• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Sonnet

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Sonnet Explore aspects of the sonnet tradition through reference to a range of material you have studied The word 'sonnet' comes from the Italian word 'sonnetto' meaning little sound or song. A sonnet is a special type of poem. The sonnet is always 14 lines long and usually expresses the poets' personal feelings or thoughts; most often connected with love or death, which are two of the most basic aspects of human existence. The poem generally uses rhyme and metre to organise the poet's ideas in a formal way. There are several different types of sonnets which all accomplish this in a slightly different style. The Italian or Petrarchan sonnet was originally developed around 1350 by Petrarch, an Italian poet (1304-1374). Petrarch had fallen madly in love with a woman named Laura, but she was a married woman and refused to become his mistress. Petrarch wrote poetry expressing the idea of courtly love and conveying his own misery and his slavery to the love of Laura; a love denied. His verses contain accusations about the fickleness of love, the timeless quality of art and the hopelessness and devotion of eternal love. The Italian sonnet is divided into two sections by two different groups of rhyming sounds. The first eight lines are called the octave. This has two four line units that rhyme in the same way. A b b a, a b b a. The remaining six lines are called the sestet and can have either two or three rhyming sounds arranged in a variety of ways: cdcdcd, cddcdc, cdecde, cdeced, or cdcedc. The poem is clearly divided into two sections by the two differing rhyme groups. ...read more.

Middle

Shakespeare with this poem could have been mocking other poets who unrealistically and with the use of hyperbole compare their love to some object of beauty. Another Shakespearean sonnet 'Shall I compare thee...?' also displays how the 'rhyming couplet' ends the sonnet with a flourish. The first line of the poem: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" is a rhetorical question and a wise way of starting the sonnet because it makes the reader curious; as they want to answer the question posed by Shakespeare. The first line also has great riches of implication packed into it. 'A summer's day' is itself full of meanings, both lovely and warming. It represents the season of flowers, growth and love, and also when the days are at their longest of all the seasons of the year. The answer to the question is given on the next line 'Thou art more lovely and more temperate:' As there is a colon at the end it indicates that the next six lines are going to expand on this statement. Then Shakespeare pronounces that his love is superior to a summer's day as it will last forever. In the first line of the third quatrain Shakespeare says: "But thy eternal summer shall not fade." The phrase 'eternal summer' is in itself difficult to understand because summer is not eternal and the first time you read this line you think that it means that she will never die. The couplet then changes your mind completely, and you understand the use of this phrase. "So long lives this, and gives life to thee." This line explains that although she won't actually live forever the poem will always keep her memory alive. ...read more.

Conclusion

This appeals to the reader's imagination and helps them to create the picturesque place as he remembers it in their own head. In several of the lines, for example, 'That bathe the brown blades of the bending grasses', 'laugh and love' and 'watch with wonder-eyes' the poet uses alliteration to immerse the reader into the scene of gentle flowing water. In the second quatrain the verb 'loiter' in the first line creates an image of time slowing down. Repetition of the title opens the final quatrain as he appeals to our sense of hearing in describing Jamaican music as 'the fiddle and fife.' The final couplet is both the repetition of the first line using 'again' in a different position and the introduction of a new thought and feeling. Also the line 'To ease my mind of long, long years of pain' the word 'long' is again repeated to emphasize the time he has been away and the suffering he has experienced as a Black in a 'White' world. The tightness, compression and discipline of the sonnet form does not disguise but rather emphasises his love for Jamaica and his suffering since he left. In conclusion therefore, the sonnet has developed from its traditional form albeit still retaining some of the aspects Petrarch may have once used centuries beforehand such as an octave/sestet structure. It was originally a formal love 'song' with high ideals and a rigid format. Shakespeare transformed it and made the sonnet more accessible and fun for the common man to enjoy. The sonnet has since evolved further and can be used in a wide variety of forms and for an even wider range of subject matter and can be easily read by audiences world-wide. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 By Chris Davies ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sonnets section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sonnets essays

  1. Sonnets. There are three different types of sonnets, Petrarchan, Shakespearian and Spenserian, and they ...

    Spenser has compared his lover to flowers like roses and lilies "Her ruddy cheeks like unto roses red" his telling us that his lovers cheeks are as red as roses, he also goes on to say "Her breasts like lilies ere their leaves be shed" her breasts are as white

  2. "I will put Chaos into 14 lines"

    Some of her early ideas are "flood, fire and demon" (4). Her muse releases these chaotic elements, but they do not work within the confines of the sonnet structure. What happens next is that the 'Chaos' is trapped by the sonnet: "his adroit designs / Will strain to nothing in the strict confines / of this sweet order" (4-6).

  1. Are there any ways in which you consider that experiences conveyed by the sonnets, ...

    'So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.' These last two lines contain words that are all mono-symbolic; giving a sense of power and simplicity. A factual tone is used, emphasising the length of the two lines, and the slow pace chosen.

  2. I will be looking at the 'Sonnet' by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and 'Sonnet 138' ...

    The octave has two quatrains, rhyming a b b a, a b b a; the first quatrain presents the theme, the second develops it.

  1. Consider the Development of the Sonnet from the 14th Century to the Modern Day

    Donne writes 'One short sleep past, we wake eternally.' This quotation informs the reader that after death our souls go to heaven and we awake eternally. John Donne was born in 1572 and died in 1631 at the age of 59.

  2. Compare how the conventions of the sonnet

    By doing this Shakespeare is able to add more emphasis to the sonnets meaning as the reading of the sonnet is made to continuously flow just like his beloved's beauty. In Shakespeare's 'sonnet 73' we see a more conventional argument structure that is very typical of an English sonnet.

  1. Compare the way the poets write about love and relationships in "Sonnet" by Elizabeth ...

    Perhaps by saying "thus vainly thinking that she thinks me young", he is trying to make himself believe this, because he says, "Simply I credit her false-speaking tongue", so he actually respects her for considering his feelings.

  2. Analysis of Sheakespeare's Sonnet 73 "That time of year thou mayst in me behold"

    The subject throughout the stanza is the ?time of year?(CITE), as mentioned in the first line, although he then stems off, probing deeply into its description. He paints a very specific literal image of the last leaves of fall, clinging onto the empty tree branches.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work