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Trench Warfare - The Battle of the Somme 1916.

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Introduction

Trench Warfare The Battle of the Somme 1916 The battle of the Somme was between 1st July and 19th November 1916. On the first day of battle there were already 60,000 casualties of British troops, this was the worst day of slaughter in the history of the British Army. Nearly 190,000 men lied under the battlefield at the end of the battle. So as you can see just from this information the war was very bloody and tragic but it was not all a failure as that battle helped technology on fighting and improved it. The book which source A comes from is published in 1976 so therefore it is published on the 60th anniversary to remember or celebrate the dead that died in the Somme and so maybe he is critical of the battle. I assume the author is a 'he' because the source tells me he could have been in the battle due to the detail he gives us and so the only people in the army were males at that time. The source suggests that it wasn't so much as pain the soldiers were uncomfortable about but boredom and a lack of luxuries, 'discomfort... troops washed and shaved as best they could'. ...read more.

Middle

This source is not really objective as it shows allies as doing God's work. We could say the book was published to justify going to war. Source D is not very accurate because it's not a true reflection of what happened and there's no criticising of the war. Germans are put down in this source as they said to be 'cowardly hun'. The source suggests that God is the allies' side and if the Germans win the world would be evil so it's a just war. This source is useful in helping me understand why people support the war as this source helps raise moral and people at home would think God was on their side so they would support the war before the world is taken bye the Germans and turned evil. Source E is a letter written by a soldier called John Raws who writes about his brother's death so we must question the objective of this source, as John could be irrational. The source does not say who published it or who it was addressed to, but we must assume it was to a relative or friend of his brother as he writes his brother's nick name, Goldy, which makes it informal. ...read more.

Conclusion

The graves were not put there during the battle but in 1919 when the process of digging up and placing individual soldiers in single graves began. The death rates were very high due to bombardments resulting to huge German deaths and the destruction of barbed wire because some men failed to bring there wire cutters so therefore they got tangled in the wire and got shot as they were easy targets. The other reason for such huge deaths is that the Germans knew that the advance was starting so they get into there deep dugouts so that they would not be affected by the bombardments and when it had finish they would run out and shoot down all the British troops and allies, and to make things worse the troops would not be expecting the Germans to be alive they would walk calmly as the generals told them to slowly leading them to their death. Conscription meant that new soldiers would come to fight and these men would not have been battle hardened so they would not know how to fight or how to cope and that would have lead them to death. Germans were also in high ground so it was easier for them to kill so there were more deaths that way as well. ...read more.

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