• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the World War One not over by Christmas 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was the World War One not over by Christmas 1914 James Miller In this essay I will write about why the First World War was not over by Chrismas 1914. I will talk about the Schlieffen Plan, how there was a stalemate, also about the trenches in the First World War. The reason why the First World War started was that Austria-Hungary's heir to the throne who was called Archduke Franz Ferdinand was going into Bosnia because Austria-Hungary had just recently concurred it. The Archduke was driving down a narrow road and this road got smaller and smaller and soon the driver had to stop because if he did not the car would scrape on the sides of the wall and when the driver did stop a Serbian shot him and his wife This was on the 28th of June 1914. A few days later Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia and the capital Belgrade was shelled. Russia was the ally of Serbia and they began to prepare for war so the clock was ticking for the Germans and they had to put the Schlieffen Plan in to practice. ...read more.

Middle

The Germans were slowed down and time was not on their side because the Russians were already preparing their army. Also the Germans thought that the Russians would wait until the whole of their army was ready but they did not they just sent in the divisions that were ready. The Germans had to send back one of the their divisions to fight the Russians. The Russians did not have machine guns so the Russians with horses and swords were no match for the Germans and the Russians were quickly driven back and for the rest of the war a lot of Russia was controlled by the Germans. As this was going on the other divisions were still fighting the British, French and Belgians and by this time the French had already surrounded Paris. One of the German leaders telegrammed to the head Quarters that he was concerned that the French, the BEF and the Belgians would go between the divisions and cut them off, so the Germans grouped closer together so the risk was minimised. ...read more.

Conclusion

That is 10 every second and they had a very good range. But defensive use only. Hand grenade: these weapons could only be thrown so not very good range and were used in both attacking and defending. Barbed wire: this was also one of he most effective weapons of the First World War because if you got caught in it you got stuck and you did not want to get stuck in "no mans land" because a machinegun or a shell would scatter you into little pieces. It slowed down attacks and so was only defensive. Gas: gas was an attacking weapon and was quite effective if the wind was blowing in the right direction. Soldiers were not issued with gas masks so the soldiers used a handkerchief saturated in urine to put over their mouth to protect them. The reason why the war was so slow and was in stalemate was that the most effective of all the weapons was the machine gun and the barbed wire and the thing that you notice with them that they are both only defensive weapons. As a result of the above the war was over by Christmas 1914. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

The author has an excellent understanding of the first movements of the war and why trench warfare developed and how it favoured the defending army. However, knowledge is not always linked to the question and the conclusion needs more development. 3 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 09/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The causes of world war one

    4 star(s)

    the problem was that they lacked the technology to extract and process them. They were a population that were divided by culture and population barriers (much like the Austro-Hungarians). France France had the ability to be a the most major power in the world, at the turn of the century.

  2. Henri Barbusse: UnderFire. Review of novel about French squad in WW1

    Barbusse uses the imagery of death frequently throughout his novel to make this point. The protagonist, whose name we are never given, describes the death of his closest comrade who dies horribly in an explosion while he watches.6 Later, when he goes on guard duty at night, he leans in

  1. "'Lions led by donkeys.' How valid is this interpretation of the conduct of British ...

    It is also not clear whether Lloyd George feels the commanding the army was too big a responsibility for any one, or just Haig. Source D1 does, however, support the "Lions led by Donkeys" interpretation. Source D3 also supports this view.

  2. "Suicide in the trenches" was written in 1917 and is a very emotional peom.

    Now he just wants to die. Siegfried Sassoon's poem `suicide in the trenches' is short and to the point. It tells of a `simple soldier boy', innocent and carefree, who commits suicide to the war. The soldier enjoyed life but in the trenches he was `cowed and glum'.

  1. The Lost Generation in The Sun Also Rises

    Throughout the remainder of the novel, Robert suffers a variety of insults pertaining to his religion. When he becomes upset in Burguete because Brett has not yet arrived, Bill and Jake attribute this to his Jewish superiority. "Well, let him not get superior and Jewish," remarks Bill at one point (Hemingway 92).

  2. War Poetry Essay.

    The challenge of war is emphasised in a more realistic tone "It won't be a picnic" However most young men would welcome the challenge. "Yet eagerly shoulders a gun" Despite the danger and risk of war, who comes forward to assist their country.

  1. World War I - "The First World War was the first modern war."

    However, at the Battle of Cambrai in France, General Haig created an offensive line with tanks to storm the enemy, and this happened with great success. Consequently, the tank's potential had never been forgotten, which one of the reasons why it is still being manufactured today.

  2. Weapons and Technology of World War One.

    Yet in November 1917, 450 tanks rampaged through the enemy line causing havoc near Cambrai. Soon after that the Germans brought out their first tank, the "Schwerer Kampfwagen A7V" and instantly the race had begun to improve them. Here are pictures of the British Mark IV and the Schwerer Kampfwagen

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work