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Why did Evacuation take place?

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Evacuation In August 1938 Hitler began to make speeches that suggested he was going to invade Czechoslovakia. The British government now began to fear that war with Germany was inevitable. Precautions were then taken to prepare Britain from the effects of a war with Germany. A group of people was assembled to make sure that everything possible was done to prepare Britain and to minimise the effects of heavy bombing on the home front. This group of people was known as Air Raid Precaution Volunteers. Also the British government made plans for the children in major cities to be evacuated into the countryside for their own safety. Sir John Anderson was responsible for ensuring this ran smoothly. Many parents were against sending their children to the countryside, as they didn't want to leave their children in a crisis. But a propaganda campaign made parents realised that their children would be safer in the country and they reluctantly sent them. The country was divided up into three zones for Evacuation (people living in urban districts where heavy bombing was expected) ...read more.


Hitler then used the Spanish civil war (1936-1937) as a training ground to train his newly recruited pilots. The damage that they could cause was clearly seen after the bombing of Guernica. He also used Blitzkrieg tactics that included sending in air attack before ground troops moved in when retaking parts of Europe in the late 1930's. This showed the British the power Hitler had and the destruction he could cause. Evacuation was seen as the only way of protecting Britains population from this type of destruction. Due to the fact that the British men had to go and fight in the war, many jobs were left unattended and, these had to be filled by women whose job before the war had been to look after the families. Now that their children had gone off to the country and they had no one to look after they were taken on in factories. In 1936 Britain had started preparing for war by drawing up a four-year war plan. This meant that Britain would be ready for war by 1940 at the latest. ...read more.


People were made to carry them everywhere and the air raid precaution group made sure everyone carried them. Children's gas masks were often shaped like Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck this was because most children were scared of wearing their gas masks. As the gas masks were too big for babies specially designed chambers were developed this meant that the entire baby was enclosed in the chamber and someone had to pump air into the chamber. Evacuation removed children from potential danger of a gas attack but they were still expected to take their masks with them to the reception areas. After nothing happened for around a year most parents decided to bring their children home. This part of the war was called the phoney war but it ended in September 1940 when the blitz started. London was bombed heavily and a second wave of evacuation began. I think that the government did the right thing trying to preserve the life of the younger generation. If the government had not evacuated the children then more people would have been killed. Overall the government did the right thing and may have saved many lives in a war where more civilians were killed than actual soldiers. ...read more.

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