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MACBETH Aristotle - "Tragedy is a form of drama exciting the emotions of pity and fear. It's actions should be single and complete, presenting a reversal of fortune, involving persons renowned and a superior of superior attainments and it should be written in poetry, embellished with every kind of artistic expression." According to definition, a tragedy is when a hero or heroine has a personality fault which leads to a downfall in the course of their life. It's tragic because, there is nothing that the person can do to change the flaw in their personality and this evidently leads to the tragedy. Tragedy is perceived as a reversal of fortune, a fall from a high position. Aristotle first believed that tragedy was reserved only for someone of a high status or noble statue although; modern tragedy does not strictly follow this rule. According to A.C Bradley who wrote 'The substance of Shakespearean tragedy', Tragedy consists of many things. "Shakespearean tragedy must involve the death of a powerful man or woman in high estate and be of an exceptional calamity..." (Calamity means, ' a disaster or great misfortune'.) "... The death must be a deliberate action of a man or woman. It must include events leading up to the death of an important character or main protagonist and must affect the well being of a whole nation. ...read more.


Away, and mock the time with false heart doth known" As the play continues Macbeth becomes doubtful but still agrees to kill the King. As Lady Macbeth has again manipulated him with a very powerful and convincing speech. Lady Macbeth again influences Macbeth due to his flaw. "How tender 'tis love the babe that milks me. I would, while it was smiling in my face, have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums and dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done this" By saying this Lady Macbeth shows her ruthlessness and her evil as she says, that although she loved her baby, she would have killed it if she had promised to do so. She tries to trick Macbeth into thinking it is the right thing to do by questioning his manhood. So that he feels he is not acting manly. "What breast was't then that made you break this enterprise to me" Macbeth evidently defends his manhood stupidly as he has been manipulated into carrying out his later actions. The play moves on to the forth stage, Anagnoriosis, as at this point in the play Macbeth realises what he has done and realises he will never be able to forget or forgive himself for what he has done. "Is this a dagger which I see before me, the handle toward my hand? ...read more.


Macbeth is a classic example of tragic drama and will probably be used as a prime example for many years. We know that initially Macbeth was a good person: - "O valiant cousin, worthy gentlemen" Duncan says this at the beginning of the play, not knowing that Macbeth will be the death of him. At the start of the play Macbeth was an honest, good respected man who was loyal to his King. When his flaw kicks in though he began to walk on a path of evil. A path which he could not leave and he could never turn around and look back. Macbeth shows this when he says: - "The Prince of Cumberland: that is a step on which I fall down, or else o'er leap, for in my way it lies. Stars hide your fires, let not light see my black and deep desires" This quote shows that Macbeth's personality is slowly beginning to change. The seed of evil has been planted and Macbeth starts to lose morals and Macbeth is only interested in what affects him. Macbeth is a tragic hero, his tragic flaw being he is weak- willed and he is easily manipulated. Macbeth badly suffered from a bad case of Hubris, a great arrogance that caused him to ignore his tragic flaw without knowing it, even though he knew that what he was doing was wrong. This confirms that Macbeth was a tragic indeed along with Oedipus and many other characters. ...read more.

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