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There are some dramatic devices and techniques that Friel uses to illuminate the play's central themes. These could be the structure of the play, language and translation, and the ending.

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What are the dramatic devices Friel uses to illuminate the play's central themes? (Consider names and naming, language and translation, map-making etc). There are some dramatic devices and techniques that Friel uses to illuminate the play's central themes. These could be the structure of the play, language and translation, and the ending. The structure of the play allows it to explore the theme of cross-cultural conflict and communication. The play could be about whether two communities can be together without conflict resulting in a change to the original community. In this play a change happens to the Irish community and they feel their traditions and ways of life have gone and at the end it look as if the whole way of life for Irish community is coming to an end. This happens as the result of the English becoming involved with the Irish. At first the audience is introduced to the situation. An Irish community is to be mapped then its place names standardised. The English soldiers are doing this and this means that the linguistic and cultural traditions of the Irish community may be compromised or destroyed. This is one of the complications of the play. Most plays will begin with a situation and then bring some complications and resolve them at the end. However at the end of the play, the whole way of life for the Irish community looks like it may be coming to an end. ...read more.


Yolland and Maire fail to express themselves or their real feelings towards each other sometimes and it could be that they love each other because they don't understand what they both want. Yolland wants to stay in Ireland with Maire and Maire wants to emigrate from Ireland to anywhere else with Yolland. They don't understand each other and this is shown when Maire says: 'I want to live with you- anywhere- anywhere at all- always- always.' It is also shown that they don't understand each other when Yolland says; 'I would tell you how I want to be here- to live here- always- with- you- always, always.' This shows that they both want different things. If they understood each other and knew that they wanted different things they might not love each other. Therefore he used the dramatic device of language and translation to illuminate the themes of failure of communication, alienation and love, because Maire and Yolland love each other without understanding each other. One dramatic technique that Friel uses is the way he ended the play. The play ends with a lot of uncertainties and loose ends. The play ends without us finding out what happens to the community we have been reading about. We do not find out if it has been destroyed. The play ends without us finding out what happens to Yolland although we may think that he has been killed. ...read more.


Instead he presents us with one language. This is very significant because it shows us the two communities who are alienated from each other by language without alienating the audience of the play by language. The audience will get to understand the Irish and their views and not be alienated therefore the audience will get to understand both sides. A dramatic device that Friel uses could be that the English characters show that they are unable to understand what the Irish characters are saying which reminds us that the Irish are speaking Gaelic, for example when Manus says: 'Doesn't he want to learn Irish? (to Yolland) Don't you want to learn Irish?' Then Yolland replies: 'Sorry- sorry? I- I-.' The final dramatic technique that Friel uses is using the character Owen to translate for Yolland and Maire. Therefore we can see the division of the two and it leads to frustration for both of them. We can see that they are divided at first because they cannot express their ideas to each other for example when Maire says: 'We wave to each other across the fields' and then when Yolland says: 'sorry, sorry.' We see that Owen divides them and stands between them at first until they are able to understand each other emotionally. We can see that they both struggle to express their real feelings towards each other. Friel also uses the character Lancey to represent all English soldiers and how they feel. Words 1,427 ?? ?? ?? ?? Wide reading analysis. English Literature Coursework. 1 ...read more.

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