• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is Hardys poetry dominated by relationships?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent is Hardy's poetry dominated by relationships? When looking at this question it is important to define what could be meant by the term "relationships". What the word immediately connotes is an emotional connection between a couple. A lot of Hardy's poetry concerns this type of "relationship" but he is by not so narrow that this is his only subject matter. However the broader definition of just any state of "connectedness" may also be taken into account when coming to a conclusion. Hardy's most positive poem about relationships is "When I Set Out For Lyonesse". It was written after a trip to Cornwall in which he met Emma Gifford who later became his wife. At the start of the poem the landscape is cold and desolate and love feels "a hundred miles away". He does not describe what happened whilst he was there and he creates an aura of mystery around the Arthurian Lyonesse. The importance of Lyonesse is emphasised by its repetition within the poem. The mystery is enhanced when he proclaims that no "prophet" or "wisest wizard" could guess what would "bechance at Lyonesse. He himself seems incredulous that he could find love because the outlook in the first stanza is so decidedly bleak. ...read more.

Middle

It is Hardy's first attempt to come to terms with the death of Emma and is written in the aftermath of her death. Unlike the death in After The Last Breath no sense of "numb relief"; unlike his mother's death Emma's death came relatively unexpected. The emotions are raw and the tone fluctuates between accusatory and remorseful. He asks why she gave "no hint" of her death which has "altered all". He accuses Emma of "indifference" but then goes on to regret their lack of communication before her death. Finally at the end of the poem resigns himself to the fact that "All's past amend". He says that her death has "[undone]" him and he is a "dead man held on end". Though their relationship before death was not particularly cordial her death has affected him deeply. Though relationships are a dominant theme in a lot of Hardy's poetry they are by no means the only theme. One subject which surfaces in nearly all of his poetry is the natural world. The natural world is used as a device to reflect emotions in, what T.S Eliot called, an 'objective correlative'. Hardy uses pathetic fallacy to illustrate the deep emotional connection he feels with nature. It could be argued that, in the broad sense of the word "relationship", these poems are in fact about relationships. ...read more.

Conclusion

The morals of the 19th century trouble Hardy quite deeply. In A Sunday Morning Tragedy he tells the story of a girl who falls pregnant outside wedlock. Her lover refuses to marry her and thus, in fear of the shame that would be cast upon her, she tries to abort her baby with a potion but dies. Hardy criticises the fact that her "plight" is "scorned in Christendie". A similar situation occurs in Tess of the D'Urbervilles and Hardy remarks that her shame is, "Based on nothing more tangible than a sense of condemnation under an arbitrary law of society which had no foundation in Nature." " Hardy advocates the "plight" of women who have to bare the brunt of such shame. In the poem the girl's mother declares, "O women! Scourged the worst are we...." One of the underlying subjects in Hardy's poetry is his agnosticism. In Hap he believes his life is dictated by "casualty" and not by the will of god. Hardy asks for a "vengeful" god; his view of the world is such that, if it were to be the product of any higher power, it is a ruthless one. He believes that random chance, or "hap", dictates his suffering. He explicitly links "pilgrimage" with "pain" through alliteration; he is referencing the sacrificial element of religion. Throughout the rest of the poems it is the lack of religion which remarkable. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Poets section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Poets essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Journeying in Hardy's "At Castle Boterel"

    5 star(s)

    It is notable that none of the Poems of 1912-13 allude to a heaven, and therefore Hardy's notion of immortality could be considered an irreligious one, achieved through human art and memory, not a religious afterlife. These humanist values may lead the more optimistic reader to interpret "At Castle Boterel"

  2. The Glass Jar (Gwen Harwood) Analysis. The Glass Jar, dedicated to Vivian Smith, ...

    transport planes, and how those same transport planes served to ferry home the latest corpses. This macabre shuttle service focused his mind on the chilling waste of life involved. Note the irony of the title. 'Homecoming' suggests a celebration, something in which family and friends can share, a joyful reunion.

  1. In The Going and Your Last Drive Hardy tries to portray the effects loss ...

    Hardy says how she "never...bid goodbye". He is sorry that she didn't say farewell to him. This portrays Hardy differently; not angry and blaming but rather sorrowful and regretful. Hardy is said to have been "unknowing" of her passing and how it "altered all".

  2. IMAGE OF EAGLE IN ALLAMA IQBALS POETRY

    In another place, Iqbal says that the eagle is above making nests. This statement, too, is not correct, but it makes good sense in the place where it is made and is in fact defensible. He says: I am secluded from the earth Crumbs or granules are of no worth

  1. Cold In The Earth question. This poem uses a lot of deep contradicting diction ...

    She uses winter imageries, e.g. 'deep snow piled...' to in keep with her emotions of frustration and despair of losing her lover. The 'deep snow' suggests Bronte's long, numb silence, and her emotions have been frozen along with the snow that covers her beloved's grave.

  2. Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore being an active politician of his age has written numerous ...

    In his play, 'The Lover's Gift', Tagore mocks such political leaders who for their own selfish reasons exploit the whole nation. He has drawn a caricature out of the King's character to show a contrast to the character Kumarsen; the King becomes a foil for Kumarsen.

  1. Fern Hill By Dylan Thomas, summary and commentary.

    began only after the Original Sin, so the child?s world seems timeless, a new world freshly created at each dawn. As in many Renaissance poems (William Shakespeare?s Sonnets 18, 55, 65, and 116, for example), time is the enemy, but for the Renaissance reader, Father Time was Cronos (Saturn), who in Greek myth devoured all of his own children.

  2. Thomas Hardy- the Walk Analysis

    Furthermore, only in the first stanza does he directly address Emma, but in the next, he is thinking to himself, not even thinking of Emma, but of his environment. This sharp contrast exhibits his loneliness and emptiness that he has to face without Emma, which is present in all the other Emma poems but presented differently.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work