• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who Controls the past, controls the future - Who Controls the present controls the past - What might George Orwell have meant to say when he said this?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question: Who Controls the past, controls the future. Who Controls the present controls the past. What might George Orwell have meant to say when he said this? George Orwell, a large figure of literature, was an anti-communism, and against totalitarian tendencies. Therefore, in 1949, he published a book, 1984, warning about the future. A prediction of the future? Fear is a characteristic built within the human being, which at the time was the future and in whose hands it would be? In this novel, George Orwell's vision of the world is deeply shocking, as domination of a certain 'Party', controls everyone and everything. They control what we (the public) see, hear, touch, smell, and even think about. History is a vital part of human existence and as illustrated well in the book, the past is 'nature alterable', and if done so, will be true 'from everlasting to everlasting'. ...read more.

Middle

manpower, they may as shown in the book, undergo military action, and overthrow the world, in order to obtain a single ruling dictator, which will continue to rule, therefore controlling the future. The party did control the present at the time therefore they had the capabilities of oppressing it as they wished. Every piece of literature, rewritten every photo reproduced, in order to fit their fictional stories of economical success, and military victory. By creating a positive and successful image of the party, they gained the back of the people as the only version of the passed accessible to them is the parties biased fictional, false past. Moreover another idea brought into the novel was 'doublethink' this was that 3 + 3 = 7. ...read more.

Conclusion

Similarly, this is the case at present, in the 21st century, whereby one dominating nation, controls, the media, including subliminal messages, two-way television, newspapers, computer viruses (which cause a threat to all information systems). These could have a global impact, and cause us (the public) to abide by that nations rules, regulations, and follow all views of that nation. This manipulation of the human mind, is a very dangerous concept, as world domination, could result easily, through the influence of the people's political and ethical views, in order to win them over to their side, or in other words brainwashing. Therefore, Orwell was warning from the effects that could result from the totalitarian policies arousing at the time post World War II, which are still in the process of completion. However, Orwell, did add a great deal of exaggeration within the book, as in reality, the effects and beliefs will not be as embellished as stated within the novel. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level George Orwell section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

This answer is a strikingly profound response to the novel. The candidate shows a clear and deep understanding of the intentions of the Party's mantra "Who controls the past, controls the future: who controls the present, who control the past". ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This answer is a strikingly profound response to the novel. The candidate shows a clear and deep understanding of the intentions of the Party's mantra "Who controls the past, controls the future: who controls the present, who control the past". There is plentiful evidence of the candidate taking time to elaborate on the mantra to ensure full understanding for the reader of their essay, and they then go on to answer the question more explicitly, showing how Orwell intends to solidify the totalitarian dystopia of The Party's oppressive rule as a means of controlling of the history, and what it means for the present and future.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis here is excellent,. The candidate shows deep-set knowledge and critical understanding of Orwell's fictional mantra, appreciating the harrowing realism of the novel that are alive even today towards the end. This particular section I would dispute is not absolutely necessary, so other candidate should not feel discouraged if they cannot include this, but it will help the candidate's answer stick out among hundreds of other similar essays. Where this answer excels it's it's sensitive critical understanding of the rule The Party instates on it's civilians.

Where it is not so impressive is the glaring error which sees the candidate write "Who controls the past, controls the future: who controls the future, who control the past", although this is not hugely detrimental to the essay. There is also a minor irk in that they write: "Moreover another idea brought into the novel was 'doublethink' this was that 3 + 3 = 7." If stating an example, they should explicitly say so, and I would advise therefore to use the example in the novel ("2 + 2 = 5"). The wording in the statement the candidate gives suggests that all doublethink is believing 3 + 3 = 7; this is not a definition of doublethink - it is merely one very simple example given by O'Brien. Candidates should watch how they exemplify something so complex.

Quality of writing

Quality of Written Communication as a whole is pretty good, however the punctuation in particular can really make this essay a struggle to read. The answer is riddled with comma splice (unnecessary use of commas) - too many to list here. The candidate sometimes substitutes full stops for commas lending to grammatical nightmares, or simply puts commas where they aren't needed, which breaks up the flow of the otherwise very well-written sentences to a snail's pace, really detracting from the impact of such a good essay. The disjointed nature also loses the fluidity of the writing, making the answer seem less knowledgeable than it actually is because of the drip-fed chunks of half-sentences. This is something that really needs to be addressed as it hugely prevents this essay from achieving the A grade it's capable of.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 04/07/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level George Orwell essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Critical Appriciation of the Two Minuets Hate in 1984

    5 star(s)

    This introduces the theme of love versus hate, which is explored throughout the rest of the novel. The pointlessness of the hate strikes Winston as we see Winston's weakness; he has a perplexed mind that cannot comprehend the point to the rage inflicted upon Goldstein.

  2. GEORGE ORWELL A comparative study of Burmese Days, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty- ...

    This resulted in The Road To Wigan Pier. He went on living among the poor about who he has to write the book. Once again it was a journey away from the comparative comfort of the middle class life. For while the first part of the book is the kind

  1. The purpose of dystopian literature is to dehumanize the individual To what extent ...

    Although there is no official law about it, it seems to be common knowledge what it is expected for them to do so they are not punished and placed in room 101. Orwell's London becomes more absurd when there is no official rule to punish Winston, and therefore more dehumanising

  2. How far does 1984 reflect the times in which it was written and how ...

    This is a complete contradiction to the lives of the Russian citizens under Stalin or the German people during Hitler's rein and indeed the population of nineteen eighty four had little opportunity to feel safe. The naming of other characters within his novel, I suspect, had a deeper meaning.

  1. thrpugh the character and actions of Napoleon Orwell paints a picture of brutal tyranny, ...

    He does this to get rid of the enemies which are all of the animals who have questioned him and his actions. These actions are entirely tyrannical as they show that Napoleon is not willing to let anyone stand in his way of his leadership and control over the farm.

  2. George Orwell - "Shooting an Elephant" (1936).

    In addition, the sentence structure adds to this idea of being pulled in two directions; the differing statements are separated by a semi-colon, balancing the one against the other, neither dominant. Once the extent of his feelings towards the job and the Burmese have been established, Orwell starts to recount the incident involving the elephant.

  1. Abuse Of Language In Order To Gain Authority In "Animal Farm" by George Orwell

    The legend grows rather quietly with the building up Napoleon as the leader who thought of everything and is the father of the farm. The windmill was of course really Napoleon's own idea, and Snowball had stolen the plans from among Napoleon's papers.

  2. How does Orwell tell the story in Chapter 10 of Animal Farm?

    However this strategy lets us empathise with them on a personal level, as we feel involved yet helpless seeing their continued naïve belief in the pigs and knowing of the oppression that they will soon face.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work