• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Presentation and significance of settings in 'The Handmaid's Tale'

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the presentation and significance of the settings in 'The Handmaid's Tale'. How effectively does the setting of the narrative help to convey the dystopian world which Atwood has created? 'The Handmaid's Tale' is set in the near future in what was the United States but in Offred's time is known as Gilead. Gilead is in the hands of a power - hungry elite who have used their own brand of 'Bible - based' religion as an excuse for the suppression of the majority of the population. Atwood takes aspects of our society today such as the decline of the Caucasian birth rate in North America, infertility and sexually transmitted diseases and makes a society within Gilead that combats these issues. Atwood states 'there is nothing in the novel which has not been done already by somebody, somewhere.' 'The Handmaid's Tale' is Atwood's version of 'what if?' in the most powerful democracy in the world. Atwood takes a common setting which is the United States known to us as the most powerful democracy in the world and takes issues which affect the world today and uses these aspects of life to create a horrifying dystopian novel. Gilead is frightening because it presents a mirror image of what is happening in the world around us. The first sentence in Chapter one is "We slept in what had once been the gymnasium." ...read more.


She is careful not to say "my room" suggesting that she has no right to belongings. Even relationships are forbidden and so she does not belong to anyone else either. She is made to seem isolated and emotionless like a doll. Significantly, Offred describes the main street in Gilead as a museum or a model town suggesting the people within it are also models. This makes the reader realise that this is what humans have been reduced to; they have a body but no emotions. The description of the room like Offred is emotionless. Short sentences with abrupt punctuation are used removing emotion from the description; "A chair, a table, a lamp." The room is simple and plain with very little in it. Offred states "They've removed anything you could tie a rope to." In Chapter five the reader is told that Aunt Lydia said "There is more than one kind of freedom ... Freedom to and freedom from." In this life the Handmaid's do not have the freedom to take their lives. Their basic choice of whether to live or die has been removed from them. The human becomes a vessel for in this case producing babies. The setting portrays a society with no emotion. Gilead is a factory with the sole aim to produce babies. ...read more.


This novel demonstrates that this society could happen. At the time Atwood was writing her book the cold war was happening and there were problems with both technology and pollution in many countries. In some countries there was also a declining birth rate just as in Gilead. The novel shows the reader what can happen when the government go to extremes in order to stop these problems and makes the society ever more real. Therefore, the presentation and significance of the settings in the 'Handmaid's Tale' is crucial in conveying the dystopian world which Atwood has created. Although on the surface Gilead appears to be a pleasant place it is mainly artificial described as a 'museum' and is truly a totalitarian state. The setting demonstrates what has happened from a disaster made by human beings. Offred is provided with a plain and bare room in a house which she cannot even call her own. Her job is to produce a baby for a commander and so she is merely treated as a vessel as are all the women within this regime. Gilead is in fact the United States, Massachusetts. Using a country that the reader is familiar with and writing about aspects such as pollution and feminism which are key issues in society in our time effectively creates a sense of fear within the reader. The lack of choice, freedom and isolation demonstrated by the setting is most effective in conveying the dystopian world which Atwood has created. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Handmaid's Tale section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Handmaid's Tale essays

  1. Examine how Atwood presents Offred's sense of self in "The Handmaid's Tale"

    tells her story to her 'audience' in order to regain a part of her identity which she realises has been taken away from her; and as the novel progresses she becomes more willing to rebel to reclaim it. Atwood uses the narrative tone to reflect the emotional state of the narrator.

  2. How Far is The Handmaids Tale a Dystopian Text, Specifically at the Regime of ...

    can live without fear of certain things. Although they live in fear of being killed for disagreeing with the Gileadean regime, they are mostly safe in the knowledge that they have 'freedom from' murder, violence and rape (however, the very point of being a handmaid is to agree to being raped forcibly, so this is an oxymoron).

  1. Explain how control and rebellion are presented in 'The Handmaid's Tale' by Margaret Atwood

    Other than the lip reading, whispers and meetings in the toilets at the Red Centre, other moments of rebellion include when Offred talks to the Marthas and tells of how she "used to despise such talk. Now I long for it. At least it was talk. An exchange, of sorts."

  2. 'There is more than one type of freedom, freedom to and freedom from...' How ...

    This suggests that people no longer trust each other. She must wear a uniform, luxuries such as moisturiser are forbidden and the playing of scrabble is likened to drugs, as all remnants of the old world have been banned. Her real name, which the authorities have replaced with Offred, is never revealed and she is not permitted to use it.

  1. Compare and contrast how far the authors of The handmaids Tale and Stepford Wives ...

    They hold signs saying "DO YOU BELIEVE A WOMAN'S PLACE IS ON THE KITCHEN TABLE?". Through the 70's Levin and saw that men's position of power in society was threatened by a new generation of women and Offred's mother is a prime example of this.

  2. In "The Handsmaids Tale" explore how Atwood creates a sense of isolation and threat ...

    Our first solely experience of isolation is through Olfactory, our first experience of this is in the descriptive narrative of chapter two, ?I thought I could smell...?, this is also our first endeavour of rebellion because it is something that the Aunts cannot stop, they have managed so far to

  1. By close examination of the themes and narrative technique, show how Margaret Atwood conveys ...

    This alienation originates from Offred feeling like she doesn?t belong, which is furthered by the language used to subjugate women. Gilead?s men are defined by military rank and profession, in comparison to the women who are defined only be their gender role and ability to bear children.

  2. Comparison between Soul Scrolls (pg 175) and Offreds prayer (pg 205) in 'The Handmaid's ...

    The idea that the Handmaids? minds are also controlled is emphasised by this because Gilead doesn?t let them develop, it uses machines and the role of people such as aunt?s and commanders to brainwash them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work