• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why is Caliban such an interesting an important character in 'The Tempest' and how should a director present this character in

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why is Caliban such an interesting an important character in 'The Tempest' and how should a director present this character in order to make the most of the issues that he raises? 'The Tempest' is the magical story of the ship-wrecked inhabitants of an island. It deals with many serious themes such as; nature/nurture, power, magic and treachery but 'the seriousness is never allowed to cause disquiet in the audience'. Many of these themes are still relevant today. The Tempest is, in effect, 'a fairytale complete with magical occurrences, suspension of the laws of nature and a happy ending'. Caliban is an interesting an important character in 'The Tempest'. He brings to the play issues that have a humorous side but are also serious, for example the treatment of inferiors. Prospero's treatment of Caliban is portrayed as being amusing, with over-the-top curses, but it reflects the poor treatment of servants (or slaves) in Shakespeare's time. From act one scene two we learn about Caliban's history and how he came to be on the island and in service to Prospero. We know this from, 'This island is mine, by Sycorax my mother . . . the rest o' th' island'. From Miranda saying, ''Tis a villain, sir, that I do not love to look upon,' we assume that Caliban must be truly bad if someone as sympathetic and loving as Miranda thinks so badly of him. We also know that he is resentful of Prospero and Miranda being his masters because when they call him out to chop wood he says, 'There's wood enough within.' A director would tell Caliban to say this bitterly and grumpily. ...read more.

Middle

In this way, when he thinks Stephano is a spirit sent by Prospero he could wail, '. . .here comes a spirit to torment me, for bringing wood in slowly, I'll fall flat, perchance he will not mind me', while trembling at the knees, then throw himself on the floor under his coat dramatically. Magic is a strong theme throughout the play and it has particular mention in this scene. Caliban curses Prospero on his first line. Caliban's curses could be based on the experiences he had when he was young and heard his mother, Sycorax the witch, curse others. For example, she imprisoned Ariel in a tree, which Caliban could have been present for. His curses could also be based on hearing Prospero say spells or when he is trying to curse Caliban. At the end of act two scene two Caliban is in a good mood, the best we see him in throughout the play, because he is inebriated and has got the promise of new masters and a better life. Caliban is hopeful for the future because he believes that he has escaped Prospero's 'tyrannical' mastery. He has become loud, obnoxious and childish in his inebriated state. A director could show Caliban's good humour by having him singing and dancing about and being full of energy. From act three scene two we learn new things about Caliban. Caliban's character also develops in this scene, because of the liquor. The liquor makes Caliban an extrovert rather than an introvert, good humoured compared to his previous black mood and it makes him open with his emotions. He tells Stephano everything about Prospero and Miranda without a second thought. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sycorax never uses magic kindly, for example, she imprisoned Ariel in a tree. Prospero attempts to nurture Caliban failed because the nurture was intended to control him not free him. For example, Prospero taught Caliban his language so he could tell him what to do and he would understand. Another example is that they (Prospero and Miranda) were nice to Caliban so that he would show them around and teach them how to survive on the island. Caliban is possibly the only character in 'The Tempest' that truly appreciates the nature of the island because he lived there for so long alone after Sycorax died. After she died Caliban had no choice but to explore the island and find out everything he could about it. Prospero generally uses his power wisely but he sometimes uses it to control people too much, for example, Caliban. He makes Caliban into his slave by controlling him through his power. People like Caliban are always looking for a leader because although Caliban complains about Prospero (and even plots to kill him) he still likes the comfort of having a leader who will look after him. Although Caliban rebels against Prospero he still stays with him because that is better than having to fend for himself. I think that Caliban is possibly the most important character (excluding Prospero) because he is so different from the other characters. He offers a light hearted contrast to the vitriolic nature of characters such as Antonio. Rather than fear of hate Caliban, the audience should consider him a na�ve creature that needs to be led. Caliban shows a side to human nature that some would want to disown, and so call him a monster, but I think that he is a faintly frightening part of the human mind-set that cannot be avoided. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Tempest section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Tempest essays

  1. Shakespeares 'The Tempest' as a Study of Colonialism.

    wherein Sycorax had imprisoned him The Tempest by Shakespeare Shakespeare's The "Tempest," is about a dissolving society and a new kind of social order that moves not out of the world, but from an ordinary to a renewed and ennobled vision of nature.

  2. Discuss the character of Caliban and his relationship with Prospero

    She was the only connection to civilised life for him and opinion of it is most likely to not be very high. This could have also helped him make his opinion of Prospero. Caliban has a natural servile nature that might come from his parents being authoritive characters.

  1. The Tempest- The Significance of the love story between Ferdinand and Miranda in the ...

    Miranda being the only female character makes it seem that this would be the normal nature of females. On the island Ferdinand is portrayed as similar to Miranda, being unselfish and caring, this could be to show that it's not only women that have that nature because excluding Gonzalo all the men can be seen as selfish.

  2. How does Shakespeare present Caliban in TheTempest ?

    you feeling sorry for him and therefore forgiving him for his bad behaviour such as the attempted rape of Miranda because of the way he is poorly treated.

  1. Presentation of Prospero in the Tempest

    By referring to her as "dear one", Shakespeare presents a loving, caring father. Another way in which Prospero is shown as a protective father is through his match making of Miranda and Ferdinand. On their first meeting, Prospero says: "Follow me - Speak not you for him; he's a traitor.

  2. Discuss the presentation and significance of Caliban in 'The Tempest'

    So why does Caliban only use blank verse when speaking to Stephano and Trinchulo? It can be seen that Caliban speaks blank verse to Stephano and Trinchulo so they will acknowledge him as worthy and a noble. Thus paying attention when convincing them to kill Prospero.

  1. How does Shakespeare present Prospero's relationship with Ariel and Caliban throughout the course of ...

    My general consensus is with Skura. Most of the critics that support the colonialist interpretation tend to ignore Caliban's obvious European traits and rationalise them to create a 'Native Caliban'. Could Caliban be the personification of the fear many Europeans had of strangers? He is certainly what many of them would expect to find in the New World.

  2. How Does Shakespeare Present the Realtionships With Ariel and Caliban

    Ariel is set another task, to which he moans 'Is there more toil?', and Shakespeare sets the audience up for the other side of the relationship. When asked what Ariel wants, he responds with 'My liberty' implying that Ariel has been enslaved almost like Caliban, but he has the hope

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work