• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What role does turn-taking play in the extract and how are features of accent and dialect represented?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐What role does turn-taking play in the extract and how are features of accent and dialect represented? When reading the transcript, you should consider the following questions: 1. What is the context of the speech? Think about field (topics), manner (relationship between speakers) and mode (spontaneous or planned speech and related features) 2. What are the functions of the speech? (referential, expressive, phatic, transactional, interactional) 3. What is significant about the turn-taking process? Does anyone dominate? 4. Who uses non-standard forms? Can you deconstruct these? 5. What can you say about the levels of formality of the register each speaker adopts? 6. How might you use different language theories to support your analysis? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? The transcript is of an exchange between an interviewer and Mrs Cook, a female road sweeper from Gloucestershire. Due to the form of the exchange being an interview, we would expect tightly-managed turn-taking and the primary function to be referential as the purpose is to convey information regarding the nature of Mrs Cook?s role as one of the few women in Britain who work in this field. Topics, therefore, have been predestined as we assume that the interviewer has planned his questions carefully. ...read more.

Middle

Whatever Mrs Cook?s reasons, the side sequence certainly has an impact on the interviewer. He reframes his initial declarative ?you must be? to an interrogative ?are you?, which seems much more confrontational and designed to force Mrs Cook to respond how he wants this time. This slightly aggressive confrontational attitude can also be detected when he uses a tag question in the utterance ?well you?re not a road sweeper then are you?. He also seems a little flustered by the side sequence, repeating the same repair as he made in the first line ?road sweepers women road sweepers?, and he is forced to correct himself. It would appear that the start of the interview is not as structured as he anticipated or indeed desired. Usually in an interview, we would expect the conversation to be structured around adjacency pairs, typically questions and extended responses. Once Mrs Cook has made her point about how she wishes to be addressed, the structure of the interview falls into its conventional pattern. As we would expect from this type of exchange, Mrs Cook?s utterances are lengthier and more expressive than those of her interviewer. ...read more.

Conclusion

The interviewer?s response to her accent here could be interpreted as face threatening in nature; however, later in the transcript, he appears to downwardly converge with the uncharacteristically informal noun phrases ?mucky lot?, ?clean lot? and ?dirty lot?. Whether his intention is to decrease social distance and make Mrs Cook more at ease or to highlight his own superiority by deliberately adopting a more simplistic register, is difficult to ascertain. His use of fillers and non-fluent pausing leading up to the topic shift ?mm (.) yes (.) well (.)? seem to suggest that he is either losing interest in the topic or is struggling to develop the interview. Either way, the non-fluency features typical of spontaneous speech reveal a level of unease at the very least. In conclusion, the transcript is interesting to analyse in terms of turn-taking, relationships between the speakers and the strong elements of regional accent and dialect. It is a mistake to dismiss dialect speakers as ?uneducated? people who don?t use ?proper? English. In fact, dialects are interesting and valid varieties of English. After all, Mrs Cook comes across here as a hard-working, confident woman who is more than capable of conversing with an overtly formal, standard English-speaking interviewer and is proud of her regional identity. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Exploring the genre and style of the Political Interview - Paxman and Galloway interview

    5 star(s)

    The imperative command "move" acts as an order, thus challenging Paxman's control over the interview. This can be supported with Tannen's theory of male language using orders, whilst women would use proposals to communicate a desire. A bid for higher status can be seen when Galloway states "If you ask that question again, I'm going, I warn you now".

  2. Turn taking mechanisms in conversation.

    with no gap and no overlap are common. Together with transitions characterized by slight gap or slight overlap, they make up the vast majority of transitions 5) Turn order is not fixed but varies 6) Turn size is not fixed but varies 7) Length of conversation is not specified in advance 8)

  1. How does Arthur Miller use the character of Eddie to build tension in his ...

    Eddie explains his case to Alfieri that Rodolpho is just here to "get his papers." Eddie accuses Rodolpho of being dishonourable. Eddie is self interested and thinks he is always right. "I know what's in his mind," which Alfieri tells him, his belief is far from reasonable, and that there

  2. An analysis of variations in style in comparison to Standard English.

    In comparison to that you can find unofficial figures which tell us that Hanover is most likely to be accent-free. Standard English, on the other hand, is more of an indicator for an upper social status, it can be seen as a class-dialect, owing it's origin in the main not to geographical but to socio-economic causes.

  1. Language Investigation: Barack Obama Inaugural Address

    World 21st - 26th Paragraph Solutions 27th - 35th Paragraph Like all persuasive texts, Obama's inaugural address also references the other side of the story. Between the lines "Now, there are some who question the scales of our ambitions..." and "...because it is the shortest route to our common good"

  2. Studying Dialect and Accent

    If you live in Lancashire you might buy a barm cake, whilst people from Leeds would ask for a bread cake. At a baker's in Derby you might be offered a cob and on a visit to Coventry you might eat a batch, although each of these words refers pretty much to the same item.

  1. Extended response to journeys.

    A motif of death is conveyed in the simile "Against each other like cattle bought for slaughter" and draws parallels to the Jews being sent to their death in concentration camps. Strong negative connotations are conveyed through their thoughts of despair as to where they are travelling towards.

  2. Mr and Mrs Branning?!?

    Will Sean tell Tanya? Sean takes this opportunity to ask her if he would have had a chance with her if he had meet her earlier.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work