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The Tempest.

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Introduction

The Tempest Long Essay Magic was a notion firmly embedded in the Elizabethan culture. It explained many things. Discuss the importance of magic in the play The Tempest. "The Isle is full of noises, sounds, and sweet ones, that give delight and hurt not. Sometimes a thousand twangling instruments will hum about mine ears: and sometimes voices..." states Caliban (Act III, pg 109) Within Shakespeare's text, The Tempest, set in Elizabethan times, magic is indeed of great importance. Shakespeare gives Prospero the ability to perform magic which allows him to carry out alterations to the world around him. His magic will eventually lead to the restoration of order following the disruption caused, or symbolized, by the tempest; the most obvious and important magical achievement in the play. From the start of the play, Shakespeare uses magic to captivate his Elizabethan audience and move his characters from one scene to another, for example, we are introduced to our first characters during the tempest itself, and it is through this created event that they are transferred to the safety of the island. Magic is frequently used by the main character Prospero, sometimes for compassionate reasons to prevent the suffering of his daughter, but often to make others remorseful and change their ways. Initially, one must examine the importance of magic, which was firmly embedded in the Elizabethan culture. ...read more.

Middle

Exhaustion has "dulled the spirits" and they are thirsty, hungry and in need of nourishment after hours of searching for Ferdinand. It is predictable that they cannot believe the feast set before them. Shakespeare conceivably used magic as a tool of importance to develop other characters of the play. The reactions of the various characters to this spectacle reveal their basic nature. For instance, Sebastian's response to the food is 'purely materialistic'2. On the other hand, Gonzalo, 'being the eternal optimist, looks for a rational and reasonable harmony within this spectacle'3 -- "these are people of the island ... their manners are more gentle, kind, than of our human generation you shall find." Moreover, he demonstrates his common sense by arguing against fear and superstition and recognises the necessity of food and drink. Alonso, being a king, also recognises the necessity of the situation. Again, magic within the text is demonstrated as an important tool in the character construction of Alonso, Gonzalo, and Sebastian. The masque is another illusion that Prospero creates with his magic, portraying the vital theme of love and blessings from goddesses. Chastity, which is supported by the masque, is used as a function of control by Prospero. Prospero uses his magic to restrain Ferdinand and Miranda from physical passion, this would imply that 'one would be preserving the social order, showing devotion to one's spouse and a dedication to the marriage union'4. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, it must be taken into account that at the end of the play, Prospero gives up his magic and will bury it "fathoms deep". His books also provide a chief power and source of his magic. These he buries deeper "than did over plummet sound". Magic had set Prospero above the human hierarchy, making him a ruler. Although this power had given Prospero great power to lead the others on the island, it has been 'in the nature of a god that he has led'7. Magic used by Prospero throughout The Tempest, indeed played in important part of explaining many themes such as the setting and context of the play; the atmosphere, the masque and the banquet and of course love and power. Shakespeare may have also used magic to make the play visually interesting and even controversial to an Elizabethan audience. Thus, without a doubt magic plays a vast role in The Tempest of explaining many ideas and issues. Gonzalo states: "We are people of our own minds and no one else's," Indeed, Gonzalo is saying that no one can control what someone sees or does. This is true unless one is of course, using magic. 1 http://www.awerty.com/tempest2.html 2 The Tempest notes. 'Coles' study guide. 3 The Tempest notes. 'Coles' study guide 4 Shakespeare's The Tempest, 'Cliffs Notes'. 5 www.allShakespeare .com 6 Mr. Mcmahon speech notes. 7 www.sparknotes.com ...read more.

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