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The war was fought by men on foot, in a flat open country that gave no shelter from enemy fire

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By Ayesha Rizwi Contents 1) Trenches 2) Home Front 3) Weapons 4) War : - In the Air At Sea 5) Literacy War in the trenches The war was fought by men on foot, in a flat open country that gave no shelter from enemy fire. Facing armies dug trences as fortifications from which to defend their position or attack the enemy. When the Germans turned onto the Allies, they dug trenches on the River Aisne, as a line of defence. By mid-October, two lines of trenches faced each other from the Swiss border to the Channel coast. These single lines were soon to become a elaborate networks of defence. The trenches were fronted with masses of barbed wire and with strategically placed machine gun posts. These trench systems were everything except a let down. There were different sectors dividing up the trenches. There was a "cushy sector", where the men could just relax and take a rest, these had little fighting where as "active sectors", there was lots of it. On "cushy sectors" the men agreed to an un-official truce to "let sleeping dogs lie". There were ways of arranging this without the generals knowing. Gunners would fire there guns at a specific time, to let the other side get out of the way. No one shot at each others toilets, in case the others did the same back. ...read more.

Middle

Lord Kitchners tactics was to use emotional blackmail ( see picture above). Kitchener set out to recruit possible millions of men if the Germans were to be defeated. 54 million posters were plastered across Britain of Kitchener pointing with slogans at the bottom. Kitchener was bombarded with queues and queues of men outside recruiting offices. Within a month, Kitchener was able to form six new divisions of volunteer regular soldiers, each with about 200,000 men. Weapons were crucial in the war. The faster and deadlier the weapon, the better. If one side brought out a new weapon, within weeks or even months the other side would have brought out a copy of it. This went on for the entire war. Rifles Rifles were the basic weapons for world war one. Many of the were repeating rifles. This meant that they could fire from 5 to 10 rounds before they had to be re-loaded. Some of the best ones could fire over 1,400 meters. Expert marksmen called snipers, were used to target unwise soldiers who raised there heads above the parapet of his trench. Speed was absolutely essential, especially to stop the attackers from invading your trench. One soldier firing 10 rounds a minute is better than two men firing 5 rounds per minute. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most World War 1 planes were biplanes. This means that they had two sets of wings above the other. The most famous British planes were: - The Sopwith Camel & The Sopwith Pup War at Sea. Submarines: The average submarine of 1914-18 was about 60 metres long & could dive a depth of up to 60 metres. To the Navy, this was a very high tech submarine but we have now devolped ones which can accomadate people more comfortable and can dive deeper. However between the 1916 - 18's the sailors had to put up with no toilets in the earlier versions of the ships. On long journeys, this could pose as a problem, so they took drugs to reduce the times they had to use the lavatory. There would have been a permenant stench of unwashed sailors & the toilets. Also they had to endure the permenant tossing and turning of the submarine. This would be enough to make even the strongest stomachs turn. The air inside the submarines was always warmer than the surrounding waters. The two most famous poets of World War One was probably Seigfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen. Below you will find a small section about them . Seigfried Sassoon. ??????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Wilfred Owen ??????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Below is one of his poems: - ????????? ??????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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