• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

to what extent and why had soldiers' attitudes to war changed by 1918

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 3 To what extent and why, had soldiers' attitudes to war changed by 1918. In 1914 people agreed with war and men wanted to fight for their country fro the benefit of themselves and others. People wanted to join the army because there were many benefits offered, there was a lack of employment at the time and the army seemed to open prospects for their futures. Being a soldier was viewed upon as being as masculine thing to do and if you did not join you would have been looked down upon. People were told that the war would only last until Christmas and this encouraged them to join even more. The truth about what you would actually experience whilst in the army was far from what anyone had expected, it lasted for 4 years, the majority of the men who joined died and many men actually would injure themselves in order to escape the horrors of war. People saw that the war had not finished by Christmas and so lost hope in the war and joining voluntarily was pointless, they realised that they had been lied to by the propaganda. Women handed out white feathers to the men that were not in uniform, to humiliate them and encourage them to join the army. ...read more.

Middle

There is evidence that the prisoners awaiting death were angry and that their attitudes had changed because on the wall is written "fuck Haige" and "general Haige is a bastard". There is a poem called 'Dulce et Decorum est' this poem contains the emotions that the writer feels people should be feeling for the soldiers that suffered the gas shells of world war one. It says the gas killed many innocent people. It tries to convey the feeling that this produces, they want you to feel the sympathy that and gratitude that the soldiers deserve. Attitudes had obviously changed by the point that soldiers were creating horrific and insightful poems of this standard. World war one has become to be called Haig's war of attrition. This name means that the whole war was set in stone as one of failure and gradual decay of British soldiers and British morale to the fault of Haige. As the four years gruesomely passed with solitary rare victory and constant tragedy and bombardment, the commanders and few soldiers that lived through the horrific experience had no reason to heighten spirits or act in a victorious happy fashion, all they had to do was to become less and less hopeful. ...read more.

Conclusion

A higher social class or status would mean that your life is more important than those below you, the generals leading the war were more "important" than the soldiers fighting, so they did not consider whether it was fair or not to force the men to carry on fighting, all they believed was the more men we use the more likely it is that we will be victorious. Soldiers were told that they should be proud of what they were doing for it is glorious to fight for your country. A phrase that was often used was "for God, King and Country", this was meant to create a sense of loyalty and worthiness. If you fought for god you would be sent to heaven, fighting for your king you were a worthy member of society and fighting for your country meant you were passionate about your country which at the time was something to measure yourself to others with. Most of the country's attitudes changed, those didn't were na�ve and blind or had been a pacifist since the beginning. The attitudes that did change went from pride, hope and joy in killing another man to anger, sadness, bewilderment and foolishness. The people of Britain had been lied to and the outcome of this was extraordinary amounts of death, this is the ultimate punishment for humanity. Claire Hughes ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. 'Evaluate how and why attitudes to war had changed from 1914 to 1918.

    Hundred and Thousands of men sighed up in the first few months after being told it would only last till christmas and then you would come home as heroes, but it fact it lasted much longer, for four years. On the outbreak of war in August 1914, Britain had 247,432 regular troops.

  2. In what ways did the attitudes of soldiers and civilians change towards the war ...

    high again as the civilians knew that something was being done about them and their safety. This would also give a sense to the civilians that the government was working together to combat this crisis and not as separate units in completion with each other.

  1. In what ways did the attitudes of soldiers and civilians change towards the war ...

    These were mainly French soldiers. This would have affected British morale as they knew that there would be fewer troops to support them if they were required and that the allies were suffering huge losses. They could have been thinking that they were next.

  2. To what extent did the conditions change between 1914 and 1918? The conditions for ...

    At the beginning of the war, men signed up eagerly. They all wanted to be in uniform and see the 'show' before it ended. The hopes of a short war, wore off quickly, as did the enthusiasm. There was a feeling of bitterness and anger towards the Generals for their foolish plans.

  1. How and Why did war poetry change during the years 1914 - 1918

    The horrors of war were unknown at the beginning as the public had not been to war for a long time and were unaware of the slaughter and massacre that war would bring. When thousands rushed to join up, they assumed the war would last only a few months and would be over by Christmas.

  2. World War I: Propaganda

    The poster also suggests that if a woman's "young man neglects his duty to his King and his country; the time may come when he will NEGLECT YOU". This may worry the woman and to eliminate the risk of her partner neglecting her she would probably ask him to enlist in the army.

  1. In 1915 a British newspaper printed a letter from a

    was expected of them as they were "terribly unprepared" and had no knowledge of what to expect. "Their idea of war as an adventure had been proved terribly wrong." As the volunteers (who made up the bulk of the army in 1915)

  2. Explain the changing attitudes of civilians and British soldiers towards the War.

    By the end of the war, as a result of rationing, the diet and health of many poorer people had actually improved in comparison with pre-war days. Censorship and propaganda also affected the lives of ordinary people and hence changed many people's attitudes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work