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W.H. Auden Aspects of Narrative - 1st September 1939

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Babatunde Osunmakinde 12RARU 1st September 1939 AON The poem 1st September 1939 gives Auden?s point of view on the outbreak of war. It is written in the form of 9, 11 line stanzas and uses a variety of imagery to express various opinions of Auden on the various attitudes and possible emotions that people might?ve felt during this time of war. An aspect of narrative which Auden uses effectively in this poem is scenes and places. A significant scene which Auden uses in the fourth stanza of the poem, refers to the New York skyline as a place ?where blind skyscrapers use their full height to show the strength of collective man?. ...read more.


This is backed up by the text, when the author says ?Faces along the bar cling to their average day?. This suggests that they?re trying as hard as possible to carry on as usual although, the Americans were inevitably affected. Auden also uses the AON character. Auden uses allusion to make references to various significant figures. For example ?Thucydides and Diaghilev? are alluded to make important points about evil, dictatorship and a human need for love. This is significant to the rest of the poem as it creates a clearer image of Auden?s opinions that most of the things that were happening were a result of human nature. Auden also uses the AONs voices and point of view in this poem. ...read more.


He uses an analogy which implies that we are all ?defenseless under the night?. This gives the impression that there?s a darkness out there. This links back to the idea that the ongoing events in the poem are natural. Destination is another important AON which Auden uses. The poem begins with uncertainty and fear and although the narrator states in the beginning that people might be turning a blind eye to the events unfold that ?of Eros and dust?, they can still ?show an affirming flame?. This use of symbolism shows that although there?s darkness across the world but there is also light. This juxtaposes what had been said previously about being defenseless under the night. This is significant to the poem because it gives the reader the impression that there?s still hope despite the current tragic events that were unfolding. ...read more.

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