• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Midsummer nights Dream: How important is the character of Hippolyta in establishing the role of women within the play?

Free essay example:

Response to Shakespeare

How important is the character of Hippolyta in establishing the role of women within the play?

Luke Allington

In order to answer this question we must look at Hippolyta in great detail, especially her dialogue, and how powerful her words are on perhaps the most important character in the play, Theseus. Theseus plays an extremely important role in the story, as it is his word that decides the destiny of almost all the other characters, as he is the Duke of Athens and the rest are essentially his subjects.

The play opens with Theseus and Hippolyta exchanging words, Theseus makes his intentions obvious right from the beginning, letting the audience know immediately that he is besotted with Hippolyta and is finding it hard to endure the four more days and nights that he has to wait before he can wed her. Although he seems impatient, Hippolyta then shows that she has the ability to calm him down quite rapidly with just a few words, which demonstrates the power that she has over him almost as soon as the play has started, with Theseus’s mood changing from a lustful impatience to a softer more romantic mood with just one response from Hippolyta.

In this opening scene Theseus shows both his masculinity as he explains how he managed to win Hippolyta in battle, but also his loving and caring side, showing that he does understand the meaning of love to the audience, which is very important later on in the play. The quote below from Act 1 Scene 1 shows this:

THESEUS: “Hippolyta, I woo’d thee with my sword,

And won thy love, by doing thee injuries:

But I wed thee in another key,

With pomp, with triumph and with revelling.”

Although Hippolyta does not have much more dialogue until later on in the play, her simple presence is enough to alter the mindset of Theseus, a good example of this being shown in the same scene when Egeus is trying to persuade Hermia that she must marry Demetrius as apposed to Lysander, the man that she has already fallen in love with. Theseus gives her the option of obeying her Father, or death, which we get the feeling would have been the only two choices available before he’d met Hippolyta, but then he also gives her the choice of becoming a Nun, and then gives her time to pause for thought until the day of his marriage to Hippolyta.

Hippolyta is obviously a very strong character and she can be easily compared to Titania who is the Queen of the fairies, and who also shows that she has a certain amount of power over her male equivalent, Oberon. With this strength that she possesses we can also relate her strong mindedness to that of Hermia, who would rather flee from her home in Athens to be with the man that she loves instead of surrendering to her Fathers wishes.

Later on in the play we see some different reactions from Theseus to something that Hippolyta has said, for example when they are hunting Theseus describes the cry of his hounds, however Hippolyta  then recalls her experience with Hercules and Cadmus and describes how good their hounds were, much to Theseus’s dismay, as he then begins to show signs of jealousy and reacts by insisting that part of the play as it’s overshadowed by the discovery of the lovers in the forest, however in my opinion it’s another example of how Hippolyta can instantly change the mood of Theseus.

Another example of similar behaviour between the female characters within the play can also be seen in the rejection and calming of the seemingly sexual advances of both Theseus towards Hippolyta, and Lysander towards Hermia in the forest: Act 2 Scene 2

HERMIA: “Lysander riddles very prettily;

Now much beshrew my manners and my pride,

If Hermia meant to say, Lysander lied.

But Gentle friend, for love and courtesy

Lie further off, in human modesty……..”

This diplomatic and subtle approach is very similar to that used by Hippolyta in the opening scene and is yet more evidence that the women within the play act in a fairly similar way. The only character that does not follow the same type of role as Hippolyta is Helena, as she seems to be easily walked over and used by Demetrius, and even tries to entice Demetrius to love her by explaining to him that she would do anything asked of her, as loyally as a dog: Act 2 Scene 1

HELENA: “And even for that do I love you the more;

I am your spaniel and Demetrius,

The more you beat me, I will fawn on you….”

This is quite obviously not the same role that the other women play, but it is even more noticeable because of the strength of them. If all the other women were lovesick and weak as Helena is portrayed, there wouldn’t be such an obvious contrast, so Helena plays a good part in that respect.

In conclusion I think that as Hippolyta is the first female character shown in the play, it is very important that she is depicted as a strong willed woman, who really sets the tone and the standard for which the other women seem to follow. It is very important that she is not shown to be weak and submissive as the audience would get entirely the wrong impression of the importance of these characters, and how they can influence the male characters in the play.

Page  of

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level A Midsummer Night's Dream section.

(?)
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Related AS and A Level English Skills and Knowledge Essays

See our best essays

Related AS and A Level A Midsummer Night's Dream essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    A Midsummer Nights Dream Shakespeare's treatment of illusion and reality in the play

    3 star(s)

    In the last act they perform the play to the Theseus, Hippolyta and the courtiers who heckle the workmen throughout the play, as it is so ridiculous. Throughout the play they grossly exaggerate their lines and use overdone alliteration in one of Bottoms scenes, he describes the moon as 'Golden, gracious, glittering gleams', this sounds ridiculous.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why is Bottom such a well-loved character? Explain with reference to 'A Midsummer Nights ...

    3 star(s)

    Bottom solves this problem as well, telling the other Mechanicals "Why, then may you leave a casement of the great chamber window, where we play, open, and the moon may shine in at the casement," realising that there is a full moon when they are performing and that if they opened a window then the moonlight would shine through.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The form and structure within "A Midsummer Night's Dream".

    3 star(s)

    All of the action in the play takes place over four days and four nights. The very fact that the play only takes place over four days, or four nights, although there isn't a dull moment throughout emphasises how action-packed and energetic the play is.

  2. Why is Bottom such a well-loved character? Explain with reference to 'A Midsummer Nights ...

    some plaster; or some loam, or some rough-cast about him, to signify wall; or let him hold his fingers thus; and through the cranny shall Pyramus and Thisbe whisper." Bottom in this part of the play seems to show another side to his character, showing that he is clever as well and can solve problems easily.

  1. The Nature of Power in 'A Midsummer Night's Dream'.

    Being the "ass" that he is, Bottom does not realize his transformation until after his own head has been restored (Act IV), believing it was a dream. He claims that anyone who talks about what he has dreamed is a fool, and yet this is exactly what Shakespeare does in showing Bottom's adventures through the night.

  2. Reasons why Shakespeare has used two different settings in 'A Midsummer Nights Dream'

    run away to the wood, his attitude towards their relationship changes, as instead of focusing on the 'true love' he shares with Hermia, he tries to introduce a physical side to their relationship before they marry. Hermia refuses, giving her power and control over the situation, which indicates a role

  1. What effects and atmosphere does Shakespeare create in Act 3 scene 2 of 'A ...

    This scene would be nothing without a little more confusion, therefore here is where Hermia enters. Hermia is in love with Lysander who now loves Helena. Now all the characters are frustrated. Hermia wants Lysander to love her, but he will not whereas Helena wants not for Demetrius to fake

  2. "Hippolyta and Titania are consorts who defy their Lords, but ultimately submit to their ...

    where men rule, make decisions, hold important opinions and basically are society as a whole"(3) Rich is basically saying that Shakespeare tried giving women a powerful role in the play to please Queen Elizabeth, but he also took that power away from them as well.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work