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Nature Versus Nurture.

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Steven Pemberton Nature Versus Nurture In The Tempest, written by William Shakespeare, there are many themes that are developed throughout the play. So a few of the themes that Shakespeare develops in The Tempest are nature versus nurture, prejudice and its effects, and power of the artist. Shakespeare's theme of nature versus nurture asks what the determining factors in someone's development are. The two most determining factors in someone's development are the person's parents and his goals, which can be shown in The Tempest. So the person's parents can be considered the most important factor that helps to decide the way a person develops. For instance, in The Tempest when Miranda talks with Caliban and says, "I pitied thee,/ Took pains to make thee speak, taught thee each hour/ One thing or other."(I.ii.333-335), showing that Miranda taught Caliban to speak. Therefore Miranda's own kindness teaches Caliban how to speak. But since Prospero raised Miranda, the kindness in her personality and her knowledge of a language must have come from the way he raised her. ...read more.


So parents can be an important influence in a person's development, but even with a parent's nurture a person can still act differently because of their nature. So after parents, the next most important factor in a person's development must be the person's goals. For example, in The Tempest Sebastian and Antonio want to kill Alonso so that they can rule as kings, shown when they plot to kill Alonso and Sebastian says, "As thou got'st Milan,/ I'll come by Naples."(II.i.285-286). Therefore Sebastian and Antonio's nature make it so they will kill someone in order to achieve their goal. Sebastian and Antonio are both nobles so they would have been taught to be civil and it would not be considered civil to kill someone, so Sebastian and Antonio's nature are going against their nurture. Another example can be found in The Tempest when Stephano and Trinculo talk with Caliban about the island, then Stephano and Trinculo decide that they want to kill Prospero and rule the island. ...read more.


Another way a goal can change a person's development could be if he accomplishes the goal then he will get something he wants. Therefore, there will be a positive affect on his development. One way a goal can change a person's development could be if the person fails, then he might want to work harder to achieve the next goal he sets for himself. Conversely, he can have a feeling of failure, which would have a negative effect on the person's development. So goals are the nature part of a person because it is a person's nature to want things and try to achieve them. So goals are an essential part of a person's development that is not nurture. Nature versus nurture is an important theme that Shakespeare develops in The Tempest. In The Tempest, Shakespeare creates many instances with Antonio, Prospero, and Caliban, which develop the theme of nature versus nurture. As can be seen in The Tempest, nurture from parents and one's own goals has the same effect as nature in a Pemberton 4 person's development. The two most important factors that affect a person's development are a person's parents and his goals. ...read more.

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