• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Language is in a state of chaos, so much so that nothing is certain' (discuss with two particular moments in Act 1).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Language is in a state of chaos, so much so that nothing is certain' (discuss with two particular moments in Act 1) The lexical choices made by Beckett in the first act show many things, such as the relationship between Estragon and Vladimir, and the confusion of the characters as to the time and the meaning of their actions. The main characters, Estragon and Vladimir, switch roles continually, so not using language as an expression of their selves, therefore the words used show no badge of identity. This shows interchangeability in the characters, so keeping the audience searching for the characters' own distinctive personality. This role switching that not even the characters' roles/ personalities are certain. This confusion is increased with the characters' inclination to talk in adjacency pairs like they are both speaking from the same train of thought To say that the language is in a state of chaos suggests there is utter confusion in the play, the audience can hear and understand the individual words being said, but cannot put them into a relevant context or meaning. ...read more.

Middle

In this moment in the play there is a lot of uncertainty for both the characters and the audience, which Beckett creates mainly via the language used by the two main protagonists. The characters are unsure about what the other is talking about, Estragon: "Who?" Vladimir: "What?" Estragon: "What's all this about?", and they are also uncertain of what really happens in the bible, Vladimir: "But all four were there...why believe him rather than the others?" The audience is made uncertain of the meaning of the character's talking about the bible, it is near the start of the play so they do not know what is to come. My second moment is different form my first as Estragon and Vladimir are now joined by two passing characters, Pozzo and Lucky, although Lucky does not speak till later on in their meeting. Pozzo speaks of how much pressure Lucky, his knook, puts on him, this is all an act on his part, but Estragon and Vladimir believe him, they repeat Pozzo's words to add definition and to show their feelings of sadness towards him, Pozzo: "It's terrible...he must go...I'm going mad...I cant bear it...any longer..." ...read more.

Conclusion

This chaos is shown when Pozzo appears to have lost his pipe, Estragon says "He's a scream. He's lost his dudeen." This is a word coined by Beckett which does not seem to have any meaning, showing how Beckett uses language to confuse the audience, as it seems slightly ridiculous how Estragon makes up a word purely to rhyme with 'scream'. The chaotic language in the play seems mainly on a humorous level, for example, in the second moment chosen Vladimir rushes off to relieve himself, while doing this Estragon shouts "end of corridor on the left", even though both the characters and audience are aware they are in the middle of nowhere with just a tree. Both of the moments chosen show language to be in a state of chaos, thus supporting the opinion that nothing is certain in the play, although there are certain factors that make this statement debatable which should be taken into account, for example, Vladimir and Estragon's relationship, they have known each other for a long time as they share memories etc. It can also be said that the certainty of some topics in the play is left up to the audience to understand, through the situation and the characters. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Brian Friel section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Brian Friel essays

  1. Free essay

    Tensions in act1

    of these characters, they are normal people in a normal place, they are nothing special and yet each person can illustrate something different about Ireland. This is very compelling. With everything happening around Ireland it is hard not to find fault in their discussions.

  2. The language in "The Royal Hunt of the Sun"

    Pizzaro- ' I thank you for it.' The main effect to the audience of the characters using language like this is to show this friction between both characters. Pizzaro doesn't like to be challenged about his ideas and by having a character that doesn't see himself as any higher than the leader, makes Pizzaro show a different side to his personality when dealing with Estete.

  1. The language used in 'Blood Wedding'

    The Moon enters, the Moon is an unseen force, yet Lorca chooses to give the Moon a physical form, power and life. The Moon seems to represent the lovers' fate, through the verse we can see that the Moon wants to find the lovers and has the power to do so with his light.

  2. Compare the presentation of the colonial situation in 'A Passage to India' and 'Translations', ...

    level, the structure of 'Translations' is more concerned with language, or more generally the relationship between Britain and Ireland. Nevertheless, much like 'A Passage to India', 'Translations' presents an audience with three acts, which correspond to three developing movements2. Imagery in 'A Passage to India' plays an important role throughout Forster's novel3.

  1. How are the characters and their relations established in Act one of Brian Friel's ...

    therefore Owen's comment shows how he is perfectly suited for his role as the translator; he is neither pro-Ireland nor pro-England and acts as mediator between the two sides. A character that does not resist the prejudice views of his country is Captain Lancey, an English soldier that invades Ireland along with his men.

  2. “The cleverness and subtlety of Sheridan's use of language in ‘The Rivals’ is too ...

    Sheridan uses her excessive behaviour in order to parody sentimental comedy, for instance when she stresses that she was to stay angry at Absolute for 'three days and a half' as she thought was the correct way to behave due to all of the romantic novels that she reads.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work