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The Western Front.

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Introduction

��ࡱ�>�� +-����*�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5@ ��0Tbjbj�2�2 ("�X�X��������������������8� ��v�������$yR��������PPP���P�PPb��b 0;�§ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½"b��0bw 4w b������w �b P��PThe Western Front Many troops were concentrated into a very small area on the Western Front where victory was expected to happen. However, it did not, and instead, many troops were brutally slaughtered in a stalemate situation. This was brought about by a combination of effective and incompetent tactics detailed below. Every soldier was equipped with a rifle and bayonet, but the trenches forced new weapons and tactics to be introduced, as close combat was virtually eliminated. The most effective weapons in 1914 were artillery guns. Any tactics employed by the generals were experiments, as all previous attempts had failed. Firstly, artillery shells were fired at the enemy from a distance of up to 13km, and troops would follow them up, taking over deserted enemy trenches. This failed because the Germans were not destroyed by the artillery fire, and so when the men got up out of the trenches, which was very difficult because "Each man carried 66lb - ...read more.

Middle

Aeroplanes were also developed during the war. Neither side had many, and due to the unsafe nature of primitive planes, they were first used for reconnaissance, and effective information could help plan offensives and locate enemy artillery. As their numbers increased, so did "dogfights" in the air. After pistols and machine guns were found to be useless, the Germans perfected synchronised firing of bullets between the propellers. This greatly increased effectiveness, as did the new bombing methods developed. First, Zeppelin airships filled with hydrogen made raids on Britain, but the effective defences of searchlights, guns and cable aprons called for the Gotha IV to be developed in 1917. The Germans dropped bomb loads of 500kg on London, killing many civilians. In 1918, Britain retaliated with the Hanley Page Type 0/100, and killed many Germans too. First introduced in 1916, tanks could cross trenches, break through barbed wire, go over shell pitted ground and deal with machine guns. ...read more.

Conclusion

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