talent of the local 'Charity for the Church' band, calmed and slowed the frustrated breath escaping a hard chest." By using modifiers, words or phrases used to specify the nature of another, the abstract idea can be emphasised. The sound is modified by explaining where it is coming from. The sentence is abstract because of how it is constructed and modified. In "The Two Gallants" "A shade of mockery.....But Corley had not a subtle mind." ...read more.

Conclusion

The connotations of the word "frenzy" emphasise and represent the state of Eveline's mind and her feelings of confusion and fright. At the end of "Far From Home" the same technique is used. "Frustration gripped her heart" this reflects the ongoing theme of frustration and the emotions Penny feels for her lost mother. "It was like a wave of warmth" The use of this simile adds to the effect of Penny calming down and the mention of waves or referral to the sea is usually incorporated with Penny relaxing throughout the story. "Araby"; a story in which Joyce tackles the theme of the inadequacy of adolescence, employs an extended metaphor for the exotic surprises that we expect to discover in life and the disappointment experienced. The Bazaar represents the exotic, exciting lifestyle and the disappointment at the Bazaar represents the disappointment in life. To imitate the use of an extended metaphor in "Far From Home", Penny's mother's illness represents the paralysis Penny is experiencing as a result of her lack of communication with her mother; Penny knows she can never share any moments of true bonding because her mother is too ill. The end of "Far From Home" displays the use juxtaposition of these two words "...small, strong..." Along with the use of modifiers such as "mountainous", "consumed" and "engulfed" Penny's life seems to be represented by all that surrounds her in the hospital room with her mother. She is paralysed by life, because she is too small to fight it. ...read more.

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