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Political context of The Great Gatsby

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Political/historical context America during 1920s enjoyed a consummate historical period - so called the 'Economic Boom'. Consequently, more and more people became wealthy. This resulted in dramatic changes in American social structure as there was a huge increase in the middle classes. People's obsession over their wealth had no limits. There was a big emphasis on individualism as the Republicans enjoyed widespread support due to their achievements. Perhaps this explains the attitude of the characters in the 'Great Gatsby'. Gatsby's desire for wealth and individualism was certainly boosted by his feelings towards Daisy. Daisy Buchannan - who had a high rank in American society even before she got married, could not belong to Gatsby's world and their relationship in the light of this period of American history was seen as irrational. ...read more.


America - a great social and economic experiment, noble in motive and far-reaching in purpose. Herbert Hoover (1874 - 1964) - Republican president of USA Furthermore, the Americans' position during the 1920s made them think that they are infallible. Certainly, this resulted in racism and over - patriotic attitude. For example, Tom says that 'Civilisation's going to pieces' referring to 'The Rise of Colored Empires' and defines Americans as the 'dominant race' (chapter I). This boundless confidence spread into different countries and the term of an 'American Dream' (that is - a dream of a total achievement of wealth) became more and more popular. Ironically, America's 'Economic Boom' was a direct consequence of the First World War when they isolated themselves and achieved a great deal of widespread wealth at the cost of the other suffering countries. ...read more.


Perhaps in this sense, Fitzgerald hints at his contempt of a Republican idea and despises the order in USA during that time. Therefore the ill-thought through American idea of desire for money descended from the 'Economic Boom' in 1920s. Having said this, we are not surprised when Gatsby describes Daisy's voice as 'full of money'. Wealth and competitiveness was considered as the norm because in early 20th century America such values had been seen as essential to become a politically correct 'American'. To become politically correct one tended, or maybe preferred, to become blind to human suffering. It is best described by Nick that "Tom and Daisy - smashed up creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness". Indeed, in this way, Tom and Daisy have managed to brutally achieve their 'American Dream'. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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