• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Second language acquisition

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ENG 1190 Term paper of Introduction to language Yung Oi Yin Didi (04007948) Comment to the language teaching method, combine with your own learning experience, choose one or more teaching methods that you think is the best. Second language acquisition is when a child or adult has already become competent at a language and then attempts to learn another. The goal of learning language is for communication and exchanging message. There are numerous of methods have been used to teach a second language: direct method, communicative method, (indirect) grammar-translated method, reading method and audio-lingual (audio-visual) method, etc. Normally, teacher does not use one single method, although he/she may have a leaning towards certain aspects of particular one. He/She may use a combination of methods, in order to successfully achieve the goal. For the direct method, it is also known as Natural/ Phonetical method. It is based on the belief that knowing a language for speaking purpose. Writing, printed note or word and learning of grammar are avoided because they hinder the acquisition of good oral proficiency. ...read more.

Middle

Because of not succeed in learning, it leads to frustration, boredom and indiscipline. But for reading method and the audio-lingual (audio-visual) method, even they are useful to language study; they should not quite totally be regarded as a teaching method. The former focuses on extensive reading with rejection of translation, which should be a everyday practice that can lead to building language knowledge; the latter is a sort of misuse of audio-lingual (audio-visual) material as a teaching method, instead of as a teaching aid. It tends to repeat practicing the dialogues drills that have recorded in a tape. This is deal to the case that in mid 1960's that portable tape-recorder and filmstrip projector came into general use in language teaching. In combination with my own experience, it is safe to say that with the assistance of communicative method, (indirect) grammar-translated method is mainly applied to English teaching in Hong Kong. In the primary, new vocabularies and Sentence structure are introduced to the students with a given real life situation. Moreover, grammar is increasingly important as they are promoting to the senior form. ...read more.

Conclusion

With a well-developed oral skill, teaching of grammar should be practical and relate to real life situation. Those are not capable can be ignored. Till the tertiary education, printed notes and grammar teaching are not necessarily important. Learner should have enough exposed to the language, and they are expected to speak in any situation, and to communicate with others fluently. Direct method is the best to use for putting the learner of a forward progress. All kinds of teaching methods should all have their strength and weakness. They are invented to suit to use in the period of time. But gradually, disadvantages are discovered. There is never a method that should not be applied; it can really help learners to learn the second language. Never just to blame for the teaching method and the fault's of the teacher, if it is unsuccessful to learn a language. Student's attitudes towards language should also be positive, patient, eager to learn and not to be shy of making mistakes. Learning from mistakes is a precious experience of learning. With a combination of suitable teaching method, good teacher and correct attitudes towards learning a language is the only way to get succeed in any second language acquisition. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Language Aquisition Notes

    5 star(s)

    and contemporary changes in the English language together with consideration of explanations of their causes and effects. Candidates will need to draw on their knowledge of systematic frameworks, so that they can see how change affects semantics as well as grammar, lexis and phonology.

  2. Creative writing and commentary. It was the year 2015 and Earth was exploring ...

    The other twist at the very end of the story is also to do with trust, but it was more of a friendship trust, Michael, who had pretended to be the family friend and just like part of the family ended up being a floggolopian himself, and also him being Ramani's father which was dishonesty from both Michael and Ramani.

  1. What is the role of adults language and communication in children's acquisition of language.

    Once the exposure to the child's language has triggered the child's capacity to acquire language however, language develops mainly according to a biologically pre-programmed schedule. Therefore, according to the nativist approach, adults serve as catalysts to trigger the language acquisition process, after which language develops according to innate processes.

  2. Using Effective Methods to Teach Grammar to the Adult ESL Learners.

    Therefore, teachers usually give some grammar rules to help adult learners to learn English. Providing grammar rules to ESL adult learners is the first effective way to teach grammar. According to the research of Long and Richards (1987: 286), Krashen and Seliger say "Unlike children, adults are likely to benefit from formal language instruction."

  1. Investigate the various learning styles and strategies of second language learners.

    As Haynes (2001) suggests, there are three basic language learning style, namely the visuals, the auditory and the tactile. Those who are visual learners recall better what they see and they prefer written instructions. As an opposite to those who belong to the auditory style, as they recall better what they hear and prefer oral instructions.

  2. This paper aims to: explore writing strategies in bilingual writers; compare first and second ...

    Much of the materials generated in L2 were not used in the students' written text (Silva 1993: 661). In addition, Silva found that writers did less planning, at the global and local levels. Global level means the writer is dealing with the topic area from a variety of perspectives.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work