• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The purpose of dystopian literature is to dehumanize the individual To what extent do the novels Nineteen Eighty Four and the Road support or refute this view?

Extracts from this document...


'The purpose of dystopian literature is to dehumanize the individual' To what extent do the novels Nineteen Eighty Four and the Road support or refute this view? The dystopian novels The Road and Nineteen Eighty Four demonstrate the push and pull between the utopian and dystopian societies in their narratives. Dystopian literature often seems to be a deterrent to the reader the nightmarish lifestyles presented to us by each individual protagonist characters dehumanized due to the desolate and barren lifestyles presented in each text. However, despite this, the bleak settings seem to send messages of optimism, and to some extent hope, through the interactions of characters in each novel. In The Road the boy and the father are seen to be two people left who are not dehumanized by the new apocalyptic society. They do not conform to cannibalism, rape or murder; however their humanity is tested through the desolate landscapes and their lack of human contact and refusal to help those they do meet in this new society. Although the father only has the boy his humanity is clear as they are "each other worlds entire" showing he only lives for his son. ...read more.


Through the allusions to Everyman, where the Father in The Road, and Winston in Nineteen Eighty= four play as characters they also play a part of the Christian from the Pilgrims Progress, this is allude to the journeys and challenges presented to both of the men bringing another sense of optimism to themselves and to the reader. While this journey tends to out way the dangers and hardships they are going face on their way. McCarthy's journey is a pilgrimage, the father and boy are searching for a place of hope, and it is a contrast with Winston. He is searching for truth in a society that is created through lies, and manufactured stories of the past. Religion seems to be absent in The Road there is no god, but a slight biblical reference "There is no God, we're his prophets" suggesting that he and the boy are meant to spread the knowledge of the last society. He said "if he is not the word of God, God never spoke". McCarthy seems to use "taken them from this world". So that we would think the prophets were taken from this world, and suggest a Religious war may have destroyed civilisation. ...read more.


Eventually, the worlds which Orwell and McCarthy create dehumanise the individuals from their societies in the protagonists eyes, therefore making them outcasts from their societies, the lack of justice present backs this, as they both have lost legal systems and punishments are not officially known, although in the Road justice as the new post apocalyptic society seems to be chaos. Winston is an outcast but no one else seems to care or even notices and therefore he is dehumanised although he does conform in the end, it is forced on him whereas the father and the son are outcasts within the Road as two of the few people left who are not dehumanized by the new apocalyptic society. They do not conform making them different as they try to hold on to the fathers past giving them aspects of atavism, and an outcast for it, these characters usually can not survive in the new society, Neither society is allowed privacy, someone is always looking into their lives whether they are a controlling leader or a cannibal ?? ?? ?? ?? English Literature Coursework Draft Words - 2013 Jessica-Sue Shawcross Mr. Newman ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level George Orwell section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level George Orwell essays

  1. George Orwell, one of English literatures most important and famous writers, draws the picture ...

    Deleting complex words and limiting language also limits the thoughts of people and enables the party to delete certain concepts from people's minds. As Syme explains Winston how important it is to change the language he says, "Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought?

  2. GEORGE ORWELL A comparative study of Burmese Days, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty- ...

    After two rejections from publishers Orwell wrote Burmese Days (published in 1934), a book based on his experiences in the colonial service. We owe the rescue of Down and Out to Mabel Firez. She was asked to destroy the script, but she saved it.

  1. George Orwell - "Shooting an Elephant" (1936).

    He describes the crowd as looking at him as a "conjuror about to perform a trick". The 'magician', the centre of attention, if not the object of respect, at a show, usually with an audience half hoping he will fail; clear parallels to Orwell, surrounded by the mocking Burmese.

  2. "Utopia is no place". How does the Utopian and dystopian fiction you have studied ...

    Utopia sits in the span between worldly pragmatism and philosophical idealism. It is a working society in which there is no evil, but the book can offer no means by which an existing society might be transformed into a Utopian model.

  1. Presentation of dreams in Nineteen Eighty Four

    he had lost, because it now "belonged to the past" and a sense of regret for forsaking his mother and sister for his selfish and superficial needs is easily identifiable when Winston recounts his dreams. To him, unconditional love is authentic, pure, genuine and personal, an emotion that one felt for others, and transcended oneself.

  2. How far does 1984 reflect the times in which it was written and how ...

    (The Worlds Most Evil Men). However, Churchill was also "recognised for his skill in altering peoples minds"(The History Of World War II) which could be interpreted that, the people of the 1940's were being manipulated, regardless of their countries political status.

  1. Thinking About George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)

    They continue on to have a love affair and are eventually asked to meet with O'Brien. O'Brien being a high-ranking party member was thought to work for the Brotherhood, an anti-party group. O'Brien is then revealed to be a party member and has the thought police take him to the Ministry of Love.

  2. Orwell uses several different writing styles in

    This is clearly done solely to disgust the reader. Orwell also uses onomatopoeias "slaps" in order to stress the manhandling of the food that is being prepared. The humour found in this passage, is found in the stereo typical cook.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work