• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using Effective Methods to Teach Grammar to the Adult ESL Learners.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Using Effective Methods to Teach Grammar to the Adult ESL Learners Chang,Yun-Ting (Sharon) BLMC 501.01 Dr. Michael Reed Nov.13, 2003 Language is one of the fundamental traits distinguishing human beings from the lower orders of life on earth. Most people agree that the ability of language use has helped mankind to climb the evolutionary ladder; therefore, language use is an essential component to people's life in society. Grammar is a part of language and it plays an important role in language use. According to Weaver (1979: 3), the study of grammar will not only help people become better language users, but also effective listeners, speakers, readers, and writers. As a result, grammar has a traditionally central role in language teaching. Recently, many researchers have focused on the notion of how to teach grammar effectively to children and adults. However a learner's variations may influence grammar learning and teaching such as age, sex, previous language learning, literacy, socio-cultural background and so on. For instance, unlike children who have cognitive advantages in learning a new language, an adult ESL learner often tends to use formal rules in language learning (Harley 1986:14). Due to the uniqueness of each language learner, teachers have to develop different methods in teaching grammar based on students' needs. Therefore, this paper will focus on the area of teaching grammar by using effective methods to the adult ESL learners. ...read more.

Middle

With the explanation of the verb phrase and noun phrase, students can understand better the meaning of the noun phrase and verb phrase. Regarding the second area of teaching sentence structures, in the ESL classroom, students have typically been taught only simple sentences, not embedded structures (Abraham 1979: 5). Grammar texts naturally focus on simple patterns and are carefully edited to minimize the use of complicated sentences. However, students are aware that they have difficulties in reading newspapers, magazines, and textbooks when they involve into structures of real-world English. Insufficient vocabulary may be one of the problems, but teachers can not ignore that students need to be helped in understanding the deep structures of complex sentences. Therefore, teaching structural patterns of complex sentences is the first effective method to be used in classrooms. The purpose of teaching structures to adult ESL learners is to help them recognize the structural patterns of complex English sentences, understand the meaning associated with those patterns, and begin to produce sentences (Abraham 1979: 5). As students increase their awareness of the various structural patterns of sentences, they will improve not only their grammar but also writing skills because the ability of recognizing the sentence structures is enhanced. How do the teachers teach sentence patterns in class? Abraham states (1979: 7) that in the first few classes, students review the simple structural patterns and later diagram techniques that will be taught to demonstrate the relationships among the elements of complex sentences. ...read more.

Conclusion

encourage an inductive approach to teach grammatical rules and principles because grammar rules can be best explained when they are applied to examples. It is helpful for learners to invent or modify those illustrated rules by finding the clues of sentence patterns from context. Learning grammar by an inductive way often involves providing a lot of examples so that patterns of usage can be seen. Teachers and students will find a variety of exercises such as gap filling, rewriting, cloze, and multiple choices, which can be used in classrooms. In addition, some activities that involve problem-solving, observation, and awareness raising activities are also helpful for learners to be aware of and recognize some grammar rules (Carter, Hughes, and McCarthy 2000: 4). Exploring grammar in context can help learners to learn more inductively and encourage them to be more independent in learning grammar. Students will develop the skills they need beyond the classroom when they work on their own. In conclusion, teaching and learning grammar is not an easy task for teachers and students. Therefore, it is important for teachers to use effective methods for teaching grammar to adult learners in the ESL classrooms. According to the above, providing grammatical explanation, learning sentence structures, and exploring grammar in context are three effective methods that were presented in this paper. From my personal experience of learning grammar, I strongly recommend learning sentence structures because it is a very helpful approach. However, there is not a best method to teach grammar, the only effective method is the one that fit the students' need. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks essays

  1. Investigation into Gender Differences in the Language of Personal Profiles on Dating Websites

    Familiar with and able to enjoy(and understand!) Shakespeare and Pirates of the Carribean, Genesis and Schubert! my job: Building a proto-type, compact, hyper-insulated swimming pool (see powerswim co uk and try addressing 'sales' by e mail to contact me!), with a current to swim against, to present to a market next year.

  2. Investigate the various learning styles and strategies of second language learners.

    At first the paper is intent to deal with learning styles in more detail. It also reports the result of a mini research that has been designed to ascertain the preferred learning style of 5 of my friends. As Haynes (2001)

  1. Creative writing and commentary. It was the year 2015 and Earth was exploring ...

    gone anywhere, it all looked the same as the Spinnaker Shuttle Station. Daniel turned to the shuttle attendant at the door and said "Did we not go anywhere after all? It all looks the same" The shuttle attendant grinned and said "Yes sir we did, the idea was to make

  2. How successful is yosser hughes as a father? (boys from the blackstuff)

    Maureen admits this in an interview with an unknown source (scene 25). The play says "they all look desperately tired and uncared for" (scene 24). Yosser can't look after himself, let alone his children. His desperation to keep his children leads him to desperate acts.

  1. examining and exploring a review

    Ivanov uses double modifiers to describe a famous actor in the movie as 'bizarrely bankable' by using the lexis 'bizarrely' Ivanov expresses to his audiences his disbelief in why this actor is so 'bankable' although Ivanov could also be amazed about the actors performance that not only can he do

  2. TOK paper

    For example, when analyzing two distinct jobs like a musician and a surgeon; they both in different ways use: (emotions, reason, language and perception). A musician may show more emotion, when playing the violin at the opera, than a surgeon that is performing a heart operation; but this does not mean that the surgeon has no emotion.

  1. Outline the principles behind 'Communicative Language Teaching'. How do the roles of ...

    This sociolinguistic representation of CLT is useful and gives information on natural communication and what it is, but does not state how it should be taught in a classroom setting. There are three principles that have developed around CLT these are; the presentation of language forms in context, the importance of genuine communication, and the need for learner centred teaching.

  2. Integrating the poetry elements in teaching ESL classroom.

    In teaching classes of students from foreign countries, poetry can be used to teach the language, as they are able to learn the language without feeling stressed out about the new language. In my own opinion, integrating the drama elements in teaching English is one of the best ways to expose the students with the usage of English language.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work