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What is dystopian fiction?

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´╗┐Caroline Rehn What is dystopian fiction? Dystopian fiction, habitually envisions elements of contemporary society, the issues they hold and how they might perturb or affect the future. Often, dystopian literature highlights political structure and signifies a warning for the current, existing world. A dystopian civilisation is often instigated by a terrible event, for example a natural disaster or war. A dystopian novel may be post-apocalyptic or apocalyptic, usually referring to an unpleasant or agonising forthcoming eventuality. In ?The Road? by Cormac McCarthy we are uncertain of the prospects the future holds, the world they live in is described as ?godless?, and doesn?t seem suggestive of any kind of hope or life. ...read more.


Frequently, there is an illusion of the perfect world, a utopia, but the reality is a place of discordance and hostility. Society?s intention and longing might be to emulate the stability of a utopia, through the extreme social and political structure. The sophisticated housing of ?Victory Mansions?, in 1984, promotes a utopian society, through a name of grandeur. Essentially, society is established through the form of control and restriction of freedoms. Oppression of the inhabitants in the society permits the establishment or the governing superior to possess authority and dominate over the people. The society is the driving force to both characters and the plot. ...read more.


?Big brother is watching you? is captioned under the gargantuan image of the man, and the fact the phrase is capitalised stresses the reality of the society. The society emits constant paranoia, the protagonist, Winston Smith, can?t seem to get home quickly enough. It is as if he doesn?t want to draw attention to himself, trying to ?slip quickly through the glass doors?, he just wants to avoid any trouble and return to his home like everyone else. His life seems to lack a sense of purpose, as he has to conform to society?s expectations. The fact no one questions ?Hate Week? suggests they have accepted the totalitarian regime and this reinforces the strong element of control and for the dystopian establishment to remain unchallenged. ...read more.

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