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Use your knowledge of WWI to explain which two posters were published before 1916, and which one was published after 1916. Give reasons for your answers.

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Introduction

History Coursework - WWI 1. Use your knowledge of WWI to explain which two posters were published before 1916, and which one was published after 1916. Give reasons for your answers. Sources A, B and C are all recruitment posters trying to persuade people to join the Army. Source A and B are both British posters and in Britain after 1916, conscription was passed so that all men between 18-40 years old had to join the Army. This means that sources A and B must be pre-1916 as they are trying to get people to join, because after 1916 they had no choice in the matter. Source C is an American poster, and as America did not join the war until 1917 this poster must be post-1916. 2. In what ways are these posters similar, and in what ways do they differ? These three recruitment posters are all similar as they try to provoke various emotions to make people enlist. Source A is telling you that it is your duty and suggests that it will make your family proud of you. Source B uses emotional blackmail, deliberately trying to make you feel guilty and not a true father figure as you have decided against enlisting. ...read more.

Middle

The Government could not risk letting the enemies catch hold of any information so they provided postcards for the men to write home on that gave out no important information. If the enemy get hold of a letter with any details of actions, battles or places, the British Army would be ruined. It was also vital to keep up morale back in Britain so none of the true horrors of war could be reported back to the soldiers loved ones. If thousands of families discovered that their sons and husbands were suffering trench foot and living among rats in trenches that were being shelled continually, there would be a huge outbreak to stop the war and the Government could not risk that happening. 5. If you did not know the dates of Sources F and G, how else would you be able to work out that Source F and not Source H appeared with Source G in British newspapers in July 1916? 6. Suggest possible reasons why these two sources, I and J, give different impressions of conditions in the trenches. Explain your answer. Source I is just an advertisement to sell cigarettes. It is simply an artist's impression of trench warfare and this was the image that the Government had portrayed to everyone at home to keep up morale. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sources F and G were pieces printed in newspapers after the 'success' of the Battle of Somme. In reality, the Battle of Somme was a complete failure and 20,000 men were killed or wounded within the first hour and by the end of the first day the dead/injured figure totalled 60,000. However, the Government made out that it had been a huge success for the British. 7)b. Sources H and J were written long after the war. How reliable are they as evidence of what it was like in the trenches? These sources are likely to more reliable for the accurate truth of conditions in the trenches because the authors are allowed to speak their true feelings. During the war DORA would have restricted what they said, but writing after the war DORA has no effect on it. These men are recalling what it was like; their real inner thoughts and memories. They are not being dictated (by a cigarette company, the Government or anyone else) to portray it as anything different to what they saw it as. This is first hand accounts of the war from people who were really there; not just some newspaper journalist stringing together a story from snippets of inaccurate information. Living in the trenches will be imprinted on their minds for the rest of their lives, and suffering from trauma or shellshock just reinforces it. ...read more.

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