• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using the poems studied so far; discuss the range of Hardys subject matter, as well as the methods used in presenting this subject matter to the reader.

Extracts from this document...


Using the poems studied so far; discuss the range of Hardy's subject matter, as well as the methods used in presenting this subject matter to the reader. The range of subject matter in Hardy's poetry is relatively small. By looking at the poems studied so far, and the repetition of certain themes this can be seen. A lot of Hardy's poetry is drenched in nostalgia. Of the poems studied so far, many of them reflect on a past incident. Past experiences are remembered in poems like; The Waterfall, We Sat At The Window and Castle Boterel. In the poems written between 1912 and 1913, these memories are especially painful because they were written in wake of his wife's death. The poems are almost acts of catharsis as he comes to terms with the loss and reflects on death. He looks back on seemingly insignificant moments which acquire poignancy because of what has preceded them. This is seen in At Castle Boterel when Hardy remarks, "It filled but a minute. But was there ever A time of such quality" Loss is an important subject in the poems studied. Loss is not only discussed in the poems between 1912 and 1913 but also in the poem written after his mother's death. ...read more.


Like James Joyce in the Dubliners, Hardy is presenting the effect of the dead upon the living. This subject is in no line more poignantly illustrated than in The Going; when he finds out about his wife's death, he sees, "morning harden upon the wall" Throughout his poetry he underlines the deep emotional connections that certain places have. This is explored in At Castle Boterel and Beeny Cliff, but in particular in Wessex Heights. In the town he is haunted by the "phantoms" and "ghosts" of the past. He is also haunted by his former self; Hardy used the word "chrysalis" in reference to the town, showing it as a place of change. He is able to find solace in the Heights because it is a place, "Where men have never cared to haunt, nor women have walked with me, And ghosts then keep their distance; and I know some liberty." Nature offers him a chance for escapism; both from the memories of other people and himself. This echoes the line from Tess of the D'Urbervilles, in which he says Tess's shame is, "Based on nothing more tangible than a sense of condemnation under an arbitrary law of society which had no foundation in Nature." A major theme in Hardy's poetry is the merciless movement of time. ...read more.


In The Walk it offers no solace to Hardy; the tree on the top of the hill becomes symbolic of his own state and Hardy helps present this by rhyming "tree" with "me". Hardy does not overcomplicate the event, the lexis is quite simple and his sense of loneliness is understated; this is a method used in many of his poems. There is a frequent juxtaposition of the simplicity of the lexis and the emotional weight of the situation. In I Found Her Out There Hardy finds solace in the notion of Emma being part of nature after her death. He finds her on a slope that "falls westwardly"; west is associated with dying because it is where the sun sets. He takes her away from the "sharp-edged air" where the "ocean breaks" and instead lays her to rest in the softly alliterated "noiseless nest" where she won't be "haunted". One of the underlying subjects in Hardy's poetry is his agnosticism. In Hap he believes his life is dictated by "casualty" and not by the will of god. Hardy asks for a "vengeful" god; his view of the world is such that, if it were to be the product of any higher power, it is a ruthless one. He believes that random chance, or "hap", dictates his suffering. He explicitly links "pilgrimage" with "pain" through alliteration; he is referencing the sacrificial element of religion. Throughout the rest of the poems it is the lack of religion which remarkable. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Poets section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Poets essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Journeying in Hardy's "At Castle Boterel"

    5 star(s)

    It is notable that none of the Poems of 1912-13 allude to a heaven, and therefore Hardy's notion of immortality could be considered an irreligious one, achieved through human art and memory, not a religious afterlife. These humanist values may lead the more optimistic reader to interpret "At Castle Boterel"

  2. In The Going and Your Last Drive Hardy tries to portray the effects loss ...

    In "Your Last Drive" Hardy creates a bleak, reminiscent mood throughout the poem. Hardy establishes a setting "by the moorway" portraying a sense of desolation and isolation. The adjective "undiscerned" is used to describe the deceased, showing that she wasn't to know that she would be "in a week the face of the dead".

  1. The Glass Jar (Gwen Harwood) Analysis. The Glass Jar, dedicated to Vivian Smith, ...

    These journeys into reverie are learning experiences for the poet, part of the lifelong journey of self-discovery. The boy in this poem is at the beginning of his journey and cannot as yet decipher the symbolism of his dreams nor recognise his part in creating his own nightmares.

  2. Wagan Watsons poetry is often read as a representation of race and racial tensions, ...

    a country town loses another generation of its young/to the lust of the city.' The 'taking' of the beast could also reflect how the influx of young people moving to the city from the country never ends (through the use of repetition and emphasis in italics), thus leaving a country town's 'main street void/of the laughter of its children.'

  1. Making close references to language, imagery and form, consider the ways Owen presents and ...

    the time, which makes it seem as if Owen does not really sympathise with what is going on and that he too is 'insensible' to emotion. This comes across quite clearly with words such as 'fooling' which are very trivial and do not carry any emotional connotations and can therefore

  2. The Darkling Thrush, The Voice, The Going and The Convergance of the Twain revision ...

    The memory of her is haunting him and he is totally falling apart. The last stanza however is less fluent and almost chaotic in terms of the use of pathetic fallacy, "leaves faltering forward".

  1. Compare and Contrast James Joyce & Charles Dickens

    Stephen was looked after when at home; he had his uncles "Charles" and "Dante" who clapped when his mother danced. This shows a happy environment, a family together, until the "Vances" who came from a fractured home. Stephen is taken off to boarding school where he is unprepared for the rigours of school due to his overly protected previous lifestyle.

  2. Thomas Hardy- the Walk Analysis

    [a] spot? and he emphasizes how this is important cause it?d be the last time she would go there. Moreover, we are left with a distinct image of Hardy alone, recurrent in many of the Emma poems, in After A Journey, Shadow on the Stone, and Where the Picnic was,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work