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The evacuation of British Children

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Introduction

Assignment 1 - The evacuation of British Children QUESTION 1 In the early years of the second world war most of the fighting took place in Europe, Russia, North Africa, and South-East Asia. Effects were felt all over the world and more civilians were being killed then soldiers. Six months before the war there was just the phoney war where nothing much was happening. Heavy bombing was expected in Britain's large industrial centres, and the British government thought that children and mothers of young children would be safer in the country, so plans were drawn up to evacuate them from cities to country areas so that they would be protected from the war. However some parents didn't want to evacuate there children and they used alternatives to keep them safe like, bomb shelters, underground train stations and basements of there houses. Although these places kept them safe and protected them from death they were not as good as being evacuated. Being evacuated meant they were away from the major bombing areas and wouldn't be effected by war damage whereas staying at home and protecting themselves with the above would only mean they were protected from death but not from damaging pollution or war damage which, even gas masks couldn't protect them from. Blitzkrieg (lightning war) caught allies by surprise because of the speed. In April of 1940 the British army and some of the French army were pushed back to the beaches of Dunkirk by the German Army who had invaded surprisingly fast. ...read more.

Middle

This source tells us that the parents weren't aloud to go away with the children but they were aloud to see them on the train whilst standing on the platform, it also says that from the moment the children were on the train and the train set off the teachers were responsible. The source tells us what it was like as a teacher walking down to the station to board the train, it tells us what the children and parents were doing (murmuring) it then says they were to worried to talk...I agree with this, they would have been. This also shows that they were scared, worried and frightened, probably because for most of them it would have been the first time they had staid away from home without their parents. It may also of frightened them not knowing the people who they where staying with. We don't really know why the source was written, we just know that it was written for an interview or during an interview, it may have been used as background information on the teacher, as a "push along" for him or her. It may of made them think that he or she knew a lot on the war and would be good for the job. I think that this source is against evacuation because it says a lot about the murmuring and that they didn't know where they where going, this makes it very negative. Source C was written by Nina Bowden, in 1973 about 28 years after the war had ended. ...read more.

Conclusion

The source says that the farther of the boy isn't going to send him away this makes this source against evacuation. Source F, a film based on the bombing in London was produced by John Boorman in 1987 after the war. It tells us what it was like to live during the second world war, from a young boys point of view. It also shows that things didn't really change a lot and people could still have fun. With just a few miner changes, everyday life still went on. Throughout the film the family go through ups and downs but seem to get closer. It shows us that as soon as the alarm sounds they had to get up and go to shelter, under the stairs in bomb shelter or in the basement of the house, whatever time of the night or day it was. This was just so that they were protected and didn't get harmed during the bombing. I think that the source was made for educational reasons, it shows much more information than a text book and you can get more involved with it. I don't think the whole film was true but it was based on true facts, I think a lot of it was made up to keep the audience amused, entertained and aware of what was happening. This particular parent didn't send her children away until close to the end of the war, so not only did she have to protect herself during this crucial time but her children as well, this shows us how people lived when they didn't send their children away and gives you a mixed opinion on evacuation. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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