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Women and the war effort in Britain, 1914-1918.

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Coursework Assignment: Women and the war effort in Britain, 1914-1918 1. The two sources, D and G, show many differences. Source D is written by a man many years later than the period we are talking about. This is not first hand evidence. He may have gathered his information from accounts written at the time but he could have changed it to suit the angle from which he is writing. Also, he was a historian writing a broad outline about historical events and so was not specialist on women's rights which meant his work on this topic would be brief and maybe even superficial. I feel that as Pope was writing about the war a long time after it had happened that he would be able to tell a much more truthful story, provided he had reliable sources, as the government would not restrict the content of his book. Source G however is taken directly from a magazine written in 1915 and so is first hand evidence. It therefore may be seen as more reliable than source D. Also the content of this magazine would have been closely monitored and the author would only be allowed to talk about certain subjects which were specified by the government as this information would be published in a magazine which would be read by much of the British population. ...read more.


This could be true but if a certain company was going to portray this then it would have been appropriate to put in the name of the bus company otherwise they could have been advertising any bus service and so attracting attention to other rival companies. This picture could have been taken by a modelling agency to show off a new uniform. I do not think this is likely to be true as this is hardly a desirable uniform that women would want to been seen in. This photo could have been taken by a tourist who wanted to show their friends back home how different our culture is to theirs. This is very unlikely as there would not be many tourists to Britain while a war was going on. Also, there was hardly a tourist industry at all in the early 1900's so it would have been highly improbable. Advertising Iron Jelloids would have been a good reason to take this photograph but I do not think this could be true as it would make this source totally irrelevant to the rest of the sources. I feel the most convincing reason this photograph was taken was for propaganda reasons. It portrays women as able to do the work which men had once done and shows that there is very little difference between a male bus conductor and a female one. ...read more.


Source D explains how women took over the roles of men and how attitudes towards women became hostile. Before the war women would never have thought of applying for men's jobs but would have accepted that their role was at home looking after the children and the house. Source E tells us of the great passion and spirit with which women stood up for their beliefs. Before the war they would not have dared voice their opinions this strongly but with the many women's rights groups now well established this is the first time they would have felt safe enough to do so. Source F shows a woman in a traditionally male uniform and it appears that she is just as capable as a man at doing this job and it does not seem to be dampening her spirits as she has a large grin on her face. Source G shows that women have come along way in terms of social stature since before the war. It says that women are essentially equal to men and that the previous ideas about men working and women looking after the house no longer apply. Women have proved that they are able to their share in times of crisis. I think that these sources outline the great changes to the position of women in the social structure of Britain during the war in much detail. It makes you realise just how far women have come and how many over those changes came about as a result of the First World War. ...read more.

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