• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Source Work : The War On the Western Front

Extracts from this document...


Source Work : The War On the Western Front 1.Source A and B are different. A describes how ineffective the use of artillery was at the Somme. The second shows the effect artillery use has made. The photograph was taken in September 1916 most probably at the Somme. As it was the largest and most important battle of that time. To decide how reliable the sources are a number of aspects need to be considered. The purpose, Source A is taken from an educational textbook examining Britain at War. It does not deal directly with the issue of Artillery Bombardment. The writer has probably gathered evidence about artillery bombardment at the Somme and written a generalisation about its effects. It is clear the writer had access to information about bombardment as the piece contains lots of details about the tactics used in artillery bombing. The photograph shows the successful use of artillery there are also some aspects to consider, why was the picture taken, probably to be used as propaganda to the British people and other soldiers in the battle. It was obviously published or the picture wouldn't have been taken. It is a prime example of success that the allies needed to boast moral. From my own knowledge the best way to destroy barbed wire placed by the Germans was to use heavy Guns. But unless it was a direct hit it wouldn't normally destroy it completely. ...read more.


So the sources are so different because Haig was victorious at his battles by advancing the line and pushing the German Army Back off French soil. Only to have done this with huge loses to the allied army. Historians can look at his actions and take them both ways. That he was sending troops to be killed to work down the German army or that using attrition he won his battles and was victorious. This is why the interpretations are so different as the historians have looked at Haig both ways. 4.Source F an advertisement. It shows a calm view if trench warfare. From the picture it looks like there isn't a war going on. Maybe this is because it is not an accurate representation of war on the western front. The advert is at the time of D.O.R.A (Defence of the realm act 1914) this allows the government to censor if needed any images to do with the war. From what isn't shown in the picture shows the government did censor the advertisement. To raise moral of the British people at home and the soldiers at war. Displaying how good life is, its not boring or difficult to cope with. The picture is a bad piece of evidence if looked at only to describe warfare if the western front, because the picture only shows selective images. It doesn't show the opposition, true feeling of soldiers, the affect of trench life, any marks left by German shelling and attacks. ...read more.


This then meant that the senior officers had no idea how to win a mechanized war. Nobody was really sure what tactics to use against them. The British tanks, brought in 1916, during the Somme, failed to make a big impact. Another point the war lasted so long was the fact that the failure of the big offensives e.g. the Somme or Verdun, to break out of the stalemate situation between the two sides by piling in as many men as possible and as much ammunition as possible. . After all of this the offensives rarely gained anything. The war lasted a long time because these battles failed but lasted a long time. As is stated in the footage in Source H. Because the battle of the Somme didn't end quickly Haig used attrition to ware the other side down. And shown by Source D the fact that Haig couldn't accept defeat. The Sources do help to show why the war lasted so long. It Sources D,E and F tell of the incompetence of the generals who made mistakes. Sources A and B help to describe and show how it wasn't always plain sailing when using artillery. And this also slowed up the chances to win the war. Source G explains how terrible life was in the trenches and how low moral was. A soldier who is unwilling and not enthusiastic won't perform as well as a soldier who is. The sources do help to bring some understanding of why the war lasted so long. Instead of a few month's it was a few years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. The impact of bombing during WWII

    Source B4 is a table of data showing the total civilians killed by raids up to 1942 in the major town centres of Coventry, Birmingham, Bristol, Sheffield and Manchester, it also estimates the amount of enemy planes engaged on the specific nights of raids.

  2. How Did the Blitz Affect Everyday Life in Britain?

    Most POWs didn't go home till 1948. Even then some chose to stay, married local women and never returned to their homeland. RATIONING One of the main aims of German operations in the battle of the Atlantic was to cut supplies of food and other goods to Britain.

  1. "'Lions led by donkeys.' How valid is this interpretation of the conduct of British ...

    This source is considered reliable and also gives the impression that Haig and the King were close friends due to the language used. Many people believe that Haig was appointed in such a powerful position was because of his relationship with the King. Sources B3, B4 (i) and B4 (ii)

  2. The Battle of the Somme 1916 - source related study.

    Targeting the youth as its readers, the book is appealing to their patriotic nature, persuading those of Britain and its Empire to sign up and fight. As conscription was introduced in March 1916, the government needed to win over popular support for the war, before people began to ask questions

  1. The Battle of the Somme 1916

    for their country, effective recruitment campaigns just helped them on their way to volunteering. The British public had reasons for supporting the war and hating the Germans without propaganda being used. One of the main reasons was that the Germans had attacked an ally first.

  2. Did the Soldiers Themselves, Give a more Accurate Picture of Trench Life than Official ...

    there was a lot of fighting and the men had lots to do. Denis Winter who is the same person to write source A2 wrote the source. From this information alone we can conclude that the source is likely to be reliable because he is a historian who is experienced in writing about the war.

  1. The First World War - The Stalemate on the Western Front - Source based ...

    War 1, they think of the hardship the allies had to endure and forget the Germans had an equally tough time. Source B gives us yet more reasons for the drawn out length of the war by telling us about the Royal Irish Regiment who when they attacked were all but wiped out.

  2. What Was Life Really Like In The Trenches On The Western Front

    Because the machine gun took about 4 men to carry it- one man carried the actual gun another carried the tripod and two soldiers carried the bullets for the gun, with two more soldiers protecting them with rifles. They may have also injured the soldiers when they got overheated quickly,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work