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The Belzec extermination center.

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Introduction

Belzec The Belzec extermination center began operations March 17th, 1942 and ended operations December 1942. It is estimated that about 600,000 Jews were murdered at Belzec and probably dozen thousands of Gypsies. Belzec extermination camp was quite small, with a circumference of 1,220 yards. It was divided into two sections, each one surrounded by a barbed wire fence. There were watch towers all around the main perimeter. The first camp was split into two parts. The smaller area contained the administration buildings and the Ukrainians barracks. The larger part included the spur line which carried rail trucks into the camp, an expanse where the Jewish deportees were sorted into groups of men or women and children, the barracks where they were forced to undress and were shaven, storerooms for their clothes, personal objects, and huts for the Jewish workers who were employed by the SS to carry out the duties associated with the murder process. The second camp housed the gas chambers and burial pits. It was reached by a long, narrow passageway with barbed wire fencing on either side, known as 'the tube'. The extermination site was screened off from the rest of the camp by leafy branches intertwined with the barbed wire. Belzec, was located on the Lublin-Lvov railroad line, and built between November 1, 1941 and March of 1942. The killing, of Jews from Krakow and Lvov districts where the death camp was situated, began on March 17, 1942. ...read more.

Middle

Throughout the passage, Jews constantly tried to break out through the walls and ceiling of the train cars. Many succeeded but were shot by soldiers guarding the train or hunted down by police units. On several occasions, the train guards used up all their ammunition shooting escaping Jews before the train reached Belzec and had to resort to stones. There were 40-60 rail trucks, holding about 2-2,500 Jews, would arrive at Belzec station. It would be divided into two or three smaller convoys which would be pushed into the camp. The Jews would then be rapidly disembarked onto the platform where they were assured that they had arrived at a death camp .At arrival in Belzec men were separated from women and children and marched off to large huts where they undressed. Women had their hair shaven off. They were then brutally pushed to the gas chambers which were disguised as 'showers'. Initially, there were three gas chambers using carbon monoxide housed in a wooden building. They were later replaced by six gas chambers in a brick and concrete building. Carbon monoxide gas from diesel engines was pumped in to kill the victims, but in August 1942 Zyklon-B, the quick-acting hydrogen cyanide gas, was first demonstrated at Belzec. An SS officer, one Lieutenant Gerstein left a description of conditions in Belzec. He described how the Jews were packed into the gas chamber so tight they could not move. "Up till then people were alive in these chambers - four times 750 people in four times 45 cubic meters. ...read more.

Conclusion

Comparing the amount of space the Katyn graves occupied, only 12,000 bodies, or 1/50th of the alleged 600,000 corpses, could have been buried in the described area. 11. It's alleged in winter from Nov. 42 to Feb. '43, 4,500 bodies per day were dug up, but digging up 4,500 frozen bodies per day in frozen earth at the top of the hill would have been impossible. Even if the Germans had employed many thousands of workers, only a fraction of this number could have been exhumed. At Katyn the Germans waited from when they found the graves in February, 1943, until the ground thawed in April, to dig up about 130 bodies a day using local laborers. 12. Its alleged 4,500 frozen corpses per day were burned on large fires; however this would have been impossible as open cremations consume many times the amount of fuel as closed cremation chambers (about 120 kg of coal or wood per body) and corpse's burn very slowly in open air. Even if hundreds of tons of wood or coal a day had been transported to the hilltop, and 2 or 3 thousand workers had piled corpses on the fires, only a small percentage of the alleged 4,500 a day could have been cremated. 13. Heavily worn path in the soil appears to have been a skid for sliding logs downhill to the rail cars. 14. Rail cars. A woman about to be executed in Belzec extermination camp. The soldier on the left is a SS guard; the soldiers in the background are Ukrainian guards. Picture found on a SS prisoner Gypsies in Belzec before being sent to the gas chamber. ...read more.

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