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Which source is the more useful to an historian studying the use of propaganda for recruitment in the First World War?

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Introduction

Propaganda in the First World War (History Coursework) Q1. Which source is the more useful to an historian studying the use of propaganda for recruitment in the First World War? In the First World War Britain started with only a small scale army, however as reality soared in, the government realized that more soldiers needed to be recruited at a very fast pace therefore, propaganda was the method introduced in order to achieve this. Source A is a novel that was written in 1961.Firstly the fact that it is a novel, proves that the source could've easily been elaborated according to the choice of the novelist.However, the date shows how by 1961 there would be a wide array of information available in order for the novelist to compose a book with and therefore, the source could be reliable. The source is also reliable in the sense that in 1914, the war was still at its early stages so; propaganda would be at its peak by this stage. I feel that the point of this extract is to simply show that by simply singing a national anthem or by expressing great gratitude and evoking content towards the ones off to war could really boost the morale of young men and to give them the inner strength and courage to want to be a part of all this victory. Source B is a newspaper article printed in early 1915 and clearly looks like first hand evidence. ...read more.

Middle

So, the article is basically sating how the working classes should retreat from this warfare and to simply keep out of it as it really isn't their war to fight; however, it is saying that if they choose not to take this advice, then they will have to encounter the consequences of great suffrage. Finally the text states how, "Rulers, diplomats and the military has forced this military war upon us all", and I think here is where the reader would really get the real feel of this party's view as basically in the last sentence, the article is saying that everyone could either be thrown into war together or the government and all the people who caused the war, can fight it for themselves. So, from the first source, the general attitude concerning the poster is that it is totally demeaning the Germans and portraying them as a "blood-thirsty nation". It is also encouraging middle classes to join up as this was sure to have psyched them up and to fully make them feel obliged to join. In the second source, the British Labour party is basically "communists" and is generally trying to enforce equality through the nation. However, in order to achieve this they have to state their views and their thoughts about the war; theses views are the fact that it isn't fair that the working classes are fooled into war when the noble classes just sit at home and don't contribute to any of the previous efforts. ...read more.

Conclusion

it however, this is scrawled over with writing stating how if one joins the war then the profits gained from it will not go towards that person. Therefore this has no reference to the enemy and is therefore viewing propaganda from a very different angle. The last source is headed with the sentence, 'Surrender! British Cavalry Beat and Cow the Hun' which is saying how the British soldiers will make fools of the Germans and impose great fear into them. The picture is basically showing,' a good old Tommy' (the name for a British soldier at the time) who seems to be very brave and is making the Germans cower and surrender at his feet. I feel that this piece of propaganda is aimed at the people at home to show them that things are really great and successful out at the warfront. In general though, I think that this source definitely agrees with the statement because the poster and text are trying to evoke hatred of the enemy. This is so that back home, people will see the enemy as very cowardly and would feel very assured indeed that everything was going so well out in the war. In concusion, Sources: C, E and I totally agree with the statement. Sources D and H are anti-war sources. A and B are just plainly to boost morale and to encourage. So, therefore all the sources don't agree with the statement but the majorities do, therefore suggesting that the statement could've easily been just. Bridget Emanuel ...read more.

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