• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What techniques has McEwan used to make his opening striking in "Enduring Love"?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What techniques has McEwan used to make his opening striking, in Chapters 1-3? - Jessica Bryant McEwan uses a variety of literary devices within the structure of Chapters 1-3 of "Enduring Love". The use of syntax, time, focalisers, sensory and metanarrative techniques have the effect of holding the reader in suspense as well as creating characterisation to a lasting effect. Time is used to create transformations between suspense and exhilaration. The striking first sentence utilizes a short syntax, "The beginning is simple to mark", (whereby the use of rhetorical questioning teases the reader) creating an abrupt, heart-stopping sense of trepidation from the very beginning. Longer, more complex sentences are used in conjunction with this, to create a feeling of continuous action, "I was wild by now, ready to fight, run, dance, you name it"; via the use of syndetic listing, a drag in time is formed. The differentiation between the two, causes a bigger build up as the alternating tempo contrasts to a more pronounced effect. A change between perfect and imperfect tense is used, "I was stretching out my hand" and "we heard a man's shout", to form a dramatic break in the change of events, as McEwan's narrative changes between an observed account, and an account to which the reader is involved - the difference between objective and subjective that guides the reader through fragmentary events. ...read more.

Middle

This not only engages the reader through the use of all-encompassing sensory stimuli (in this case sight, touch and hearing), but also allows the reader to become emotionally involved with Joe's thoughts and visions, grounding McEwan's use of imagery. However, other differing views are given, "I see us from three hundred feet up, through the eyes of the buzzard", whereby Joe distances himself from the scene within his imagination. This has the effect of giving a 'crime-scene-esque', 'out-of-body' experience, aiding the reader's broad introspection of the situation. Joe is distanced from the action as a shift in time is marked by a change in viewpoint. Likewise, Joe and Jed are described from the buzzard's point of view as "like lovers, innocent of the grief this entanglement would bring"; this is ironically propleptic of the rest of the novel, as Jed will believe they are lovers, yet it is Joe who will feel "grief" - further evidence that it is Joe's opinions and thoughts we are hearing. The irony is represented by the buzzard's point of view being embedded in Joe's first person narrative. The reader is kept in suspense throughout via McEwan's use of ambiguity in order to build tension. ...read more.

Conclusion

Joe is portrayed as not being in touch with his emotions in the same way as Clarissa is - whilst she finds the romance of Keats exciting, emotional and attractive declaration of love, Joe interprets his letters as unnecessary in a condition of 'love already won'. This suggests a dire incompatibility. On the contrary, Joe uses the scientific analogy, as describing their relationship as being an "equilibrium", showing the way in which Joe deals in measurable, quantifiable facts. This need for solidity, sense and repeatability creates a void within his understanding of emotions which cannot be put into formulaic form. Overall, whilst McEwan's use of syntax, time, focalisers, sensory and metanarrative techniques are used effectively, and bring excitement to the novel, it is his use of imagery that truly grips and insights thought within the reader. For example, the use of the metanarrative metaphor, "a kind of furnace in whose heat identities and fate would buckle into new shapes", that describes the creative process by putting the author in the position of a blacksmith forging and shaping characters from metal, and creating a sub-context within the novel, enables McEwan to create a story that does not follow the linear predictability of other novels. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Ian McEwan section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Ian McEwan essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    English Literature - Atonement (Essay 1)

    3 star(s)

    Interestingly it is "strange, that for all her guilt, she should feel the need to withstand him. It was that, or be annihilated"25 - the transition hasn't provided Briony with adult virtues of resoluteness and confidence. One might also suggest that she is continuing to behold Robbie as this violent, repulsive attacker that her child self condemned.

  2. Discuss how McEwan uses the setting in part one of "Atonement".

    and it is obvious that she craves to know more, as she feels like an adult 'protecting her sister' from what she has called Robbie now the 'maniac. Briony entering the library shows her lust for knowledge about the adult world; the library is not the place for a child,

  1. A Reader's Response to McEwan's Characterisation of Joe Rose in Chapters 1 - 6 ...

    to hook the reader into the storyline and so to make them part of it; "we turned to look across the field and we saw danger". Whereas "The Self Referral" is throughout the actual storyline as Joe pauses time and talks about future and past events.

  2. Judging Lines Between Reality and Imagination in Atonement by Ian McEwan

    And at the end of the novel we discover that Briony was wrong in accusing Robbie for the attack of Lola. Briony is a very immature character. She failed to recognize that what she caught a quick glimpse of, may not actually have looked as it seemed.

  1. What view would a feminist critic take on "Enduring Love" by Ian McEwan?

    he withholds information from the reader?which, when it is revealed?aggravates our unease about the reliability.? The fact Jean is now dominant, perhaps relates to the time of production of the novel, as women acquired jobs and depended on themselves - not just the income of their husbands, proving a turning

  2. How does McEwan tell the story in Chapter 12 of Enduring Love

    In an argument with Clarissa he claims that he was ?so obviously, incontrovertibly right.? He is unwilling to shift on his judgement and believes that he is right all of the time. As a reader this makes us like Joe less.

  1. By portraying the three main characters as representations of science, art and religion, McEwan ...

    description of John Logan?s death in Chapter 1 of ?the closing down of neural and biochemical exchanges?. The use of the terms ?neural? and ?biochemical? agin infers a tone of wisdom and intellect - the constant repetition of terms such as these reinforces Joe?s emphasis on logical reasoning in the novel.

  2. What methods does McEwan use to create reader interest in Chapter Four of Enduring ...

    the reliability of Joe?s narrative and increases the sense of panic and builds tension. This quotation also shows how paranoid has Joe become, since the simple action of somebody leaving the library causes his mind to conjure all sorts of unjustifiable and irrational conclusions, which makes the reader question Joe?s sanity.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work