• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The evacuation of British Children

Extracts from this document...


Assignment 1 - The evacuation of British Children QUESTION 1 In the early years of the second world war most of the fighting took place in Europe, Russia, North Africa, and South-East Asia. Effects were felt all over the world and more civilians were being killed then soldiers. Six months before the war there was just the phoney war where nothing much was happening. Heavy bombing was expected in Britain's large industrial centres, and the British government thought that children and mothers of young children would be safer in the country, so plans were drawn up to evacuate them from cities to country areas so that they would be protected from the war. However some parents didn't want to evacuate there children and they used alternatives to keep them safe like, bomb shelters, underground train stations and basements of there houses. Although these places kept them safe and protected them from death they were not as good as being evacuated. Being evacuated meant they were away from the major bombing areas and wouldn't be effected by war damage whereas staying at home and protecting themselves with the above would only mean they were protected from death but not from damaging pollution or war damage which, even gas masks couldn't protect them from. Blitzkrieg (lightning war) caught allies by surprise because of the speed. In April of 1940 the British army and some of the French army were pushed back to the beaches of Dunkirk by the German Army who had invaded surprisingly fast. ...read more.


This source tells us that the parents weren't aloud to go away with the children but they were aloud to see them on the train whilst standing on the platform, it also says that from the moment the children were on the train and the train set off the teachers were responsible. The source tells us what it was like as a teacher walking down to the station to board the train, it tells us what the children and parents were doing (murmuring) it then says they were to worried to talk...I agree with this, they would have been. This also shows that they were scared, worried and frightened, probably because for most of them it would have been the first time they had staid away from home without their parents. It may also of frightened them not knowing the people who they where staying with. We don't really know why the source was written, we just know that it was written for an interview or during an interview, it may have been used as background information on the teacher, as a "push along" for him or her. It may of made them think that he or she knew a lot on the war and would be good for the job. I think that this source is against evacuation because it says a lot about the murmuring and that they didn't know where they where going, this makes it very negative. Source C was written by Nina Bowden, in 1973 about 28 years after the war had ended. ...read more.


The source says that the farther of the boy isn't going to send him away this makes this source against evacuation. Source F, a film based on the bombing in London was produced by John Boorman in 1987 after the war. It tells us what it was like to live during the second world war, from a young boys point of view. It also shows that things didn't really change a lot and people could still have fun. With just a few miner changes, everyday life still went on. Throughout the film the family go through ups and downs but seem to get closer. It shows us that as soon as the alarm sounds they had to get up and go to shelter, under the stairs in bomb shelter or in the basement of the house, whatever time of the night or day it was. This was just so that they were protected and didn't get harmed during the bombing. I think that the source was made for educational reasons, it shows much more information than a text book and you can get more involved with it. I don't think the whole film was true but it was based on true facts, I think a lot of it was made up to keep the audience amused, entertained and aware of what was happening. This particular parent didn't send her children away until close to the end of the war, so not only did she have to protect herself during this crucial time but her children as well, this shows us how people lived when they didn't send their children away and gives you a mixed opinion on evacuation. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. How Did the Blitz Affect Everyday Life in Britain?

    Gas was largely used in the First World War. If gas was to be dropped onto Britain, many would die as there would be little protection. The government decided that the best option was to distribute gas masks. Thirty-eight million gas masks were given out, they were easy to wear and they had to fit tightly around the face.

  2. What is meant by the term 'The Blitz'.

    Books were also published in favour of the war by leading authors such as Rudyard Kipling. Spies were also used by the government to listen into people's conversations in bars, post offices and such. They would then write up reports on people's attitudes towards the war and the government would try to improve the situation in any way they could.

  1. The impact of bombing during WWII

    It is also an example of how someone felt personally even if they didn't admit it at the time as some of the comments would have seemed too hideous or inappropriate. Being a first hand account it was made shortly after and the facts and visual memories would be clear in the persons mind, so I deem the description reliable.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    People would often leave their home town or city in the late afternoon and move into the countryside. They would return early next morning after the air raid. Above I have listed some of the precautions taken in order to overcome the bombing raids.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at ...

    It took several weeks for all to realise that they were in it 'for the long haul' and that their relocation was far from a holiday. The biological parents of the evacuees were also evacuated with children under five, which gave the country community someone to blame.

  2. Why did the British government evacuate children from the major cities in the early ...

    The British government had an organization called the ministry of information which used propaganda in several ways: poster campaigns to encourage people to join the voluntary services and work hard in order to help the war effort, posters were produced that warned people of the dangers of 'careless talk'.

  1. The North Sea

    Most of Norway's crude exports go to neighboring countries, with the UK accounting for nearly a quarter, but only 5% of its natural gas liquids (NGLs)/condensate exports. The United States was the largest importer of Norway's NGLs/condensates exports in 2003, according to the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD).

  2. Why did the British Government decide to Evacuate from British Cities in the Early ...

    fair to assume that in densely populated areas, such as London there will be 50 casualties per ton of bombs dropped. Of these casualties, one third will be killed and two thirds wounded." This idea came from a Zeppelin raid on London and the bombing of Guernica.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work