• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The social, cultural and economic influences on the learning and use of language

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

(1,512 words) The social, cultural and economic influences on the learning and use of language Introduction It is estimated that approximately one in five adults have low literacy skills. Low levels of literacy have been linked to poor acquisition of language skills at an early age and this in turn has been directly linked to social exclusion. This study will start by looking at the context in which we use language and how this shapes what we say and how we say it. It will also look at dialect and accent and examine their relationship with society. This raises questions about 'Standard English' and how attitudes to this have developed over time. The study will conclude by examining the direct link between poor literacy/language skills and social exclusion and how this impacts on society both in terms of the individual and the economy as a whole. The importance of context in language use The situation in which we find ourselves, who we are with, where we are, what we have to say and how we have to say it are all massive influences on our spoken and written language. ...read more.

Middle

In spoken form it is used in formal situations such as business negotiations, public announcements and news broadcasts. In written form it is used in such formal documents as essays, business letters, notices, reports and memos. In Britain, the prestige accent associated with Standard English is Received Pronunciation and all forms of slang, dialect and grammatical deviation have historically been regarded as non-standard. The notion of Received Pronunciation sometimes still persists as though there is some kind of standard we should aspire to and that any variations from this standard are in some way inferior. Whilst most educated writers use Standard English in all texts, more liberal attitudes have evolved with regard to spoken language. In a multi-cultural society, non-standard accents and word forms are increasingly acceptable and the concepts of Standard English and Received Pronunciation as standards of correctness have become less important. Standard English itself is now considered to be a dialect of English equal with regional accents. For example, it is fairly common for a speaker to use Standard English and deliver it with a regional accent. Crystal (1995) notes that although we have no problem enjoying dialect literature and laughing at dialect jokes, at the same time we still make harshly critical judgements about ways of speaking that are not the same as our own. ...read more.

Conclusion

Conclusion There are many influences on an individual's language. The social situation and the 'appropriateness' of language determine not only what we have to say but, just as importantly, how we say it. Accent and dialect reveal something about an individual and can be linked to regional, social or personal circumstances. Although historically 'Standard English' and 'Received Pronunciation' have been regarded as socially superior, this is now becoming less so. 'Standard English' is still important, however, as it is the written form most appropriately accepted in formal documents. Research has been done to support the notion that the primary carer/child relationship has a crucial influence on the language attainment of a child and that this attainment will have a huge impact on the learning of the individual more widely. People at risk of social exclusion and its associated problems of low income, ill health and unemployment are far more likely to have low language/literacy skills. Moreover, lack of basic skills is a major barrier to employment, training or progression at work and if we are to compete on a global level, we need to have a highly skilled, adaptable workforce. The cost of failing to deal with the problem is significant - not just to the individual, but also to employers and the economy as a whole. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Language Aquisition Notes

    5 star(s)

    But how would we coin new words? (This is the problem in France - the Acad�mie fran�aise/French Academy which doesn't allow for English loanwords to prevent the anglicisation of the French language - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_academy) o Damp spoon theory - language changes because people are lazy - 'I must own to

  2. Peer reviewed

    Investigation into the Judgements of Slang

    4 star(s)

    For the most part the predominant form of English is that spoken in Britain, but it is not uncommon to hear vocabulary that has derived from alternate forms such as the Jamaican Creole. The slang of MEYD derives from a variety of different dialects and creoles.

  1. An exploration of the extent in which childrens TV presenters accommodate to the participants ...

    In Raven the presenter uses mostly rhetorical questions, such as "Sarla brims with confidence and certainly has a head for heights. Is it enough to take him to the top?" and he asks very little general questions towards his participants, and Raven rarely clarifies the rules with his participants via questions.

  2. How do Politicians gain support through language? AQA English coursework

    The simple sentence "The taxes I want to make fairer, simpler, lower." suggests that under the labour government there have been irrational actions, Howard implies that he wants to put these right, and the use of comparative adjectives "fairer," "simpler" and "lower," connotes that his changes are going to benefit the public.

  1. An investigation into the similarities and differences between written social interactions through the new ...

    Amongst the confusing arguments and contradictory opinions, Professor of linguistics Naomi S. Baron conducted an experiment in 2003. She collected 23 instant message conversations from college students; 9 between males, 9 between females and 5 between males and females. She studied a total of 2185 transmissions.

  2. How does Arthur Miller use the character of Eddie to build tension in his ...

    She is enthusiastic about the prospect, but Eddie is worried, because he doesn't want her "mixing with strangers" and wants her to finish her education and is concerned for her safety. Beatrice is on Catherine's side so at the end he relents and gives permission to Catherine to take the job.

  1. Investigation into Gender Differences in the Language of Personal Profiles on Dating Websites

    in all three of the age categories, when the men and women in each range were compared separately. Use of Adjectives Lakoff also suggested that women make far more use of empty adjectives than men, adjectives without a clearly descriptive meaning.

  2. An analysis of variations in style in comparison to Standard English.

    These shared features could be analysed in future for the Asian community in Britain is increasing steadily is growing. Which words, expressions are being brought into English through them would be interesting to find out. 2.2. West Midlands The central town for this accent is Liverpool.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work