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The Trenches on the Western Front.

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Introduction

The Trenches on the Western Front This is information about the trenches on the western front. After the German plan had failed they began to retreat. Then they decided to dig trenches and fight the rest of the war where they were and so picked the best ground which was not only higher but forced the allied forces to live in the worst conditions possible. So most of the allied trenches were only just a few feet above sea level and after digging they soon reached the water. The picture above shows soldiers walking through a trench. I am quite sure that this is staged, because the cameraman is very high and the second soldier is walking normally and his head is above trench level. But this picture still supports my idea that the trenches were waterlogged and this how many of the soldiers died. Here are two quotes. The first from Captain Impey of the Royal Sussex Regiment wrote this account in 1915. "The trenches were wet and cold and at this time some of them did not have duckboards or dug-outs. The battalion lived in mud and water." The second Private Livesay, letter to parents living in East Grinstead (6th March, 1915) ...read more.

Middle

These were about 2 ft. and 4 ft. 6 in. wide. Roofed with corrugated iron or brushwood and then covered with a minimum of 9 inches of earth. You were ment to go in there to sleep and if there was a bomb run but the soldiers wouldn't go in there of fear of it caving in. The main fear of all the soldiers was going over the top because there was such a small chance of surving. This is because the genrals are still fighting the old war. This is a simple cross section of what a trench in the first world war would have looked like. The sand bags were used to absorb shell fragments and shots from the guns. Research says that an average gun shot would penetrate 15 inches into the sand bags. Between each of the trenches was a space of land called no mans land this is covered in bodies, shell holes and barbed wire. This NEVER would have any plant life on because of the constant shelling. In the picture you see what the trench system would have looked like. ...read more.

Conclusion

1= Towel 2= Haversack 3= Extra socks 4= Soap 5=Iron rations 6=Preserved rations 7=Canvas holdall The French German border was protected by many forts these forts where the best of the best. These were defended by heavy artillery Forts were used in Belgium and France and to protect important towns or cities. Some of the most important forts such as Douaumont at Verdun, were considered to be indestructible. Douaumont Fort was protected by, two layers of concrete 1.2 metres thick with 5.4 metres of earth on top. A seven-metre deep moat and 30 metres of barbed wire also defended the fort. In August 1914, German heavy artillery reduced the best fortresses in Belgium to rubble. The same happened in France and several of these forts were stripped of their heavy artillery in order to provide reinforcements for the French Army. During the German Verdun Offensive in 1916 over 22 million shells were fired on the 15 forts defending the city. The French were horrified when Douaumont was taken on 25th February. In July 1916, the Germans were forced to transfer troops to defend their front-line at the Somme. The French now counter-attacked and General Charles Mangin became a national hero when Douaumont was recaptured on 2nd November 1916. By Ted Guest 9.8 ...read more.

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