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Why was the World War One not over by Christmas 1914?

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Why was the World War One not over by Christmas 1914 James Miller In this essay I will write about why the First World War was not over by Chrismas 1914. I will talk about the Schlieffen Plan, how there was a stalemate, also about the trenches in the First World War. The reason why the First World War started was that Austria-Hungary's heir to the throne who was called Archduke Franz Ferdinand was going into Bosnia because Austria-Hungary had just recently concurred it. The Archduke was driving down a narrow road and this road got smaller and smaller and soon the driver had to stop because if he did not the car would scrape on the sides of the wall and when the driver did stop a Serbian shot him and his wife This was on the 28th of June 1914. A few days later Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia and the capital Belgrade was shelled. Russia was the ally of Serbia and they began to prepare for war so the clock was ticking for the Germans and they had to put the Schlieffen Plan in to practice. ...read more.


The Germans were slowed down and time was not on their side because the Russians were already preparing their army. Also the Germans thought that the Russians would wait until the whole of their army was ready but they did not they just sent in the divisions that were ready. The Germans had to send back one of the their divisions to fight the Russians. The Russians did not have machine guns so the Russians with horses and swords were no match for the Germans and the Russians were quickly driven back and for the rest of the war a lot of Russia was controlled by the Germans. As this was going on the other divisions were still fighting the British, French and Belgians and by this time the French had already surrounded Paris. One of the German leaders telegrammed to the head Quarters that he was concerned that the French, the BEF and the Belgians would go between the divisions and cut them off, so the Germans grouped closer together so the risk was minimised. ...read more.


That is 10 every second and they had a very good range. But defensive use only. Hand grenade: these weapons could only be thrown so not very good range and were used in both attacking and defending. Barbed wire: this was also one of he most effective weapons of the First World War because if you got caught in it you got stuck and you did not want to get stuck in "no mans land" because a machinegun or a shell would scatter you into little pieces. It slowed down attacks and so was only defensive. Gas: gas was an attacking weapon and was quite effective if the wind was blowing in the right direction. Soldiers were not issued with gas masks so the soldiers used a handkerchief saturated in urine to put over their mouth to protect them. The reason why the war was so slow and was in stalemate was that the most effective of all the weapons was the machine gun and the barbed wire and the thing that you notice with them that they are both only defensive weapons. As a result of the above the war was over by Christmas 1914. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

The author has an excellent understanding of the first movements of the war and why trench warfare developed and how it favoured the defending army. However, knowledge is not always linked to the question and the conclusion needs more development. 3 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 09/04/2013

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