• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? During the Second World War thousands of children were evacuated from all of the major cities on Britain. There were several waves of evacuation including the 1st, occurring at the beginning of the war and the 2nd in 1940. The children were taken from the danger zones, usually large towns and possible invasion sites, and sent to the less popular areas of the countryside. The Government decided upon this action after considering numerous possibilities and the problem they were faced with of saving the future population of Britain. Even before the start of the war the British government had forecast 60,000 lives would be lost within the first six months if no action was taken to safeguard the population. Throughout the Second World War, there was a severe threat of millions of people being killed in Britain. Children were the next generation, and so the British government thought it essential that the future of the country was safeguarded, and the children of Britain kept safe. They were needed to replace the millions of young men lost fighting in the war. Also Britain had to be rebuilt after the war and people were needed to run the economy. ...read more.

Middle

The Government was confident that in ww2, the same technology would be used, however they would be greatly improved. The use of mustard gas and the bombing of villages shocked Britain. In most previous wars, civilians were unaffected. This meant that when ww2 began, British civilians were frightened and felt vulnerable. The government needed to prevent panic throughout the country and to keep up morale, which was essential if we were to win the war. To do this they needed to make people feel safe, or at least keep children from harm. To prevent fatal losses in 2WW, gas masks were issued to every person in Britain. However, small children could not use these masks with ease, and so gas was still a large risk. This enforced the government's decision to evacuate children from Britain's towns. The German bombings of Guernica and subsequent air raids shattering the city of London showed Germany was capable of inflicting immense losses. The government further reasoned that Germany were likely to repeat these raids during world war two and once again devastate the countryside and its population to a greater extent owing to the advancement of technology. By 1939 it was predicted The air ships and bombers would have been so far advanced that they were now capable of bombing other parts of the country and other major towns not previously reached. ...read more.

Conclusion

They could work the necessary hours only if they had no children to look after. The evacuation of children enabled women who sent their children to do this. The government were keen throughout the war to evacuate as many children as possible and free women to work. It was inevitable that millions of soldiers and civilians would be injured throughout the war and need medical attention. It would have been unavoidable that all hospitals would have been full. The evacuation of children enabled women to work full time in the hospitals and minimise casualties when the towns were bombed. The nurses could therefore spend more time healing soldiers. The British government decided upon the evacuation of children for many reasons including experiences from ww1, protecting the future generation, enabling women to work during the war and to maintain in power. However I feel that the most important contribution to the decision of evacuation was the change in technology. Without the new inventions of gas, tanks and airplanes, the majority of Britain's towns would have been safe from attack. With no towns in danger, there would be no need to evacuate children and civilians would have been unaffected by the war. However, there was a large development in technology and so evacuation was essential to winning the war. The evacuation proved a great success and the government's decision to evacuate was certainly the right choice. Millions of lives were spared and the war may not have been won if the decision had not been made. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. The evacuation of British Children

    them safer then basements, bomb shelters, gas masks and underground train stations as in these places they would still have a high chance of dying compared with if they where in the country. The main reason that I think evacuation was a good idea is because parents wouldn't worry as

  2. I need to produce a marketing strategy for a new or existing product. I ...

    Of the customers who have switched 93 per cent of electricity and 90 per cent of gas customers found the process easy. Ofgem further commented: "it is clear from this survey that gas competition is now delivering the best deals for customers on price and choice.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at ...

    that the nation could not continue to exist if bombing forced these activities to cease." The findings of the ARP Committee are meeting in 1925. It was quickly agreed that evacuating children must be at the heart of any defence program, and doing this would be viewed as a 'military

  2. What is meant by the term 'The Blitz'.

    However there was some radio shows designed to demoralise the enemy. A man named Screaming Lord Haw Haw was used to demoralise the British, he was a British fascist, people tuned into this show to find out what the allies were hiding and also for fun.

  1. "Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    Another way Britain's war effort could benefit from evacuation would be that with the children growing up in the countryside, they'd stand a much better chance of living until they were old enough to join the army. Evacuees in the countryside would eventually join the army to protect the people living in the cities - their families.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    Lastly, the final reason behind these bombing raids was to prevent British workers having a proper rest and thus reduce their ability to concentrate and work. Therefore this would reduce their work capability and a result would force the government to use up their valuable resources.

  1. How Did the Blitz Affect Everyday Life in Britain?

    Anderson Shelters were designed for the garden and could be put together with a friend. An Anderson Shelter was made out of steel, and needed to be placed in a hole in the garden that was 1metre deep. The earth over the roof needed to be at least 90cm deep

  2. Mother Courage and Her Children - Bertolt Brecht

    to continue her business so is going to buy a new Catholic flag and new supplies. She is concerned about Swiss Cheese's conscientiousness for his duties as the paymaster. When she returns, Swiss Cheese has been seen trying to hide the "Second Finnish Regiment's cash box" and has been arrested.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work