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Satire and Colonialism in the eighteenth century: 'A Modest Proposal' and 'Gulliver's Travels'

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Introduction

Satire and Colonialism in the eighteenth century: 'A Modest Proposal' and 'Gulliver's Travels' Jonathan Swift is an eighteen century English writer. I am going to have a look at two of his satirical texts, 'A Modest Proposal' and 'Gulliver's Travels'. They are both satirising The English ruling class and government. I personally think that satire is used by writers and people to make fun of something or other people, but in a more clever way, and sometimes the targets of satire don't realise that are being satirised. Swift was a member of the English Ruling Society during the eighteenth century, but in all of his novels he is satirising the English Ruling Class and the English government. Almost all of the books that he has wrote were published anonymously, because he was also satirising the English Monarchy. After the publication of 'Gulliver's Travel' Swift was nearly arrested and he knew that this was going to be the end of his writing career. Although Swift was a stout defender of the Protestant Church of England, he was chosen as a deacon in the Church of Ireland. At that time the politics party Whigs were the leading party in power, but he supported the other political party, the Tories. ...read more.

Middle

Jones thinks that the text is still relevant to today's politics and society. He suggests that the way English ruling class was looking only for money just like today's government and politicians. Moreover hand Katrina Dunbar, from Shelter, believes that, "We find we are up constantly against battle of people wanting to argue about, for example, whether there are eight thousand or nine thousand people sleeping on our streets. What I want to say to them is: wake up! if there are ten people sleeping on the streets, that is tragic in 1993" Dunbar suggests that by writing "A Modest Proposal" Swift made the English ruling class look at themselves and make some changes in the way they governed the country and the way they treated the Catholics. I am going to look now at another text that Swift wrote called "Gulliver's Travels". The opening of Swift's "Gulliver's Travels" is very believable at the beginning, but soon it becomes satirical. The most obvious technique that tell the reader that the whole novel is not a straightforward autobiography are the satirical techniques that Swift uses. Swift uses quite a lot of unexpected words such as "Lilliputians" and "Blefescu". ...read more.

Conclusion

In the final section of the novel Gulliver travels to the island of the Yahoos. There he meets with talking horses and the strange human race of the Yahoos. Swift represents the Yahoos as half people half animals. Even the horses are more clever then them and the animals are actually in charge of the island. By giving the reader a description of what the Yahoos are and how they behave, Swift is actually saying how savage the whole human race is. The writer is satirising the humans and their way of life, their behaviour and I think that Swift is actually representing the Yahoos as the English society to satirise them. At the end of the novel Swift is saying how great England is because of the other countries they have colonised, but he is actually saying exactly the opposite of what he thinks. I think that Swift's 'A Modest Proposal' and 'Gulliver's Travels' are perfectly satirising the English ruling society and government. I personally like it and think it is very true. I think that some of the ideas in both of the text are still relevant today and they don't only refer to English people, but to almost all of the other countries especially the idea about the way that the Ruling Society treats the lower class people like the Irish Catholics. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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