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Text A is an exchange of words between a teacher and a pupil, the type of speech is referential which means that the teacher is providing information and giving details

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Comparison of the spoken language People change the way they speak depending on their audience. An example of this would be if a teenager was to speak to another teenager then they are likely to use informal language, if the conversation is between an adult and a teenager then the teenager would alter the way the speak to be better understood by their audience. Informal language contains non standard English such as slang. The use of slang means the speaker is in a more relaxed situation and means that their audience understands the way in which they speak. By using more complex language and not including slang the tone is more formal, a situation of using formal language would be a teenager talking to an adult. In the two examples there are many differences in which people adapt the way they speak depending on their audience. ...read more.


The way in which he speaks throughout the text is also very grammatically correct, this is because he is in a formal situation and is an English teacher. The teacher and pupil have a clear relationship with each other and the lack of interruptions from the pupil shows this. In text B the two girls also have a clear friendship and understanding, they interrupt each other a lot which shows that they don't need to complete their sentences to understand each other. The girl who went on the holiday says 'aw right yeah these are the other people from the' and the second girl who is asking the questions about the holiday interrupts her and changes subject by saying 'did you get sunburnt much'. This is not because the girl is being rude, rather it shows that they have a clear understanding of each other and that they are moving onto talk about something else. ...read more.


This is local dialect relevant to people from Yorkshire and the way in which they speak. Text B also includes deixis like 'give us it' and 'who's that' these phrases cannot be understood by the reader but if you was there in person it would be perfectly clear what they were talking about. In text A the teacher dominates the conversation, this is evidenced by the pupil clearly listening and waiting for his turn to speak rather than interrupting the teacher. The pupil is looking for reassurance about an essay he has handed in and the teacher uses positive words and phrases like 'it's a very strong point' and 'you've quoted and given a good example'. In text B none of the girls dominate the conversation but the girl who didn't go on the holiday asks a lot of questions and dictates the topic of the conversation by asking the other girl how many pictures she had taken and then quickly asking what was the food like. ...read more.

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