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The following reasons were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the western front was finally broken, New technology, The American entry into the war, The blockading of the German ports, and The German offensive in March 1918.

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Introduction

The following reasons were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the western front was finally broken: * New technology * The American entry into the war * The blockading of the German ports * The German offensive in March 1918 Do you agree? I agree with that statement to a certain extent. However, I think that some reasons were more important than others; here are the reasons why I think this: New Technologies The new weapons that evolved during WWI were machine guns, and aeroplanes. New Technologies helped to break the stalemate and maintain the break by using each individual weapon and using them together. The radio linked divisions of men together, so they knew what each other were doing. Radios were used and each allied aircraft was fitted with a radio so artillery could react quickly to changes on the battlefield. Improved accuracy of British artillery made this even more effective. These radios could also be used to direct companies of infantry so that they did not outrun friendly artillery support. Modern warfare requires fast, accurate, and reliable communications. For the mobilization, transport, and deployment of troops, the railways played a major role. For the transport of food, ammunition, and weapons to the front, trains were supplemented by lorries, which formed the final link in the transport chain. ...read more.

Middle

German people endured cold, hunger and disease due to cut food, oil and chemical shortages. There were frequent food riots after 1916. The German army was also weakened and German people started to lose some of their support for the war. It was not, however just the normal people of Germany who were being affected. Lack of food meant that the soldiers on the Western front had poor supplies. Poor food supplies put them at a disadvantage as it made their army weaker, because they didn't have many supplies to live on, as food was rationed. This obviously helped to break the stalemate, as the opposition was stronger than them due to the fact that they didn't eat as well as the enemy, and the blockade cut supplies of nitrates, which was vital to Germany's Army for their explosives. The Germans offensive in March 1918 With the outbreak of the Russian Revolution, the German Army no longer had to fight a two front war. This allowed the German Army to move almost all of its troops to the Western Front. The German High Command decided to launch one massive attack to win the war. General Ludendorff was given 200 divisions and massive artillery support for his offensive. On 21 March 1918, over 6000 guns pounded British trenches for five hours. ...read more.

Conclusion

The German offensive also helped break the stalemate, as the German Army was now weaker, the Allies took advantage of the situation and defeated the Germans later on in the Allied counter offensive. The American entry into the war also helped break the stalemate as they constantly put pressure on the Germans to win the war before the American troops came. They also helped with the German offensive and the allied counter offensive. The one reason that I don't feel is equally important as the other reasons is the new technology. I think that there were too many things that could counter act the use of the initial weapon such as mustard gas and then the gas masks. There were also disadvantages of the new weapons used, such as the machine gun as it wasn't reliable in all conditions. The communication lines could also be listened to by the enemy or even destroyed. However, I also think that the new technology helped to a certain extent as they different new technology helped each other by linking them together. The radio linked divisions of men together, so they knew what each other were doing. Radios were used and each allied aircraft was fitted with a radio so artillery could react quickly to changes on the battlefield. Why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken? 1 ...read more.

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