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There Are Many Supernatural Elements In "Macbeth". What Effect Do They Have On The Thoughts And Actions Of Macbeth Himself?

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Introduction

There Are Many Supernatural Elements In "Macbeth". What Effect Do They Have On The Thoughts And Actions Of Macbeth Himself? Introduction William Shakespeare Between 1603 and 1606 in Elizabethan times wrote Macbeth. At the time King James I was on the throne he was king England during this era, and was deeply interested in witchcraft he also wrote a book called Demonologie (1597), which became almost a "bible" for all witch-hunters. In Elizabethan times witches and witchcraft was a big issue. Prosecution at the time reached dreadful extents. Between 1506 and 1603 hundreds of people (nearly all women) were convicted as witches and as a result were executed. Modern audiences, watching a production of Macbeth, are often puzzled by the supernatural elements. In Shakespeare's time, the audience knew distinctively what to make of them; they were witches, ghosts, and spirits exactly what they appeared to be, these were all important supernatural elements in the play because they reflected many religious and cultural beliefs of Shakespeare's society at the time. Throughout the play many supernatural elements appear, for example the opening scene with the three witches who appear in thunder and lightening, predicted encounters that Macbeth interacts with. ...read more.

Middle

They also prepare for their meeting with Macbeth: "Thrice to thine, and Thrice to mine and thrice again to make up nine." They use their powers and prophesy to predict the future. Banquo describes the witches to be; "So withered and so wild in their attrire. That look not like th'inhabitants o'th'earth Upon her skinny lips; you should be women and yet your beards Forbid me to interpret" Banquo describes the witches as different and wild and do not look like creatures from earth. They have pointy fingers a skinny lips and say they are women but look like men. The language used by the witches contributes to the supernatural atmosphere. They use rhyming verses, alliteration and rhyming couplets. "The weird sisters hand in hand Posters of the sea and land." Shakespeare uses these techniques to remind the style of speaking the have and to gain the real feel of their language. They add rhythm as they speak which confuses Macbeth and Banquo, which also influences the audience to believe the same, and their reaction to be puzzles as well. When Macbeth meets the witches he echoes the same words as them "so foul and fair a day I have not seen," this introduces the idea of prophesy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Macbeth's reaction to he ghost shows that he is terrified because he cannot understand the reappearance of the dead: '...the time has been that when the brains were out, the man would Die and there an end. But now they rise again.' When the ghost appears for the second time, Macbeth confronts the ghost and challenges him to be anything else but Banquo. He tells his feelings of terror and guilt and the ghost seems to disappear. I think that the ghost is a part of the supernatural elements in the play. Shakespeare created the ghost as an illusion he wanted the audience to believe that Macbeth saw the ghost of Banquo and to emphasise his state of mind and how becoming involved in evil deeds can lead one to lose self control, because by being haunted by the dead would be a living hell. Conclusion The supernatural elements occur four times during the play. The most affective is the witches as they represent Macbeth's evil ambitions and unleash Macbeth's evil aspiration. All the supernatural elements, which have occurred, have changed the character from being a loyal soldier to a murderous king. I think Macbeth is lead astray by these evil forces, which made him do what he did. Uday Chana ...read more.

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