• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government evacuate children from the major cities in the early years of World War Two?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Candidate Name: Jeffrey Agyeman Candidate Number: 0003 Centre Name: St Michaels Centre Number: 10854 Why did the British government evacuate children from the major cities in the early years of World War Two? The evacuation of our cities in the early years of World War Two was the biggest and most concentrated mass movement of people in Britain's history. In the first week over 3 million people were transported from towns and cities in danger from enemy bombers to places of safety in the countryside. The reason why the government evacuated people because of the fear of gas bomb attack. They did not want to relive the experience of world war one. One reason why the government evacuated children because they were scared of mass demoralisation the idea that the public will give up. Another obvious reason why the government evacuated children because the fear of death. They were also afraid of mass bombing because they saw what the German airforce did in the Spanish civil war in which they bombed and destroyed a lot of cities including Guernica and Britain did not want to suffer the same fate. ...read more.

Middle

The British government wanted to avoid panic so they started planning as early as 1921 under John Anderson and the imperial defence committee. At the beginning of the war everyone was issued with a gas mask, which they had to carry with him or her whenever they went. Many people volunteered to join vital home defence services such as the ARP (Air Raid Precaution) wardens and the AFS (Auxiliary Fire Service). There were almost half a million recruits as Air Raid Wardens at the start of the war. They were key figures in the event of a bombing raid, ensuring there was calm, that people knew how the raid was progressing and that people were helped after the raid. The government also supplied its citizens with air raid shelters. The first shelters were delivered in February 1939. These were Anderson shelters, which were sunk in the ground in the back garden. They had enough room for a family and were safer than staying in a house. Later in 1941, the Morrison shelter was introduced. This could be erected indoors and 500,000 had been distributed by the end of the year. ...read more.

Conclusion

Britain anticipated mass bombing of its mainland after the French fell to the Germans and the evacuation of the soldiers at Dunkirk. When the bombs started to arrive there was a rapid need to re-evacuate and move children out again. Therefore I have come to a conclusion that the British government evacuated children from the major cities in the early years of world war two because fear of deaths, gas bombs, to save the future generation and to avoid mass panic and a collapse in morale. I think the most important reason why the British government evacuated children from the major cities is because of the fear of mass bombing. The fear of mass bombing links back to the memories of the first world war also the bombs which will be used in the second world war will be more effective more faster more bigger than before. Mass bombing could also wipe out the young generation who are needed for future jobs of the British economy also mass bombing is linked back to mass panic because if there is mass bombing more people will die which will then lead to more people panicking and having a 'surrender mentality'. If Soldiers hear about mass panic in the home front they will not fight a valiant war and in due course lose the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. The impact of bombing during WWII

    Suffering and hardship was an inevitable consequence of bombing as public resilience, important industrial centres and general human habitation were being destroyed. Every person living in the cities had to dramatically alter their life style in order to preserve their lives, and considering the alternative most people complied with the new way of life.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    However, in fact the bombing raids made the British people very angry and determined to hurt the Germans in any open way possible. People coped with less sleep, although it was only the odd night now and then again, and people tolerated with the housing situation.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    Moving schoolchildren out of the city would have no effect on its ability to contribute to the war effort. Adults are also less vulnerable than children and are more able to handle living in a wartime environment. As the Luftwaffe was proving to be successfully destructive it was essential to

  2. The evacuation of British Children

    to rebuild there homes and there lives and quite a few were left with know family. Source A was taken in September 1939, 6 months before the war started, Although the picture isn't that clear we can get a lot of information from it.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at ...

    The figures produced by the mathematicians that were called upon were depressive to say the least, "600 tons of bombs per day could be dropped on Britain, following a huge opening assault dropping 3,500 tons in the first 24 hours causing 60,000 dead and 120,000 wounded on the first day, followed by 66,000 dead and 130,000 wounded per week thereafter."

  2. Many measures were taken in Bexley to protect people from the effects of air ...

    The role of women in the fight against air attacks was crucial. While the men were away fighting, many women took "men's jobs", things like ARP wardens and amateur fire women. The fire women would be given some basic training, and when the air attacks came they would deal with

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    the costal areas, which were possible landing areas for the German troops. The British also had to take into account advanced technology. The air ships and bombers would have been more advanced by the 2nd world war than in the first, and so would be able to access other parts of the country and other major towns.

  2. I need to produce a marketing strategy for a new or existing product. I ...

    British Gas trading, now operates in a market place that has been made considerably more competitive as a result of Government policies. Government policy can have a great impact on how the company's businesses operate. Government can help to deliver the conditions that business needs, such as low inflation levels and competitive tax rates.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work