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Why did the Scots win the Battle of Bannockburn?

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Why did the Scots win the Battle of Bannockburn? The Battle of Bannockburn is a Historic Battle between Scottish and English armies, fought near Bannockburn, Scotland, on June 24th 1314. It took place during the Scottish wars of independence against England. The battle began when the Scottish forces under the command of Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, intercepted an English army commanded by King Edward the second of England. The English, (led by King Edward) had about ten thousand foot soldiers armed with, spears, axes and swords, twenty thousand infantry and also many archers armed with long bows about sixty thousand men in total. The Scottish army had about ten thousand-foot soldiers of which some five thousand were cavalry. Robert the Bruce also had help from two thousand small folk. There are endless reasons to why the Scots did actually win the Battle of Bannockburn against the English but there is one question, which is 'why'. This is how the whole battle started and also the many reasons why the Scots did win. The Scots were at the battlefield early and were therefore able to prepare and think of nasty tricks. One of their main tricks was this. For King Robert's battlefield he chose the ridge at the top of the valley Bannockburn. ...read more.


This was one other key reason to the fact of why the Scots won. The impact as the English horse hit the schiltroms was tremendous. Many of the English knights, charging unorganised, were killed outright on the Scottish pikes, others fell or were dragged from their horses to be crushed by their own men or killed by the Scots. The lack of English organisation was now becoming horribly apparent to them. Most of their archers were now across the gorge and in a panic someone had given the order to fire. Unfortunately for them, not only were they hitting the Scots but much of their own cavalry. The archers were bad news for the Scots, who no longer had the cover of the trees, but Robert had planned for this. As soon as he gave the signal, Keith the Marischal of Scotland, commanding some five hundred mounted infantry charged out of the woods and routed the archers from the field. With the cavalry retreating, and the archers scattered, there was huge confusion among the English ranks. The Scots, seeing this lifted their pikes and slowly advanced, in perfect formation, driving their struggling enemy back towards the gorge. What remained of the English cavalry continued to retreat and charge, each time being beaten back by the wall of Scottish spikes. ...read more.


Over all the Scots definitely deserved to win as they fought like real men and were determined to win. As for having a great leader like King Robert the Bruce of Scotland they were also very lucky. No matter how tired and exhausted they were, the Scots didn't give up and carried on fighting. As for Edward he had thought that just because he had a much bigger army than the Scots he would easily win. For the Scots, the battle was undeniably one of the greatest in history. Their King, who for 18 years had fought for a cause once thought impossible, had led them to victory. Edward may have had the military might of all England behind him but not this time. Cunning and strategy were not, however, in short supply and the battle field was carefully prepared, pits dug to catch the cavalry horses, the land prepared to force the army into the boggy ground near the river, and the Scots took position on the firmer high ground. The battle itself began early and lasted over two days. From this time the English had to give up their claim to be the masters of Scotland, and for many years they found themselves very difficult to defend against the Scots. The English learnt a lesson from their defeat, however not to send horsemen in a charge against a solid line of spearmen. ...read more.

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