• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Traditional pastoral characters are usually presented as unsophisticated and innocent. Discuss in relation to Brideshead Revisited, She Stoops to Conquer and Blake

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

?Traditional pastoral characters are usually presented as unsophisticated and innocent.? Discuss characters in the light of this comment. (40) Traditionally the pastoral genre celebrates the virtues of simple, unsophisticated life far from the city or court, in which the population is stereotyped as unintelligent and fatuitous. In Blake?s poetry, Brideshead Revisited (1945) and She Stoops to Conquer (1773), the pastoral is represented positively and simply through the characterisation of certain characters. However, in each text certain contradictions to this traditional view of the pastoral arise. In Blake?s The Echoing Green, Blake uses the rhyme and repetition of the poem as an evocation of the innocent bliss of youth and the pastoral. Blake uses an AABB rhyme scheme to structure the piece, the regular rhyme scheme is symbolic for the simplistic life lead by the characters such as ?old John? on the ?echoing green.? Moreover, the language used by Blake in this eponymous poem is simple and unpretentious and underpins this sense of childlike virtue, as Blake describes the ?happy skies?. The personification of the ?skies? also highlights Blake?s celebration of innocence in this poem as the ?skies? being described as happy is a slightly ridiculous scenario, mimetic of a children?s story. The juxtaposition of ?youth-time? and ?echoing green? suggests to the reader that the characters parallel the simple bucolic setting described in this poem, reflecting how ?all (the) girls and boys? are too, unsophisticated. Blake highlights the notion of Arcadian liberation through the recurrence of birds in this Romantic poetry, this compounds the presentation of pastoral characters as innocent since ?the ...read more.

Middle

The nurse is presented as jealous of the innocence of the children through use of colour. Blake describes how her ?face turn(ed) green?, ?green? could reference jealousy, furthermore it could indicate a malady possibly due to her age, which is why she wishes to return to ?the days of (her) youth?. The fact the nurse tries to vicariously enjoy the children?s innocence, ?voices of children?, suggests she is nostalgic for her own ?youth? which implies that this rural nurse doesn?t wish to be experienced and sophisticated but rather, ignorant to the ?dews? in the world just like the children. The nurse?s longing for the past suggests she?s living her life in a counter-productive way, implying she is stereotypical of a country bumpkin; unsophisticated, unproductive and nostalgic. Similarly in Brideshead Revisited, the character of Sebastian; who has spent a considerable amount of time living at the ?enchanted palace? of Brideshead, is presented to be ?in love with his own childhood?. Waugh symbolises Sebastian?s innocent nature which has been indulged by his time at rural Brideshead, through the motif of Aloysius, his teddy bear. Waugh uses direct speech though Sebastian towards the ?old bear?, this highlights Sebastian?s simple nature as he references his ?bear? as if it were real, just as a child would do. St. Aloysius Gonzaga in Catholicism; a religion to which Sebastian belongs, is the patron of youth, which reinforces Sebastian?s firm attachment to his innocence. Furthermore, Sebastian refers to his mother using the endearing, childlike term ?mummy? which suggests he is vulnerable and reliant on parental guardianship, much like the children in Blake?s Nurse?s Song. ...read more.

Conclusion

The song sung in said alehouse by Tony perpetuates the fact that he lives the unprosperous life of a rural dweller. The words ?nonsense? and ?learning? are juxtaposed in the lyrics to show Tony is uninterested in education, and furthermore that he is a lazy and unambitious character; which is how country folk can be presented to behave in the pastoral genre, which complements Vicki Janik?s description of Tony as ?the most ignorant of the country bumpkins?. Nonetheless, Goldsmith establishes Tony?s character as much more than this, as he is able to deceive the town folk into believing Hardcastle?s home is ?an inn.? Tony?s deception is also rather profound as he diverts Marlow and Hastings from the ?long, dark, boggy? road that they intended to travel. The numerous adjectives listed shows Tony as a rather manipulative character with more intelligence than was first shown, which is an anti-pastoral presentation of Tony considering country folk were thought to be innocent and welcoming. Through this Goldsmith challenges the stereotypes of the country, as Tony, an unsophisticated country dweller is able to mislead the town folk with supposed ?excellent understanding?. This farce encompasses the themes of appearances and stereotypes into the plot and undermines the simplicity of Tony and the other pastoral characters. In all three texts, the traditional pastoral which celebrates idyllic country life where drinking, enjoyment and singing are paramount is profoundly exemplified through the utilisation of characters. However, each writer clearly establishes a more complex undertone which challenges the stereotypes of unsophistication and innocence associated with the pastoral and thus suggests that pastoral characters can be deceiving and demonstrate characteristics contextually associated with the ?refined? population of the town. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    Hana does when she chains herself to him to repair the emotional trauma at the hands of her father. Almasy seems at once regretful of the circumstances that led to his lover's death and his own wounds and mystified by the passion that engulfed him, quite literally, in flames.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Within the three texts, Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh, Look back in Anger by ...

    4 star(s)

    Hooper had not learned of the ?epitaph at Thermopylae? or battles such as ?Gallipoli? and ?Marathon? like Charles but about the ?humane legislation and recent industrial change?[3].Although a satirist of the upper classes, Waugh was still an adamant admirer of the world he inhabited as an outsider, much in the

  1. Compare and contrast how the destructive nature of love is presented in Shakespeares Othello, ...

    This is because the brothers fear that people would think her a whore if she were to love another man of lower status; as was the case in Italian court of the sixteen and seventeenth centuries. This would therefore explain the cruel acts that Ferdinand committed to the Duchess since he had to do everything to protect his family's reputation.

  2. Free essay

    Discuss the way in which the female characters are presented in the Great Gatsby

    It was an old metaphor used to describe a woman who exploited her own sexuality to get money out of men. In this circumstance, Dan Cody was the man, who had followed the concept, 'Go West young man'. He migrated and along with many other families set up a base to achieve wealth.

  1. Women in the Gothic are often presented as one-dimensional as either the virgin ...

    distorted syntax to mimic the confusion of the rape and show her vulnerability) and her final submission to Satan, conversely, show her to be a more helpless creature. Milton, then, has incorporated both stereotypes into one character, the only female character in the first two Books.

  2. Vulnerability is one of the key themes that is explored throughout Blakes poetry Songs ...

    As Blake was not a traditional Christian this extract gives a possible insight into Blake's personal views and that he felt that Religion made people vulnerable and made them believe things that were not true however he also gives the more positive view that it gives hope to people.

  1. Short stories. I have chosen to discuss Can-can by Arturo Vivante and The ...

    and it is her he is thinking of at the end of the story however in The Blue Film, Mr Carter finds his wife extremely unattractive, ?one so often mistook the signs of frigidity for a kind of distinction? (Greene 1982:74)

  2. Compare and contrast the ways Margret Atwood and William Blake present the power of ...

    Westernized, they used to call it?. The Aunts tell the handmaids that wearing clothing like that had made them more prone to rape, which is what they tell Janine in response to her being gang raped at fourteen. "She was gang-raped at fourteen and had an abortion [...] It may not even be true".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work