• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The function of flashbacks in Death of a Salesman.

Extracts from this document...


English Hayley Porter 12NH Throughout Death of a Salesman flashbacks are used continuously, typically to present the audience with the Loman family's background and show deterioration. In act one we see the first flashback at the beginning of the play. As the play starts to go into flashback the backdrop changes from the present 'Apartment houses' and the 'surroundings become covered in leaves.' The first sign of the Loman's happy past. Willy is talking sense and telling Biff to watch his schooling, giving him good advice, and then he shows his wealth, polishing the car talking about the hammock that Willy is going to buy, to the punch bag that Willy bought his sons. This all seems too good to be true and as the flashbacks are taking place throughout the play we begin to see a tragic hero uncovered, Willy. The flashbacks show his highs from the past but the reality now is his present, and his falls. As the flashback begins to uncover, We see that the past is arriving on stage before the present has left. ...read more.


We see the betrayal of Willy toward Linda when the Woman mentions the stockings, 'Thanks for the stockings, I love a lot of stockings.' We see Ben arrive in the next flashback; Charley and Willy are playing a game of cards. This flashback is interrupting and causes confusion to the onset characters present. Willy at this point is becoming seemly mad to Charley, as Willy is mixing up Charley and Ben. As Ben enters a flashback the stage directions note that his 'music' is being played. As he becomes more apparent so does the music, 'First distantly, then closer, closer.' Ben is alone with Willy and this shows the pressure that Willy is under. At the end of this flashback we see Willy walking through to the present. Willy is arguing with nobody only the past and this is used as a device for the characters present Bernard and Jenny to show what effect Willy is having on people, 'Your father gets all upset everytime he comes', Willy has inhabited another existence, talking to himself. In act two there is the most significant flashback of the play, this explains why Willy and Biff fell out. ...read more.


They show that a successful dream is in the air that being Bernard. The costumes, make-up moods and hair are also different in the past as the play presents a younger character for example, 'Biff, in his high-school sweater.' The Loman family are happier in the past and so we hear, 'The gay music of the boys.' The backdrop changes frequently. We see this primarily in the first flashback page 15 when the skyscrapers change to trees and leaves. This shows the environment, which the Loman family used to live in. The function of flashback in Death of a Salesman has proven to be successful. It helps to show the contrast between the past and the present, an insight into Willie's behaviour, and also explains the decline that Willy is experiencing in throughout his life. The variety of moods, location and atmosphere throughout the play and its flashbacks make it easier for the audience to comprehend and get an in sight into the characters personality. This play makes it easy for the audience to relate to the characters and their lives. What the Loman's are going through is a part of reality of which many people have to deal with everyday and so by incorporating flashbacks into the script makes the theme more accessible to understand. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Arthur Miller essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Death of a Salesman: Is Willy Loman a tragic hero or a tragic victim?

    5 star(s)

    This is because it is questionable as to whether Willy Loman has any control over his destiny at all, as although he is in command of his body and actions, the American Dream has polluted his mind to such an extent that he can barely grasp reality.

  2. Quotes from All My Sons

    That's important, you know"p130 Suggests that Chris can afford to be idealistic sue values materialism "As soon as a woman supports a man, he owes her something. You can never owe somebody something without resenting them"p130 Money affects relationships "I...

  1. Character Analysis - Willy Loman

    This is probably because this is not the sort of attitude she wants to teach her sons to have. She also wants to teach her family to be happy with what they have and not need more. Linda is shown to care very much about Willy when she says to

  2. Willy's First Flashback (Death of a Salesman)

    How does Miller prepare us not to fully trust Willy's perception of events? � We are prepared by his inconsistencies, his self-contradictory statements. Find examples of this in the dialogue. � Willy: ...America is full of beautiful towns and fine, upstanding people.

  1. Death Of A Salesman, Willy Loman analysis

    and "Where were all the people he knew". From this it is apparent that he was not as popular as he made out to be, which I believe is why the reader must feel a great amount of sympathy for Willy. After everything he has ever wished for in his life nothing has come to fruition, neither of

  2. An Analysis of the Dramatic Impact of the Restaurant Scene in Death of a ...

    disparity, as he realises what a blind and fake kind of vision he lived for. It is actually this very idea that can be very appealing. It teaches a lesson about life, success and failure. How a man, fixed on a blind vision, realises that it is not superficial values

  1. Death of a Salesman Discuss the significance of the flashbacks. Why are they ...

    Maybe his father would have liked Biff to follow in his footsteps, but Biff prefers to be outdoors, surrounded by nature. In the same flashback, Willy tells Biff to 'be careful with those girls' which tells us that Biff was very popular amongst the girls and therefore was probably popular with everyone.

  2. A View From The Bridge involves the audience and their emotions.

    whisky slipped from a net while being unloaded," Which may explain his actions. The next scene is the last scene where Alfieri is seen in his office with Eddie. It is just after the 3 kisses scene, and helps to calm the tension.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work