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'Why did the Spanish Armada fail in 1588'.

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'Why did the Spanish Armada fail in 1588' Philip II of Spain sent the Spanish Armada to invade England in 1588 for four reasons. Firstly, for the previous twenty years or so Francis Drake and John Hawkins, two English sailors, had been raiding treasure ships returning to Spain. Philip called them pirates, Queen Elizabeth of England called them buccaneers. Secondly, Philip was a strong Catholic. After Mary, the previous English queen (who was Catholic) had been beheaded, the Protestant Elizabeth came to the throne. Philip believed it was his duty to bring England back to Catholicism. Thirdly, the countries we now know as Holland and Belgium rebelled against the Spanish in 1568. This battle went on for over one hundred years and Elizabeth supported the Dutch in 1585. Finally, Francis Drake sailed into Cadiz harbour in 1587. He destroyed thirty Spanish warships. Drake boasted he had 'singed the King of Spain's beard'. Philip began to prepare a huge invasion fleet to invade England and appointed the Duke of Medina Sidonia to lead it. ...read more.


As the Spanish had more short range guns they could blast them with them or grapple on to the ship and over rule them with their vast quantity of men. If in another instance the English tried to attack them from behind, the wings of the crescent could turn around and the English would be in the same problems as before. The English fleet was commanded by a man called Lord Howard. During the battle of the Armada, he sent a message to Lord Walsingham, the Queen's chief minister. It said, 'At nine 'o' clock we fought them until one. In this fight, we will not dare go near them, as their fleet is so strong. There will be nothing neglected that may work to their destruction'. This gives me the impression that he does not believe that the Armada can be stopped, and also that he doesn't know how to. At this stage of the battle, it appears the English are going to be defeated by the King of Spain's Armada and England will become Catholic again. ...read more.


When news came to the Queen that the English were victorious, she put on the medals: 'DEUS AFFLAVIT ET DISSIPATI SUNT'. Latin for: ' God blew and they were scattered'. The most important reason on why the Spanish Armada failed is that the Duke of Parma was delayed when the Armada arrived in Calais. If he had been there, the fireships would not have been sent by the English, the Armada may not have been caught up in the storms and they would not have had to cut the anchors, thus being destroyed by the storms. If Parma had been on time, England would surely have been defeated. The Spanish Armada failed in 1588 because the general of the Spanish army was not there when the Armada arrived in Calais. They anchored, and as the harbour was so small they were exposed. The English sent fireships in the night and the Spanish fleet cut their anchors. They sailed up the East Coast, the English sinking a few ships. Over 20 ships were destroyed along the Irish Coast, due to storms. 44 of the 130 Spanish ships returned. If any of these were taken out of the equation, the Armada might have succeeded. ...read more.

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