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Which one of these is more useful to an historian as evidence about conditions in the trenches?

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Introduction

Coursework- Q4 Q4) which one of these is more useful to an historian as evidence about conditions in the trenches? (Source G) is an advert published in Britain during the war. This source tells us that it is unreliable due to the conditions in this source. This advert looks in a very good condition with no shell holes and craters; you can see this by the condition of the trench and no mans land. In the back of this advert you can see artillery, which is way to close to the front line. One soldier in the trench is standing up with a pack of cigarettes; if they were about to go over the top he would have been snipered. A soldier about to go over the top would not have a cigarette while attacking the Germans. In this source they have no sand bags and barbed wire in front of the trench. ...read more.

Middle

These trenches are muddy, waterlogged, dirty and uncomfortable where as source G shows positive conditions. These are real life trenches because an eyewitness took them. (Source H) is a letter from a soldier (private Peter Macgregor) to his wife, this was written in September 1916- one month after the start of the battle of the Somme. I find this source is more reliable, reasons for this is because an eyewitness writes it. There would be no need to lie. In this letter private Peter Macgregor is describing his day in a pessimistic way. By this source the soldier is fed up with the war and thinks war is terrible. I found sources that agrees with this soldier or disagrees about the war and the conditions. Private H.F Leppard of cast Grinstead wrote a letter to his mother on 19th December 1914. The letter was not censored. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Germans and we started walking about in the open between the two trenches, repairing them, and there were no firing at all. I think they are all getting fed up with it. Both of these letters contain negative views (pessimistic). Source H has negative views but goes on to be a more positive view. The purpose of source G was to sell cigarettes in England not to encourage men to enlist even though men might of joined the army by this poster. Other examples of adverts like that are the oxo and Bovril adverts were they are trying to make people buy the products. The purpose of source H was to get the message across people back home what war is like and about. The soldier is describing how he is fed up. After my studies of source G is more useful for a historian as evidence about conditions in thee trenches because even though source G is unreliable you decide that the condition of the trenches can't be in good conditions by the advert. You can prove that this source is unreliable. ...read more.

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